Orioles great Cal Ripken Jr. might set the mark for the highest percentage of the Hall of Fame vote

The drama won't be in the announcement -- it will be in the details.

Cal Ripken Jr., the pride of Aberdeen, the two-decades face of the Orioles organization, a model for workaholics everywhere, almost certainly will be announced Tuesday as one of the newest members of the Baseball Hall of Fame.


Ripken, along with former San Diego Padres great Tony Gwynn, is as guaranteed to garner the required 75 percent of the Baseball Writers' Association of America vote as any other first-time-eligible candidate in the past 15 years.

There are still a few mysteries set to be revealed at 2 p.m. Tuesday, however.


How many of the approximately 575 ballots sent out will be returned without Ripken's name checked? Will he, Gwynn or both eclipse the all-time highest percentage of 98.84 set in 1992 by pitcher Tom Seaver, who was named on 425 of 430 ballots? Will Ripken be the first unanimous pick in Hall of Fame history? Based on an e-mail poll conducted by The Sun in which about a third of the anticipated number of 2007 voters responded, Ripken and Gwynn should seriously challenge Seaver's all-time mark.

And yet another year will pass without a unanimous selection.

Of the 178 members of the BBWAA who answered the question about Ripken's induction, only one, Paul Ladewski, a columnist for the Daily Southtown in suburban Chicago, said he didn't vote for Ripken.

"In an attempt to uphold the Hall of Fame standards established by their predecessors, I will not vote for anyone who played in the 1993-2004 period, which I consider to be the Steroids Era," Ladewski wrote in an e-mail to The Sun last month. "That includes Tony Gwynn, Mark McGwire and Cal Ripken Jr."

The San Diego Union-Tribune did a similar poll as it applied to Gwynn's candidacy, and of the 233 responses it received, only Ladewski said he would have reservations about voting for the Padres' eight-time batting champion.

Ladewski, a BBWAA member since 1984, confirmed last week that he submitted a blank ballot, which, in effect, will be counted as a "No" vote for all candidates.

"It's not an anti-Cal Ripken vote or an anti-Tony Gwynn vote; it's a vote about not knowing enough, in my opinion, of the Steroids Era and performance-enhancing drugs to make the kind of decision that needs to be made," Ladewski said.

"From my dealings with Cal Ripken Jr. in the past, he was very pleasant, a good ambassador for the game, and his numbers speak for themselves," Ladewski said. "But I don't have enough information on the [steroids] subject to make a decision."


'None of us ... know'

Ladewski said he doesn't suspect Ripken or Gwynn used steroids, but "by the same token, I don't have any hard and fast evidence that would convince me beyond a shadow of a doubt that they weren't. My gut feeling is they weren't, but none of us really know. Only they do."

Ladewski's decision is one of the findings of The Sun's query, which targeted roughly 400 active BBWAA members. More than 200 responded, with 26 saying they would not vote in the 2007 election because of personal or company policies.

One, Sporting News senior vice president John Rawlings, said he considered sending in a blank ballot to protest McGwire, who, during a congressional hearing in 2005, refused to discuss his speculated use of performing-enhancing drugs. Instead, Rawlings decided not to submit his ballot at all.

"If I send in a blank ballot ... that penalizes two players for whom I have great admiration, Ripken and Gwynn," said Rawlings, who characterized the current Hall of Fame voting procedure as creating a conflict of interest. "Then the mental tug of war gets framed as, 'Why punish Ripken and Gwynn because of McGwire's bad behavior?' So, it all nets out that not voting is probably the best course after all."

No reservations


Voters, who can choose up to 10 players each year, were asked five questions by The Sun, including whether they had reservations about selecting Ripken, who retired in 2001, in his first year of eligibility.

This, from St. Petersburg Times baseball writer Marc Topkin, was a typical response: "If Cal Ripken isn't an automatic, no-brainer, first-guy-you-check-on-your-ballot candidate, who is?"

Said voter Mel Antonen of USA Today: "The Hall of Fame is built for players like Cal Ripken. I don't see how anyone could not vote for Ripken. It would have to be the biggest nitpick in the history of the Hall of Fame."

Traditional nitpicking shouldn't be a problem here, according to the poll results.

Most voters don't draw any distinction between first-ballot candidates and others. The rationale is if the honor is deserved, it should come in Year One. No voter said he would leave a player off their ballot in the first year of eligibility with the intention of voting for him the next year.

"My contention always has been if a guy isn't worthy on the first ballot, he should be taken off if he doesn't make it the first year," said Hal McCoy of the Dayton Daily News. "His stats don't get any better the first year than the second. If he is a Hall of Famer, he should make it on the first ballot."


Ripken's initial candidacy also won't be hampered specifically by the presence of Gwynn and McGwire on the ballot. Of the 174 voters who responded to the question, all said they had no concerns about voting for more than one first-ballot player.

"Looking at the voting over the years, it is apparent that fewer voters deny a player a vote simply because it is the player's first year of eligibility," said Mike Peticca of The (Cleveland) Plain Dealer. "Hopefully, should a player ever be a unanimous pick, even the casual fan will understand that it doesn't mean that player was necessarily the best ever. I will never, though, let that possibility stop me from voting for a player."

Upholding the tradition of no unanimous Hall of Famers is also of little concern to those who responded to The Sun survey.

Of the 168 who answered the specific question, all said they had no reservations about a modern-day player being a unanimous selection. A few, however, said it would be difficult to envision one now when the game's greatest players -- such as Ty Cobb (four votes short), Hank Aaron (nine), Babe Ruth (11) and Willie Mays (23) -- weren't.

"If Aaron wasn't, then should anyone be?" said Dave Perkins of The Toronto Star. "But I wouldn't withhold a vote strictly to make sure no one was unanimous."

Paul Hagen of the Philadelphia Daily News was one of the five voters who didn't name Seaver on his ballot in 1992. He said his decision had nothing to do with Seaver or with protecting the no-unanimous tradition.


Hagen turned in a blank ballot to protest the omission of Pete Rose's name in what would have been the all-time hits leader's first year of eligibility. Hagen said the writers -- and not Major League Baseball -- should have made the call on the suspended Rose's Hall of Fame worthiness, as they had with countless others.

"This was, clearly, I thought, a blatant interference with the voting process to keep Pete Rose off, and I didn't think that was right," Hagen said. "I want to stress that it's not that I necessarily would have voted for Pete Rose, but I didn't think it was right for them to step in and not allow Pete Rose on the ballot."

No buzz before

Leading into the 1992 vote, Hagen said there wasn't much buzz about Seaver's being a potential unanimous selection.

"If that had been in my thoughts at the time, maybe I would have voted for Seaver. Clearly, he deserved to be in," Hagen said. "But it didn't enter my thought process at the time."

Bob Hertzel of the Morgantown (W.Va.) Dominion Post, then of the Pittsburgh Press, also submitted a blank ballot in 1992 as a Rose protest. He and Hagen said they voted for Ripken and Gwynn this year. The other three BBWAA members believed to have left Seaver off their ballots in 1992 are now dead.


And so might be the practice of honoring slights of the past.

"It's not any modern player's fault that Willie Mays fell short of being a unanimous pick," said Denver Post columnist Mark Kiszla. "And I don't give a hoot about any 'tradition' that might have been started by a bunch of dead sportswriters."

Still, most of those responsible for electing Hall of Famers didn't expect a unanimous vote when they cast their ballot for Ripken last month -- and they don't see full agreement anytime on the horizon. Maybe not to uphold a passe tradition, but simply because sportswriters are the disagreeable sort.

"Every generation of baseball writers," said Sporting News columnist Dave Kindred, "has its mavericks marching to music only they hear."

Coming Soon


Tomorrow / / Mark McGwire's chances of election to the Hall of Fame look slim. Tuesday / / Would Cal Ripken Jr. still be a Hall of Famer without The Streak? Wednesday / / A special section on Ripken and Hall of Fame news. On the Web / / A multimedia presentation at, including - after Tuesday's vote announcement - exclusive video of a Sun interview with Ripken. Fans on Ripken / / Tell us your thoughts about Cal Ripken Jr. as the day approaches for this year's Baseball Hall of Fame class to be announced. The Sun will publish some of your comments in Wednesday's Ripken special section. E-mail us at Please include your name, town and a daytime phone number.

Ballot Busters

The 10 highest voting percentages in Baseball Hall of Fame history (with player and percentage of ballots he was named on):

Rk. Player Year Pct.

1. Tom Seaver 1992 98.84

2. Nolan Ryan 1999 98.79


3. Ty Cobb 1936 98.23

4. George Brett 1999 98.19

5. Hank Aaron 1982 97.83

6. Mike Schmidt 1995 96.52

7. Johnny Bench 1989 96.42

8. Steve Carlton 1994 95.31


9. (tie) Honus Wagner 1936 95.13

9. (tie) Babe Ruth 1936 95.13

Source: National Baseball Hall of Fame and Museum