After an earthquake rocked the Indonesian island of Java in May, donors responded. World Vision U.S., a Christian aid organization, quickly received hundreds of thousands of dollars in contributions to help those left devastated by what nature had wrought.
To aid the more than 700,000 displaced in Lebanon during fighting that has raged between Israel and Hezbollah over the past three weeks, the call has gone out again.
This time, donors have been "lukewarm," a senior official says, offering $160,000 in donations to assist those injured and displaced by the attacks. That's just one-quarter of what they gave after the Indonesian disaster.
"We're scratching our heads trying to figure out how to crack this nut," said Randy Strash, World Vision's strategy director for emergency response.
"Normally you would expect in a major, highly publicized disaster, you'd expect income in the seven figures, at least."
By contrast, United Jewish Communities, an umbrella organization of 155 local Jewish federations, said yesterday that it had raised $84 million for its Israel Crisis Fund since launching it less than three weeks earlier and has set a goal for an Israel Emergency Campaign of "at least $300 million."
Aside from basic humanitarian supplies for Israelis in need, the money is being used to keep children who live in Northern Israel out of the line of rocket fire and to make life easier for those who have been racing in and out of bomb shelters, UJC officials said.
Ten thousand children have been sent to summer camps in central Israel to keep them away from rockets coming over the border with Lebanon. Air conditioning is being put into some bomb shelters, which were not designed for long-term use. Meals are being provided to the elderly who can't get around.
Grant and journey
Two weeks ago, Baltimore's Harry and Jeannette Weinberg Foundation announced a $5 million grant to UJC's efforts in Israel. Barry I. Schloss, treasurer and a trustee of the foundation, went on a solidarity trip to Israel to check on how the money would be spent and to see what other needs the people have. "I wouldn't be truthful if I said I wasn't scared at all," he said, describing how he was at a spot hit by a rocket just an hour and a half later.
"At times of crisis, the American Jewish community knows what's important and that is the survival of the Jewish people and the Jewish state," said Glenn Rosenkrantz, a spokesman for UJC. "I can even call it a primal reaction when Israel is under attack."
Strash said the same thinking did not apply to Lebanon. "From a fundraising point of view, people are unclear as to who are the victims, and usually when that happens they don't write the check," he said. "They wait to see what happens or they don't give at all," he said, waiting for the next "morally unambiguous" situation.
World Vision is not alone in its frustration. Despite the declarations about the gravity of the situation by such world leaders as President Bush and Pope Benedict XVI, people are not being moved to donate in the large numbers that have been seen in the past, several nonprofit groups say.
Some blame "donor fatigue" after a year that included the South Asian tsunami, Hurricane Katrina and the deadly earthquake in Pakistan. Others say donors are having a hard time separating the military and political conflicts in the Middle East from the humanitarian issues.
Reports of how difficult it has been to travel through southern Lebanon -- even for aid workers, who would typically be assured safer passage -- are also scaring away contributors, several said, because people might think their money wouldn't even get to those who need it.
"People are certainly aware of the situation, but I don't think they perceive it as a humanitarian crisis at this time," said Mark Melia, director of annual giving and support for Baltimore-based Catholic Relief Services, which has raised $355,000 so far.
"War, conflict situations are particularly challenging. It has been a challenging fundraising environment. It's been difficult to get relief supplies in there, so it's difficult to convey we are reaching the people in need."
David Snyder, a Catholic Relief Services worker who lives in Parkville, arrived in Beirut yesterday after hitching a ride on a Canadian-chartered cruise ship headed from Cyprus to Lebanon to pick up 700 Canadian nationals. He described some of the conditions he had already seen.
He said there are 1,700 people -- men, women and children -- who have sought cover in an underground parking garage near a supermarket in Beirut. During the day, they leave, visit relatives, scrounge for food and supplies. But at night when the worst of the bombing comes, they hunker down on the concrete where cars should be parked. This is no sanctioned shelter where relief supplies are offered. "They just came there of their own accord," Snyder said by telephone.
Many of the aid organizations working in Lebanon had a presence there long before the current conflict. Some have seen their workers evacuated from the country. Others are trying to get more workers in. The ones who are there concede they are having trouble fulfilling their basic missions.
"It's difficult to move around in Lebanon. The supplies are dwindling. It's been very challenging to maintain the level of quality of life," said Melia, of Catholic Relief Services which partners with a group called Caritas Lebanon to do full-time work in the country. Maronite Christians, who are Eastern Rite Catholics, make up about 35 percent of the population in Lebanon
Even in the heat of war, humanitarian corridors are typically set up to allow for aid supplies to be transported to civilians. That is not occurring in southern Lebanon, said James Bishop, director of humanitarian policy and practices for InterAction, a coalition of 165 American nongovernmental organizations working in economic development and humanitarian assistance overseas. That is leading to shortages -- food, medicine, fuel. There is a backup of trucks trying to cross the border, he said.
Strash said his organization has supplies ready. Airlifts are prepared to take off from Italy. Trucks are packed up in Germany. A boat is waiting in Cyprus. But the borders are closed and there is concern that any convoy in southern Lebanon could be mistaken for a Hezbollah target by the Israeli air force.
So the supplies that do arrive are transported by passenger cars. "It's either that or carry it on your back," he said.
That hasn't stopped supplies from being shipped. Earlier this week, a cargo plane left Salt Lake City to carry $1.5 million in supplies such as powdered milk, baby formula and hand soap to Lebanese civilians. The shipment, courtesy of the Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints, will be distributed by Islamic Relief and the Hariri Foundation.
Meanwhile, Buena Park, Calif.-based Islamic Relief, an international relief and development organization, is hoping to raise $5 million for the people of Lebanon and Gaza. So far, it is encountering many of the same roadblocks as the others, said spokesman Mostafa Mahboob.
It also runs into concerns from some in the wake of 9/11 who are wary of Muslim charities, three of which had assets frozen in 2001 because of suspected terrorist links, he said. "They just want to make sure the money they give actually reaches the people on the ground and doesn't just sit there frozen," he said.
Still, the group has raised $940,000, he said earlier this week.
Smaller grassroots efforts also are under way. A group of Lebanese-American doctors calling itself the Care Lebanon Committee is soliciting financial donations and supplies -- blankets, quilts, diapers and medical supplies -- to send to those in their homeland. A drop-off center will be open through Sunday at the Mission Helper of the Sacred Heart Center on Joppa Road in Towson.
With a long-term presence in Lebanon, Strash said, his group is already distributing the supplies it has. Money that comes to World Vision will replenish the goods that are rapidly dwindling.
"It's dicey all the way around, but we need to respond," he said. "These are people in genuine need."
Sun reporter Chris Emery contributed to this article.