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Buffett signs over $31 billion, becomes top philanthropist


NEW YORK -- When the world's second-richest man signed the bulk of his fortune over to the world's richest man's foundation yesterday, Bill Gates (No. 1) quipped to Warren E. Buffett (No. 2): "I didn't see your hands shaking there."

The signing ceremony for the largest charitable bequest in history took place in a marbled-lined room at the main New York Public Library, which is the product of several storied fortunes, including those of John Jacob Astor and Andrew Carnegie.

Afterward, Buffett remarked to an audience of several hundred philanthropists, scientists, students and United Nations officials that it is far easier to make a fortune than to decide how to give it away.

"In business, you look for the easy things to do," said Buffett, founder of Berkshire Hathaway Inc. and long considered the world's leading investor. "In philanthropy you are really tackling the problems that people of intellect, people with money have thought about in the past, and have had a tough time coming up with solutions. So philanthropy is a tougher game."

But he was smiling as he signed letters committing about $31 billion to the Bill & Melinda Gates Foundation and smaller amounts - though still in the billions - to four foundations set up in the names of his three children and his deceased wife. "The first three letters are easy to sign," Buffett said. "I just sign 'Dad.'"

The unveiling of Buffett's charitable intentions was orchestrated for maximum publicity. First came a story Sunday on the Fortune magazine Web site, written by Fortune editor at large and Buffett confidante Carol J. Loomis, which led to front-page play around the world in yesterday's newspapers.

More than 200 journalists thronged a function room at a midtown Manhattan hotel after the library signing ceremony for yesterday afternoon's news conference. An interview with Buffett on the Charlie Rose television show last night capped off the media blitz.

Microsoft Inc. co-founder Bill Gates said the point of the publicity was to help coax "more of the people who are super-lucky to get involved" in philanthropy.

Media tycoon and philanthropist Ted Turner once attempted to spark more giving "by kind of scolding people," but Gates said his method is "showing how much fun it can be."

Melinda Gates, though lesser known than her husband or Buffett, forcefully explained how the Gates Foundation had decided to expand its focus. The main missions will continue to be improving U.S. education and international health, she said, but the foundation recently decided to move into biotechnology and agriculture and "micro-lending" in the Third World.

"When you see people standing in line in Zambia for tuberculosis medicine and they can barely swallow it," she said, it becomes obvious that they need help developing economically and agriculturally to sustain whatever health the medicines may provide.

In a 45-minute question-and-answer session at the news conference, Buffett outlined the long-held beliefs that shaped his decision to give almost all his fortune away.

"I don't believe in creating dynastic wealth," he said, adding that it made no more sense for his children "to inherit my position" atop a gigantic fortune than for them to inherit a slot on the Olympic team or as quarterback of the University of Nebraska football team had their father been an athlete.

Buffett said his philosophy is to "leave the kids enough so they can do anything but not enough so they can do nothing."

Thomas S. Mulligan and Maggie Farley write for the Los Angeles Times.

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