James Cameron, 92, who survived an attempted lynching by a white mob and went on to found America's Black Holocaust Museum, died Sunday in Milwaukee.
In 1930, in Marion, Ind., Mr. Cameron, who was then age 16 and worked shining shoes, and two friends were arrested and accused of killing a white man during a robbery and raping the man's companion.
A mob took them out of jail and hanged Mr. Cameron's two friends, then placed a rope around his neck.
"They began to chant for me like a football player, 'We want Cameron, we want Cameron,'" he recalled in a 2003 interview with the Associated Press. "I could feel the blood in my body just freezing up."
The teenager was spared when a man in the crowd proclaimed his innocence. He was convicted of being an accessory before the fact to voluntary manslaughter and spent four years in prison, but was granted a pardon in 1993 - and said he had been beaten into signing a false confession.
Mr. Cameron said he was inspired to create the museum during a 1979 trip to Israel and Yad Vashem, the Holocaust memorial. In 1988, he opened the museum in a small storefront room in downtown Milwaukee. Six years later, he took over an abandoned 12,000-square-foot gym that the city sold him for $1. The museum explores the history of the struggles of blacks in America and was considered one of the first of its kind in the country.
Kenneth Thomson, 82, who was Canada's richest person, died yesterday at his Toronto office. The cause was not immediately known.
Mr. Thomson, who owned about 70 percent of Thomson Corp., had become chairman of the global information company after the death of his father in 1976.
He turned the chairmanship over to his son, David, in 2002.
Ranked ninth on the Forbes magazine list of the world's wealthiest people, he had a fortune estimated at $19.6 billion.