When gasoline prices rise, drivers grumble and politicians talk energy crisis.
Marketers see opportunity.
Koons car dealerships in Maryland and Virginia are running television commercials offering some buyers up to five years' worth of gasoline. ConsumerClub.com is offering shoppers $10 off their gas purchases when they buy $100 of merchandise via the Web site. Even the American Red Cross recognized the allure of such campaigns and is giving blood donors a chance to win $100 gas cards.
The summer vacation season typically spawns gasoline-related promotions, and marketing experts say this year promises to be a bonanza.
A gallon of regular gas costs almost $3 in Maryland, close to the record, compared with about $2.10 a year ago. As analysts predict higher gas prices will last for months, perhaps years, the old saying that "sex sells" might become a new adage with another three-letter word: g-a-s.
"When Americans are spending more than $50 to fill their tanks, all of a sudden that reaches a threshold of pain they don't like to experience," said Britt Beemer, founder of America's Research Group, a consumer marketing company. "The longer gas prices stay up, the more it becomes a great marketing strategy."
Pain at the pump, it seems, can be used as a marketing tool in any number of ways. Not only are retailers advertising prepaid gas cards and rebates, but credit card companies that offer cash back on purchases are boosting those rebates when a card is used to pay for gas.
Hotels are rewarding bookings for more than one night's stay, with discounts to help cover the cost of the gas it takes to get there. Amusement parks are reducing admission for guests who show a gas receipt.
More than other commodities -- ones that don't have their prices posted in big numbers on street corners -- gasoline can provoke a visceral reaction from consumers.
Consumer anger over a rise in gas prices was one factor in prompting investigations into potential price-gouging. A Federal Trade Commission investigation ended recently with a finding of no unlawful price manipulation by the industry, although the issue is expected to carry over into gubernatorial and congressional elections.
"Gas is such a necessity for most Americans, and people don't want to feel like they're getting ripped off because the industry knows that gas is something we can't live without," said Ragina Averella, public and government affairs manager for AAA Mid-Atlantic. "You can live without a $4 cappuccino, but you have to be able to drive."
Americans haven't seen gas prices this high in a generation.
Prices topped $3 a gallon last fall after Hurricane Katrina devastated the Gulf Coast, and again this spring as the global price of crude oil soared. Before that, the national average had not exceeded $3, even when adjusted for inflation, since the early 1980s.
Doug MacIntyre, a senior oil market analyst with the federal Energy Information Administration in Washington, said further price increases this summer will depend on demand for gasoline and on oil prices.
Marketers are hoping that by picking up the tab for a tank or two, they can ingratiate themselves with consumers or call attention to a product or cause.
For ConsumerClub.com, a rebate and comparison-shopping site that links to more than 700 retailers, including Macy's, Wal-Mart and Office Depot, the gas rebate was a first. President Bob Diener said the promotion is intended to drive home that it's cheaper to shop online. Shoppers must mail in gasoline and online-purchase receipts by the end of this month to get the cash back.
Another Web site, BedandBreak fast.com, is promoting its "Tanks a Lot" program, in which hotels offer free gas and discounts to guests. The offers are traditionally made in June, but this year inns that advertise on the site started introducing them in April in response to rising gas prices.
The fine print
It is important to read the fine print, however. At Sugar Hill Harlem Inn in Manhattan, for example, guests must use the password "peak oil" when making a reservation for three or more nights to get the $25 discount. At Historic Inns in Rockland, Maine, the midweek discount for guests depends on their car: It's equal to 10 times the number of cylinders in the engine.
Six Flags Inc. of New York, whose theme parks include Six Flags America in Largo, has been advertising a $15 discount on up to six full-price entry tickets for park-goers with a gas receipt.
Credit card companies also hope to capitalize. Shell Oil Co., which has a proprietary card, is offering new cardholders through mid-June a $25 gift card that can be used at Shell stations or at selected retailers. Discover Financial Services is offering customers a couple of ways to get 5 percent cash back on gas purchases made with its cards.
In recent years, credit card companies have offered rebate programs on everyday purchases such as gasoline and groceries to get consumers accustomed to using credit, as opposed to cash. The idea, in industry parlance, is to give the company's card "top-of-wallet" status over other cards. U.S. households average more than 13 credit and debit cards, according to CardWeb.com.
"When gas prices go up, sure there's a marketing opportunity for them to use that as a draw," said Brent Stratford, a vice president at Synovate, a market research firm. "These type of hot-button issues for consumers are a good way to market to existing cardholders. They're saying, 'Take our card with you on vacation, and we'll give you a rebate on the gas you used.'"
Car dealerships are also bringing back free gas deals that have been selling points for consumers previously when prices have risen.
Koons Ford in Baltimore is offering, through tomorrow, one year of gas when a customer buys a new F-150 truck. The deal effectively reduces the sticker price by thousands of dollars, but the fine print assumes that the buyer drives 10,000 miles a year and pays $2.92 a gallon.
Koons Tysons Chevrolet in Vienna, Va., upped the ante, unveiling its largest-ever gas deal, a salesman said. There, buyers of the Tahoe or Suburban sport utility vehicle get five years' worth of gas, a value calculated at $8,110.
With some free-gas offers, experts warn that consumers should be wary.
Shane Keats, market strategist at McAfee SiteAdvisor, said that when consumers visit Web sites promoting free gas cards worth hundreds of dollars, their e-mail addresses might be sold to advertisers. He also warns that few consumers get the gift because the sites require that they complete a number of "product offers" that usually require them to make purchases.
"Last year, consumers were looking for free iPods on these sites, but now with gas prices at $3 a gallon throughout the country, the sites are using that as their hook," Keats said. "These 'free gas' sites are all over the Web, and they're particularly big offenders when it comes to spamming e-mail."
Bleed and go
The lure of free gas is used not only for salesmanship.
The Red Cross' Greater Chesapeake & Potomac region, which confronts a decline in donors every summer while students and workers are on vacation, is expanding a program begun last year by raffling off gas cards to donors every week through August.
"Because gas prices are so high in the minds of people nowadays, we're trying to get them to think of blood donations when they think about gas," spokesman Shaun Adamec said.
The Maryland Lottery Commission recently held drawings for $100 gas cards. Bob and Elizabeth Mazurek, a retired couple from Parkton, won the Pump It Up promotional game in which winners were picked randomly from a pool of scratch-off players who mailed in losing tickets.
While the thrill of winning is always a draw, the price at the pump was another motivator.
"When it gets up around $3 a gallon, you start thinking about your driving habits and how to pay for it," Bob Mazurek said.
Various businesses and organizations are using gasoline giveaways or rebates as an attraction.
Koons Ford dealership in Baltimore is offering through tomorrow one year of gas when customers buy a new F-150 truck. At Koons Tysons Chevrolet in Vienna, Va., buyers of the Tahoe or Suburban sport utility vehicle get five years' worth of gas -- a value calculated at $8,110.
ConsumerClub.com, a rebate and comparison-shopping site that links to more than 700 retailers including Macy's, Wal-Mart and Office Depot, is offering shoppers $10 off their gas purchases when they buy $100 of merchandise via the Web site.
Six Flags Inc., whose theme parks include Six Flags America in Largo, has been advertising a $15 discount on up to six full-price entry tickets for park-goers with a gas receipt.
Shell Oil Co., which has a proprietary card, is offering new cardholders through mid-June a $25 gift card that can be used at Shell stations or at selected retailers. Discover Financial Services is offering customers a couple of ways to get 5 percent cash back on gas purchases made with its cards.
The Red Cross's Greater Chesapeake & Potomac region is raffling off gas cards to donors every week through August.
The Maryland Lottery Commission recently held drawings for $100 gas cards. Winners were picked randomly from a pool of scratch-off players who mailed in losing tickets.
[ Source: Sun research]