Harry Browne, 72, an author and investment adviser who twice ran for president as the Libertarian Party candidate, died Wednesday of Lou Gehrig's disease at his home in Franklin, Tenn.

He received 485,134 votes, or 0.5 percent, for president in 1996 and 384,431, or 0.37 percent, in 2000. He never held elective office. He campaigned across the country, promoting the value of smaller government.

He wrote 12 books that sold more than 2 million copies, the party said in a news release. They included Why Government Doesn't Work, How I Found Freedom in an Unfree World and Fail-Safe Investing.

Brig. Gen. Robert L. Scott, 97, one of America's most celebrated World War II fighter pilots and author of the best-selling wartime memoir God Is My Co-Pilot, died Monday at an asSisted-living center in Warner Robins, Ga., home of Robins Air Force Base, near Macon.

In the spring of 1942, General Scott, then a colonel in the Army Air Forces, was awarded the Silver Star for helping to evacuate thousands of Allied troops and refugees trapped when the Japanese overran Burma. Braving blinding storms and pursued by Japanese fighters, he ferried evacuees to India aboard a C-47 transport, flying over 17,000-foot peaks.

His best-selling 1943 book was made into a 1945 movie starring Dennis Morgan. Among his other books were The Day I Owned the Sky and Flying Tiger: Chennault of China. He shot down 22 enemy planes in his P-40 Warhawk, though he recalled some were listed as "probable" kills.

Octavia E. Butler, 58, considered the first black woman to gain national prominence as a science-fiction writer, died Feb. 24 after she fell and struck her head on the cobbled walkway outside her home in Lake Forest Park, Wash.

Her work used the genre's artistic freedom to explore race, poverty, politics, religion and human nature. Some characters had extra sensory perception or fluid physiology.

Her first novel, Kindred, in 1979 featured a black woman who travels back in time to the South to save a white man. She went on to write about a dozen books, plus numerous essays and short stories. Her most recent work, Fledgling, an examination of the Dracula legend, was published last fall. Bloodchild and Other Stories (1995) won Hugo and Nebula awards. In 1995 she was the first science-fiction writer granted a "genius" award from the John D. and Catherine T. MacArthur Foundation, which paid $295,000 over five years.

Henry M. Morris, 87, whose writings describing what he saw as a divinely created world and helped ignite a national debate about the origins of life on Earth, died of a stroke Feb. 25 at a hospital in La Mesa, Calif.

Mr. Morris, who coined the term "creation science," co-authored The Genesis Flood, a 1961 book that attempted to offer scientific explanation for creationism. A longtime opponent, Stephen Jay Gould, acknowledged the book as "the founding document of the creationist movement."

Mr. Morris, who was trained as a hydraulic engineer, went on to found the California-based Institute for Creation Research in the San Diego suburb of Santee in 1970 and built it into a center of the creationist movement. He also helped found what is now San Diego Christian College in El Cajon that year.

His ideas have been roundly rejected by mainstream scientists, but they continue to hold considerable sway over millions of people around the globe.

Jack Wild, 53, who earned an Oscar nomination as a teenager for his role as the Artful Dodger in the 1968 film Oliver! died Wednesday of cancer in London.

He appeared in the London stage production of Lionel Bart's adaptation of Charles Dickens' Oliver Twist. He was cast in the film as cheeky pickpocket the Artful Dodger, a role that earned the 16-year-old an Oscar nomination for best supporting actor.

He also was known to a generation of children as the hero of H.R. Pufnstuf, a psychedelic TV series about a boy stranded on a fantastical island with a talking flute, a friendly dragon and eerie, chatty trees. A feature film, Pufnstuf, was released in 1970. He became a teen music idol, releasing three albums.

But Mr. Wild struggled with alcoholism and his adult acting career was fitful, although he had a role in Robin Hood: Prince of Thieves in 1991.

Owen Chamberlain, 85, who shared a Nobel Prize for discovering the antiproton, opening a glimpse into the strange world of antimatter, whose mysteries tantalize scientists to this day, died Tuesday of complications from Parkinson's disease at his home in Berkeley, Calif. Dr. Chamberlain, an emeritus professor of physics at the University of California, and Berkeley physicist Emilio Segre shared the Nobel Prize for discovering the antiproton, which is the counterpart to the positively charged proton.

In addition to his scientific achievements, Dr. Chamberlain was a humanist and social activist who took part in Free Speech Movement demonstrations in the 1960s and spoke out on race relations, the Vietnam War and many liberal causes. In the 1950s and 1960s, he campaigned for a nuclear test ban treaty.

Milton Katims, 96, who was credited with building the Seattle Symphony from a part-time orchestra in the 1950s into a respected regional symphony, died of heart failure Monday in Shoreline, Wash.

Mr. Katims, music director of the symphony for 22 years, was an internationally renowned conductor and violinist. In 1976, after clashing with the orchestra's board, Mr. Katims moved to Texas and served for eight years as artistic director of the School of Music at the University of Houston. Mr. Katims eventually returned to Seattle, and in 2004, he and his wife, the cellist Virginia Peterson Katims, wrote a memoir, The Pleasure Was Ours.

In the 1940s, he was principal violist of the NBC Symphony, and maestro Arturo Toscanini coached the budding conductor. In 1947, he became the assistant conductor for the NBC Symphony.

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