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Other notable deaths


Joel Dorius, 87, one of three professors forced out of Smith College in 1960 for possession of gay pornography but later exonerated, died of bone marrow cancer Feb. 15 at home in San Francisco. He was 87.

Raymond Joel Dorius, who never used his first name, taught English literature at the Massachusetts Institute of Technology, Harvard and Yale before going to Smith. He later spent 20 years at San Francisco State University, where he retired in 1984.

His career nearly ended after authorities in Northampton, Mass., searched his home as part of raids on obscenity in the mail ordered by President Dwight D. Eisenhower's postmaster general. He and another untenured professor, Edward Spofford, had been turned in by Newton Arvin, a tenured literature professor whose home was raided first. What they found -- pictures of men in their underwear and diaries of the closeted gay life -- were mild by today's standards but considered illegal pornography then.

The three men were charged with possession of pornography and suspended from Smith. Mr. Arvin was able to retire at half pay, but the school's contracts with Mr. Dorius and Mr. Spofford were not renewed. Criminal convictions of all three were overturned in 1963.

Smith College never issued a formal apology, but in 2002 school officials established the $100,000 Dorius/Spofford Fund for the Study of Civil Liberties and Freedom of Expression, and the Newton Arvin Prize in American Studies, a $500 annual stipend.

Don Paarlberg, 94, an agricultural policy adviser to three presidents and an architect of President Dwight D. Eisenhower's Food for Peace initiative, died Feb. 14 in West Lafayette, Ind.

As a special assistant to Mr. Eisenhower beginning in 1958, he took over direction of the fledgling Food for Peace program and ran it until 1961. The program provided U.S. food supplies to the hungry in postwar Europe and elsewhere. Since then, it has fed nearly 3 billion people in 150 countries, according to the U.S. Agency for International Development, which now oversees Food for Peace. Mr. Paarlberg also filled assignments for Presidents Richard M. Nixon and Gerald R. Ford.

He began his federal service in 1953, when he became an economic adviser to Agriculture Secretary Ezra Taft Benson. He was appointed an assistant agriculture secretary in 1957.

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