DEL MAR, Calif. -- Rising before dawn, the head of Pfizer Inc.'s research lab in San Diego fills her thermos with coffee and follows the headlights of her Honda Element to the foot of 15th Street, where a beach parking lot is filling up.
Catherine Mackey, 50, trudges in her wet suit across the sand beneath a murky gray sky, a new surfboard under her arm. A handful of surfers are in the water, hoping to ride the 4-foot breakers to shore - and to network with people like Mackey.
In San Diego's booming biomedical industry, opportunity tends to come in waves. Surfing has become a way to make contacts, get face time with the boss and arrange deals.
"It's the new golf," said 48-year-old biotech entrepreneur Laura Shawver as she prepared to join Mackey in the chilly water.
San Diego's biotechnology industry - surpassed only by research hubs in San Francisco and Boston - was born near the beach in La Jolla, where a critical mass of world-renowned research institutions are clustered - Salk Institute, Scripps Research Institute and Burnham Institute, along with the University of California, San Diego.
It makes sense that people in the industry would discover surfing in a place with a mild climate and miles of pristine beaches. But the sport also seems suited to an unpredictable business marked by stunning highs and crashing lows.
The industry's passion for surfing is evident at sunrise, when high-powered biotech players equipped with the latest gear begin arriving at a stretch of shoreline known for its good surf.
Between waves, they pick up the latest gossip in a local industry of more than 300 biomedical companies, which over the years have produced such breakthroughs as the PSA test for prostate cancer and the first antibody drug. The lawyers, financiers and scientists who attend the predawn gatherings have a name for them: board meetings.
"It's where the best business gets done," said Paul Grayson, who invests in biotech ventures and just filled a position at one of his companies with an executive referred by a surfing pal.
Each break along the coastline draws a slightly different crowd. Scientists from UC San Diego frequent a nearby beach adjacent to Scripps Pier. Biotechnology executives new to surfing favor a less challenging location in Del Mar.
It's often easier to track someone down in the predawn surf than to arrange a lunch meeting. And professionals don't charge for informal advice dispensed in the water.
Networking wasn't what initially drove many biotech players into the surf. A desire to stay fit or work off stress motivated many professionals. Joel Martin, a venture capitalist, says the intense concentration required by surfing allows him to put day-to-day worries aside.
"You can go back to the office with a clear head," he said.
Shawver, an Iowa native who is chief executive of Phenomix Corp., a company working on drugs for immune disorders and metabolic diseases, said she took up surfing because it looked beautiful and exciting. She soon discovered its value as an icebreaker as she mingled with other biotech entrepreneurs around town.
"It gives you something to talk about besides work," she said. "In business, it isn't really acceptable to say, 'Seen any good movies lately?'"
Brian Uzzi, a management professor at Northwestern University's Kellogg School of Management and a former surfer, says the sport tends to build relationships that are strong and lasting. Because the ocean is unpredictable, surfing can provide important character insights, he says.
"You share the joys of the big day and commiserate over bad days," he said. "It is a lot more personal than going to lunch or dinner, or spending a night at the opera."
One sign of surfing's popularity with the biotech crowd is the rising tide of businesses aimed at people with money to lavish on lessons and gear. Many offer surf clinics year-round and corporate team-building retreats.
"They are baby surfers with gold cards," said Isabelle Tihanyi, founder of Surf Divas, a San Diego company focused on female surfers. "They want the best wet suits, the best boards and gloves and booties and hoods."
Willis Bros., a company founded by professional surfers, says its revenue from selling equipment and giving lessons has soared in the past decade, a period that coincides with the rise of biotech in San Diego.
Toe dip required
Meanwhile, surfing has lost its beach-bum image and boards have become lighter, easing the entry of middle-aged professionals into the sport.
Surfing is woven into the culture of MoBioLabs Inc., a marketer of DNA test kits. A cracked surfboard is mounted on the wall behind Chief Executive Officer Marc Brolaski's desk, a memento of one particularly wild ride. Each year, employees who don't surf are required to at least put their toes in the water at the company's Beach Day.
Brolaski thinks surfing enhances his company's image - and the popular conception of scientists in general. "Not everyone who does science is a nerd, walking around with a pocket protector," he said.
Instead, this new breed of surfer walks around with a BlackBerry, checking for alerts from an online service that provides forecasts of local surfing conditions.
Back at 15th Street, Shawver and then Mackey made their way back to the parking lot after an hour of battling rough surf. Shawver had managed to catch two waves, but Mackey struggled.
"This is just like science," Shawver said. "You must be very persistent. You can have spectacular wipeouts followed by the high of your life. And you are always looking for the next one."
Denise Gellene writes for the Los Angeles Times.