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Wal-Mart veto falls


The Maryland General Assembly overrode Gov. Robert L. Ehrlich Jr.'s veto of a bill requiring Wal-Mart to pay more for employee health care yesterday, a measure that has sparked a nationwide debate over the level of benefits an employer should provide workers.

The so-called Fair Share Health Care Fund Act, the first of its kind to succeed in the nation, became a fight between organized labor and business, raising questions about to what extent government should intervene in private enterprise.

It now becomes law and a model for more than 30 other states, which are expected to take up similar legislation in the coming months. But it might have more immediate consequences in Maryland, where some leaders fear Wal-Mart will withdraw its plans to open a proposed distribution center that would, if built, bring nearly 1,000 new jobs to the Eastern Shore.

"Fair Share health care is going to sweep the nation," said Vincent DeMarco, president of the Maryland Citizens' Health Initiative, part of a coalition of labor unions, Wal-Mart competitors and others that pushed the bill through the legislature.

"This pro-business, pro-working families law makes sense, and the Maryland state legislature is taking the lead."

Wal-Mart officials were tracking the debate from the company's Bentonville, Ark., headquarters last night. Company spokeswoman Sarah Clark said the vote will do nothing to improve health care for Marylanders. The company will continue making its views known as similar legislation is debated in statehouses across the country and will work for what she said are "real solutions to the health care challenge."

"This vote was never about health care," she said. "This was about partisan politics."

Clark said the company has not decided about the distribution center but will be re-examining the project "through a different set of lenses."

Lobbying on the bill was fierce. Wal-Mart hired more than a dozen lobbyists, and advocates brought volunteers to Annapolis this week for rallies and meetings. But on the day of the vote, much of the jockeying disappeared as the override's likelihood for success appeared clearer.

Even Ehrlich, who has a track record of hard lobbying to stop overrides of major vetoes, appeared resigned to defeat on the Wal-Mart bill. For much of the day he was out of Annapolis announcing parts of his legislative agenda, including a plan to reduce Maryland's estate tax.

Before either chamber voted, he told a group of Prince George's County businessmen that the bill will hurt his efforts to bring business to the state.

"I just know when I walk into the boardroom of a business in the next 90 days, I will be asked by a CEO 'What does this mean for the business environment? Why should I bring my business to Maryland?' And I'm not going to have a good answer," he said.

He had no comment after the final vote on the Wal-Mart bill last night.

The law, which will take effect in 30 days, requires companies with more than 10,000 employees to spend at least 8 percent of their payroll on worker health care or pay the difference to a state medical assistance fund. Of the four companies of that size in Maryland, Wal-Mart is the only one that would be affected.

Proponents in the Senate and House argued that the bill establishes an important baseline for corporate responsibility in Maryland and prevents one of the state's largest employers from relying on public assistance programs to care for its employees. They said taxpayers and other businesses that do provide health care are effectively subsidizing the world's largest retailer by picking up the tab for its employees' uncompensated care at Maryland hospitals.

"Who pays? You guessed it. Your constituents, my constituents, other businesses, you and I," said Sen. Gloria G. Lawlah, a Prince George's County Democrat and the lead sponsor of the bill.

Foes of the legislation said it was the product of an unholy alliance between organized labor angry at its inability to organize the retailer's workers; Wal-Mart competitors in the retail industry, particularly Giant Foods; and advocates for universal health care. The result, they said, is a worsening of the state's business climate and the prospect that the measure will be expanded in the future to smaller businesses.

"It's the Bermuda Triangle of jobs," said Sen. E.J. Pipkin, an Eastern Shore Republican. "Jobs go in, and they don't come out."

Clark, the Wal-Mart spokeswoman, said more than three-quarters of company employees nationally have health insurance, and both full-time and part-time employees can become eligible for health coverage for as little as $23 a month. But critics say the company's plans often come with high deductibles and can be unaffordable for its low-wage employees.

The final vote in the House was 88-50. The Senate vote was 30-17, with all 14 Republican senators and three Democrats from conservative Anne Arundel County districts siding with the governor.

The three Democrats, Sens. John C. Astle, James E. DeGrange Sr. and Philip C. Jimeno, who are all targets of the Republican Party in this year's election, also voted against the measure last spring.

Jimeno said the AFL-CIO wrote him a letter saying it would not endorse him in the coming election if he voted against the override. He said he has received threats on other veto votes facing the Assembly.

"It's just been a mean-spirited group of individuals contacting our office," he said. "I guess they know it's an election year, and they think they can use it as a hammer to persuade us to vote accordingly."

More defeats for Ehrlich could be on the way. The Senate voted to override six other Ehrlich vetoes, and the House of Delegates overrode the governor on a $1-an-hour increase to the minimum wage. Each bill needs to be decided by the other chamber.

Additional overrides could occur when the House considers more of Ehrlich's vetoes in the coming days. The Wal-Mart bill, however, was voted on by both chambers in the 90-day session's second day.

The House voted 91-48 to override the minimum-wage veto. The override is also expected to succeed in the Senate, where it is scheduled to be considered Tuesday. Maryland would then join 17 other states that have enacted minimum-wage rates higher than the federal $5.15 an hour.

Opponents of the bill argued that it would place an undue burden on the state's small businesses. Proponents said it will help tens of thousands of Marylanders.

Sun reporters Kelly Brewington and Jennifer Skalka contributed to this article.


The Senate and House of Delegates voted to override Gov. Robert L. Ehrlich Jr.'s veto of legislation requiring Wal-Mart to pay more toward employee health care.


Voting to override the veto

Gwendolyn T. Britt, D-Prince George's

James Brochin, D-Baltimore County

Joan Carter Conway, D-Baltimore City

Ulysses Currie, D-Prince George's

George W. Della Jr., D-Baltimore City

Roy P. Dyson, D-St. Mary's

Nathaniel Exum, D-Prince George's

Jennie M. Forehand, D-Montgomery

Brian E. Frosh, D-Montgomery

Robert J. Garagiola, D-Montgomery

John A. Giannetti Jr., D-Prince George's

Lisa A. Gladden, D-Baltimore City

Leo E. Green, D-Prince George's

Sharon M. Grosfeld, D-Montgomery

Patrick J. Hogan, D-Montgomery

Paula C. Hollinger, D-Baltimore County

Ralph M. Hughes, D-Baltimore City

Verna L. Jones, D-Baltimore City

Edward J. Kasemeyer, D-Howard

Delores G. Kelley, D-Baltimore County

Katherine A. Klausmeier, D-Baltimore County

Rona E. Kramer, D-Montgomery

Gloria G. Lawlah, D-Prince George's

Nathaniel J. McFadden, D-Baltimore City

Thomas M. Middleton, D-Charles

Thomas V. Mike Miller, D-Prince George's

Paul G. Pinsky, D-Prince George's

Ida G. Ruben, D-Montgomery

Norman R. Stone Jr., D-Baltimore County

Leonard H. Teitelbaum, D-Montgomery

Voting to sustain the veto

John C. Astle, D-Anne Arundel

David R. Brinkley, R-Frederick

Richard F. Colburn, R-Dorchester

James E. DeGrange Sr., D-Anne Arundel

Janet Greenip, R-Anne Arundel

John J. Hafer, R-Allegany

Larry E. Haines, R-Carroll

Andrew P. Harris, R-Baltimore County

J. Robert Hooper, R-Harford

Nancy Jacobs, R-Harford

Philip C. Jimeno, D-Anne Arundel

Allan H. Kittleman, R-Howard

Alex X. Mooney, R-Frederick

Donald F. Munson, R-Washington

E.J. Pipkin, R-Queen Anne's

Sandra B. Schrader, R-Howard

J. Lowell Stoltzfus, R-Somerset


Voting to override the veto

Curtis S. Anderson,, D-Baltimore City

Charles E. Barkley, D-Montgomery

Kumar P. Barve, D-Montgomery

Joanne C. Benson, D-Prince George's

Elizabeth Bobo, D-Howard County

John L. Bohanan Jr., D-St. Mary's

Bennett Bozman, D-Worcester

Talmadge Branch, D-Baltimore City

William A. Bronrott, D-Montgomery

Anthony G. Brown, D-Prince George's

Emmett C. Burns Jr., D-Baltimore County

Michael E. Busch, D-Anne Arundel

Rudolph C. Cane, D-Wicomico County

Jon S. Cardin, D-Baltimore County

Jill P. Carter, D-Baltimore City

Galen R. Clagett, D-Frederick County

Virginia P. Clagett, D-Anne Arundel

Mary A. Conroy, D-Prince George's

Norman H. Conway, D-Wicomico County

Jean B. Cryor, R-Montgomery

Dereck E. Davis, D-Prince George's

John P. Donoghue, D-Washington

Ann Marie Doory, D-Baltimore City

Kathleen M. Dumais, D-Montgomery

Brian J. Feldman, D-Montgomery

Peter Franchot, D-Montgomery

Barbara Frush, D-Prince George's

Tawanna P. Gaines, D-Prince George's

Marilyn R. Goldwater, D-Montgomery

Marshall T. Goodwin, D-Baltimore City

Michael R. Gordon, D-Montgomery

Melony Ghee Griffith, D-Prince George's

Ana Sol Gutierrez, D-Montgomery

Peter A. Hammen, D-Baltimore City

Hattie N. Harrison, D-Baltimore City

Keith E. Haynes, D-Baltimore City

Anne Healey, D-Prince George's

Henry B. Heller, D-Montgomery

Sheila E. Hixson, D-Montgomery

Marvin E. Holmes Jr., D-Prince George's

Carolyn J.B. Howard, D-Prince George's

James W. Hubbard, D-Prince George's

Adrienne A. Jones, D-Baltimore County

Anne R. Kaiser, D-Montgomery

Darryl A. Kelley, D-Prince George's

Nancy J. King, D-Montgomery

Ruth M. Kirk, D-Baltimore City

Carolyn J. Krysiak, D-Baltimore City

Sue Kullen, D-Calvert

Jane E. Lawton, D-Montgomery

Susan C. Lee, D-Montgomery

Mary Ann Love, D-Anne Arundel

Richard S. Madaleno Jr., D-Montgomery

James E. Malone Jr., D-Baltimore County

Adrienne A. Mandel, D-Montgomery

Salima S. Marriott, D-Baltimore City

Brian K. McHale, D-Baltimore City

Maggie L. McIntosh, D-Baltimore City

Pauline H. Menes, D-Prince George's

Joseph J. "Sonny" Minnick, D-Baltimore County

Brian R. Moe, D-Prince George's

Karen S. Montgomery, D-Montgomery

Dan K. Morhaim, D-Baltimore County

Gareth E. Murray, D-Montgomery

Shirley Nathan-Pulliam, D-Baltimore County

Doyle L. Niemann, D-Prince George's

Nathaniel T. Oaks, D-Baltimore City

Jeffrey A. Paige, D-Baltimore City

Rosetta C. Parker, D-Prince George's

Obie Patterson, D-Prince George's

Shane E. Pendergrass, D-Howard County

Carol S. Petzold, D-Montgomery

James E. Proctor Jr., D-Prince George's

Catherine E. Pugh, D-Baltimore City

Neil F. Quinter, D-Howard County

Victor R. Ramirez, D-Prince George's

Samuel I. Rosenberg, D-Baltimore City

Justin D. Ross, D-Prince George's

David D. Rudolph, D-Cecil County

Luiz R.S. Simmons, D-Montgomery

Joan F. Stern, D-Montgomery

Herman L. Taylor II, D-Montgomery

Frank S. Turner, D-Howard County

Veronica L. Turner, D-Prince George's

Joseph F. Vallario Jr., D-Prince George's

Michael L. Vaughn, D-Prince George's

Michael H. Weir Jr., D-Baltimore County

Bobby A. Zirkin, D-Baltimore County

Voting to sustain the veto

John S. Arnick, D-Baltimore County

Susan L.M. Aumann, R-Baltimore County

Joseph R. Bartlett, R-Frederick

Gail H. Bates, R-Howard

David G. Boschert, R-Anne Arundel

Joseph C. Boteler III, R-Baltimore County

Joan Cadden, D-Anne Arundel

John W.E. Cluster Jr., R-Baltimore County

Robert A. Costa, R-Anne Arundel

Steven J. DeBoy Sr., D-Baltimore County

Donald H. Dwyer Jr., R-Anne Arundel

Adelaide C. Eckardt, R-Dorchester

George C. Edwards, R-Garrett

Donald B. Elliott, R-Carroll

D. Page Elmore, R-Somerset

William J. Frank, R-Baltimore County

Terry R. Gilleland Jr., R-Anne Arundel

Barry Glassman, R-Harford

Jeannie Haddaway, R-Talbot

Patrick N. Hogan, R-Frederick

Richard K. Impallaria, R-Baltimore County

Mary-Dulany James, D-Harford

Sally Y. Jameson, D-Charles

J.B. Jennings, R-Baltimore County

A. Wade Kach, R-Baltimore County

Kevin Kelly, D-Allegany

Sheryl L. Davis-Kohl, R-Harford

Susan W. Krebs, R-Carroll

John R. Leopold, R-Anne Arundel

Murray D. Levy, D-Charles

W. Daniel Mayer, R-Charles

Susan K. McComas, R-Harford

Tony McConkey, R-Anne Arundel

Patrick L. McDonough, R-Baltimore County

Robert A. McKee, R-Washington

Herbert H. McMillan, R-Anne Arundel

Warren E. Miller, R-Howard

LeRoy E. Myers Jr., R-Washington

Anthony J. O'Donnell, R-Calvert

Joanne S. Parrott, R-Harford

Christopher B. Shank, R-Washington

Tanya Thornton Shewell, R-Carroll

Michael D. Smigiel Sr., R-Cecil

Theodore J. Sophocleus, D-Anne Arundel

Richard A. Sossi, R-Queen Anne's

Nancy R. Stocksdale, R-Carroll

Paul S. Stull, R-Frederick

John G. Trueschler, R-Baltimore County

Mary Roe Walkup, R-Kent

John F. Wood Jr., D-St. Mary's

Not voting

Clarence Davis, D-Baltimore City

Excused from voting

Eric M. Bromwell, D-Baltimore County

Excused (absent)

Richard B. Weldon Jr., R-Frederick

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