Norman Vaughan, 100, who as a young man explored Antarctica and spent much of his life seeking adventure, died Friday at Providence Alaska Medical Center in Anchorage.
He joined Admiral Richard Byrd on his expedition to the South Pole in 1928 and 1930 as a dog handler and driver. Days before his 89th birthday, he and his wife, Carolyn Muegge-Vaughan, returned to Antarctica and climbed to the summit of 10,302-foot Mount Vaughan, the mountain Admiral Byrd named in his honor.
Mr. Vaughan's exploits included finishing the 1,100 mile-Iditarod Trail Sled Dog Race six times after age 70. At age 96, he carried the Olympic torch in Juneau, passing the flame from a wheelchair, 70 years after he competed in the Olympics as a sled dog racer.
Horace "Sally" Crouch, 87, a member of the Doolittle Raiders' bombing run over Japan during World War II, died Wednesday of complications from pneumonia in Columbia, S.C.
Lt. Col. Crouch was one of 80 airmen aboard 16 B-25 bombers that made the daylight raid over Japan on April 18, 1942. His death leaves 16 surviving Raiders. Crouch was awarded the Silver Star, the Distinguished Flying Cross and the Air Medal with an oak leaf cluster.
The Raiders, who took off from the aircraft carrier USS Hornet even though they were designed to take off from land, were led by famed aviator Jimmy Doolittle. They bombed Japanese military targets before crashing or bailing out over China. The raid was designed as payback for Pearl Harbor four months earlier. Many considered it a suicide mission.
Alan Shields, 61, whose radiantly colored, sewing-machine stitched, three-dimensional paintings gained him prominence in the New York art world of the 1970s, died Tuesday at his home on Shelter Island, N.Y. He was being treated for emphysema.
He burst on the New York scene in 1969, introducing a style of counterculture modernism that became so popular its sales supported the gallery for several years. By 1973, his work had appeared on the cover of Artforum and had been acquired by numerous major museums across the country.
His work combined expanses of gorgeous stained color, reminiscent of Helen Frankenthaler's canvases, with the humbler crafts and a gypsy sense of portability.
Swami Jagdishwaranand, 71, a prominent Hindu spiritual leader who was responsible for establishing several temples in New York City, died Dec. 15 at the Geeta Temple in Elmhurst, Queens.
One of the major centers of Hindu religious life in the metropolitan area, the Geeta Temple is among the oldest Hindu temples in the country. Swami Jagdishwaranand founded it in 1972.