Marvin Braude, 85, a former Los Angeles city councilman who authored a landmark indoor smoking ban that has become a model for cities nationwide, died Wednesday in Rancho Mirage, Calif., of complications from a broken leg.
Mr. Braude also fought for wilderness preservation and campaigned against urban sprawl and billboard blight during his 32 years on the City Council. But the former two-pack-a-day smoker might be best known nationally for his long campaign against secondhand smoke, which he viewed as air pollution.
"He started the whole thing. The very first legislation that he introduced was to ban smoking in elevators. Then he went on from there to incrementally extend the purview," a daughter, Ann Braude, said.
In 1973, Mr. Braude suggested that smoke-free zones be set up in bars, restaurants and theaters. Twenty years later, Los Angeles became, at the time, the largest city in the nation to ban all smoking inside restaurants.
One of his earliest political fights was a successful petition drive to prevent construction of a freeway in the Santa Monica Mountains near his home. Years later, he was instrumental in helping create a 50,000-acre public park in the Santa Monica Mountains. An avid bicyclist, he also pushed through a 19-mile beachside bicycle path.
He also won initiative battles in the 1980s to ban oil drilling off the entire city coastline and to restrict development in about three-quarters of the city.