James Forman, 76, a civil rights pioneer credited with organizing the Student Nonviolent Coordinating Committee, died Monday of colon cancer at a hospice in Washington.
He was a native of Chicago who grew up in Mississippi. He participated in the "Freedom Rides" in which blacks rode across the South as a way to make sure buses were integrated as ordered by the courts. He used his post as executive secretary of the Student Nonviolent Coordinating Committee from 1961 to 1966 to strengthen the resolve of civil rights protesters and seek slavery reparations for blacks.
Rep. John Lewis of Georgia, who was the coordinating committee's chairman at that time, said Mr. Forman "was the glue that held the young people together during the most abrupt time of the civil rights movement."
Thelma White, 94, whose portrayal of a hard-boiled addiction queen in the 1936 movie Reefer Madness was largely forgotten until the 1970s, when the film resurfaced as a cult classic, died of pneumonia Tuesday in Los Angeles.
She was a carnival performer as a toddler, progressed to vaudeville, radio and movies, then worked as an agent and producer for many years. During her heyday as an actress, she appeared alongside such legendary performers as W.C. Fields, Will Rogers, Red Skelton and Jack Benny.
Reefer Madness was a low-budget propaganda film written by a religious group to broadcast the dangers of marijuana. It was relegated to the cinema waste heap for almost 40 years until 1972, when Keith Stroup, founder of the National Organization for Reform of Marijuana Laws discovered it in the Library of Congress archives and screened it in New York as a benefit for NORML, unwittingly launching it on the road to cult-film history.
Garrard Smock Jr., 86, member of a clan of Pullman porters dating to the turn of the last century and a symbol of the vanished age of luxury trains, died of pneumonia Jan. 8 in Glendale, Calif.
Known as "Babe," he traveled on such legendary trains as the 20th Century Limited and served the likes of President Franklin D. Roosevelt during a career spanning nearly a quarter-century.
His father and two brothers already were working for the Pullman Co. when he became a porter in 1937 at the age of 18. At one point the family worked together on the Lark, a first-class Southern Pacific train running from Los Angeles to San Francisco. That was considered unusual enough to land them in Ripley's Believe It or Not.
A photograph of Mr. Smock, his father, Garrard Smock Sr. and brothers, Virgil and George, in uniform was on the cover of a book by Larry Tye published last year called Rising From the Rails: Pullman Porters and the Making of the Black Middle Class.
Robert Heilbroner, 85, an economist and the author of the best-selling book The Worldly Philosophers: The Lives, Times and Ideas of the Great Economic Thinkers, died Jan. 4 in New York City of a stroke after a three-year bout with Lewy body disease, a brain disease similar to Alzheimer's.
He was a professor emeritus at the Graduate Faculty of Political and Social Science division of the New School University, where he spent his career.
The Worldly Philosophers, first published in 1953, provides a history of world economists from Adam Smith to John Maynard Keynes. He graduated from Harvard University in 1940 and briefly worked in the federal Office of Price Administration before serving in the Army during World War II. He then began studying at the New School while working as a free-lance writer and earned a doctorate in economics for his book The Making of Economic Society. He wrote more than 20 other books.
Jimmy Griffin, 61, a founder of the soft-rock group Bread who helped write the Oscar-winning song "For All We Know," died Tuesday of complications of cancer at his home in Franklin, Tenn.
He won an Academy Award for best song for co-writing the Carpenters' hit "For All We Know" for the movie Lovers and Other Strangers. He also wrote country hits, including Conway Twitty's "Who's Gonna Know" and Restless Heart's "You Can Depend On Me."
Mr. Griffin did not sing lead vocals on most of Bread's singles - that slot was occupied by David Gates - but his harmony vocals and guitar work were crucial elements in the band's soft rock success. Their hits included "Make It With You," "Baby I'm-A Want You" and "Everything I Own." In the 1980s, he formed Black Tie with ex-Eagle Randy Meisner, and he became a staple on the Nashville scene in the early 1990s with a band called the Remingtons.
Jay Schulberg, 65, the advertising executive who made milk hip by putting creamy mustaches on the famous and beautiful, died Wednesday of pancreatic cancer in Doylestown, Pa.
As creative head of Ogilvy & Mather in New York, and later as chief creative officer of Bozell Worldwide, Mr. Schulberg devised some of the most familiar campaigns in the country. To sell American Express travelers checks in the 1970s, he hired a fedora-wearing Karl Malden, then playing a detective on television, to intone: "Don't leave home without it." He declared that the worst headaches are "Excedrin headaches." He also had a grandfatherly figure introduce Country Time Lemonade by promising that it tastes just like "good old-fashioned lemonade."
In 1994, the nation's milk processors hired Bozell to persuade people to drink their milk. The firm hired Annie Leibovitz to photograph Naomi Campbell, Lauren Bacall and others.