79, the author of popular children's books including The Wolves of Willoughby Chase, The Whispering Mountain and The Winter Sleepwalker, died Sunday in London, her family said yesterday.
Born in Rye, southern England, to the American poet Conrad Aiken and his Canadian wife, Jessie McDonald, Ms. Aiken was educated at home until the age of 12. At age 16, she completed the manuscript of her first novel while at boarding school.
Ms. Aiken sent her last manuscript, The Witch of Clatteringshaws, to her publishers just days before her death.
Elizabeth Pfohl Campbell,
101, who founded WETA-TV, the first Public Broadcasting Service station for the nation's capital, died yesterday in Washington, the station said. Ms. Campbell was known as a champion of the Washington region's educational as well as cultural life.
In 1961, she took on the responsibility for assembling the documents that led the Federal Communications Commission to grant WETA the license for the capital area's first public television station. The station went on the air Oct. 2, 1961, with inaugural programming that included a message from President John F. Kennedy.
Etta Moten Barnett,
102, a pioneering black actress and singer who sang at the White House and appeared with Fred Astaire and Ginger Rogers in Flying Down to Rio, died in Chicago on Jan. 2 of pancreatic cancer.
She moved to New York City in her 30s and quickly landed a spot singing with the Eva Jessye Choir. The lead in the Broadway show Zombie followed.
In the 1933 film Flying Down to Rio, Ms. Barnett was cast as a Brazilian entertainer who sang "The Carioca" while Astaire and Rogers danced. The song was nominated for an Academy Award as best song. In 1942, she appeared as Bess in Porgy and Bess on Broadway and then toured with the show until 1945. Her voice strained, she gave her last formal concert in 1952.
Arthur R. von Hippel,
105, a scientist who made critical contributions to the development of radar and was a pioneer in the study of materials science, died Wednesday of complications from the flu.
Mr. von Hippel, who founded the Laboratory for Insulation Research at the Massachusetts Institute of Technology, was one of the first to study the relatively new field of molecular structure of materials. In 1976, the Materials Research Society established an award in his name as its highest honor.
Born in Rostock, Germany, he studied physics. He left in 1933 after Hitler rose to power and worked in Copenhagen at the Niels Bohr Institute before he joined MIT's faculty.