No time to lose in Iraq

WASHINGTON — WASHINGTON - I was stopped the other day at the U.S. Army checkpoint on the July 14 Bridge in the heart of Baghdad and told by the sergeant on duty that I didn't have the proper ID to enter the U.S. compound, which clogs the heart of the capital.

So I called the U.S. Army officer I had an appointment with, and he offered to drive out to escort me in. To make certain he found me, I asked the sergeant who was running the checkpoint to take the phone and tell the officer exactly where we were standing. "Sir," the sergeant said, "we're on the enemy side of the July 14 Bridge."


"Hmm," I thought to myself, "the 'enemy side' of the July 14 Bridge? He's referring to Baghdad outside the walls of the U.S. compound."

I couldn't blame the sergeant for having that impression. The bad guys in Iraq have been gaining so much momentum in recent days - with their attacks on pipelines, U.S. forces and the U.N. headquarters - that they are steadily eroding the sense of partnership between U.S. forces and the Iraqi people.


The mounting attacks are forcing U.S. troops in Iraq to crouch more and more behind their own barricades, to mistrust more and more Iraqis, and to put up more and more roadblocks. There is now a huge cement wall being built around part of the U.S. compound in central Baghdad that is a carbon copy of the wall Israel is building in the West Bank.

The same is happening on the Iraqi side. The Pentagon, with its insistence on doing nation-building in Iraq on the cheap, has been too slow in forming a provisional Iraqi government, too slow in getting the electricity on, too slow in turning security over to Iraqis.

As a result, while most Iraqis are happy to be rid of Saddam Hussein, too many feel that their lives are tangibly worse in every other respect - jobs, electricity, road blocks - because of the U.S. presence.

"Saddam was paranoid, but he kept the streets open - you're closing all the arteries," Muhammad Kadhim, a Baghdad professor, said to me.

Everyone has advice now for the United States: Bring in U.N. peacekeepers, bring in the French. They're all wrong. There are only two things we need: more Americans out back and more Iraqis out front.

President Bush needs to give the U.S. administrator, L. Paul Bremer III, more resources to get basic services here running and Iraqis in charge as fast as we can. This is not Germany 1945. America is much more radioactive in this region. We don't have infinite time.

Which is also why we need Iraqis out front - fast. They need to be seen to be solving their own problems. They need to be manning the checkpoints because only they know who the good guys and bad guys are, and they need to be increasingly running the show so attacks on Iraq's infrastructure are seen and understood as attacks on Iraqis, not on us.

And, most important, we need them out front because the Iraqi silent majority is our only potential friend in this whole neighborhood. Everyone else wants America to fail. But we have not empowered that Iraqi silent majority enough, and it has been too timid and divided to step forward yet.


"The Iraqi people are the only ones in the area who have an interest in your success," said Masrour Barzani, the security chief for the Kurdistan Democratic Party, a real friend of America's. "But you have not allowed that friendship to emerge."

It can only emerge if America gets the basics right - water, jobs and electricity - and lets Iraqis run things faster. "Let [Iraqis] take the credit; let them take the blame," Mr. Barzani said. "We need Iraqis to face their own problems and each other, and right now you're in the way."

I heard a similar message just a few days ago from Sergio Vieira de Mello, the chief U.N. officer in Baghdad, who was killed in Tuesday's bombing. We met over Lebanese beer and pistachios at his hotel, and he told me how much he believed that Iraqis could build a different Iraq, if they were given half a chance. Like me, he was a congenital optimist, who believed in people's better angels. His senseless death is heartbreaking.

It's also a challenge. Whoever blew up the U.N. office in Baghdad was trying to blow up Iraq's future. Yes, America must work harder now and devolve more power to Iraqis faster. But when all is said and done, only Iraqis can rescue this place.

Only they can show us whether the diverse communities that make up this nation can rule themselves and take on their evil angels within.

Only they can prove whether Iraqis are a nation with a collective will to be free and united.


Only they can really tell us the true identity of the people on the other side of the July 14 Bridge.

Thomas L. Friedman is a columnist for The New York Times. His column appears Tuesdays and Thursdays in The Sun.