Deaths Elsewhere

Redd Stewart, the country music singer, fiddler, banjo player and guitarist who wrote the lyrics for "Tennessee Waltz" on a matchbox cover, died Sunday in St. Matthews, Ky., from head injuries suffered in a fall several years ago. He was said to be 80.

The singer and fiddler with Pee Wee King's Golden West Cowboys was riding with his boss in 1946 when they heard Bill Monroe's "Kentucky Waltz" on the radio. It was too bad, they agreed, that Tennessee -- where they had worked on the Grand Ole Opry -- lacked a similar anthem.


Mr. Stewart tore apart a matchbox and started scribbling lyrics:

I was dancin' with my darlin' to the Tennessee Waltz


When an old friend I happened to see

I introduced her to my loved one

And while they were dancin'

My friend stole my sweetheart from me.

He fitted them to Mr. King's melody, which he had called "No Name Waltz." They recorded the song in 1948, as did the Cowboy Copas and Roy Acuff.

But it was Patti Page's 1950 recording that waltzed the song to No. 1 on the pop chart and the top 3 on the country chart. Her version initially sold more than 3 million records and has since sold millions more.

Mr. Stewart and Mr. King, sometimes in collaboration with Chilton Price, also wrote "Bonaparte's Retreat," "Slow Poke" and "You Belong to Me."

Dr. Frederick C. Robbins, 86, whose work in polio research with two colleagues at Children's Hospital in Boston won them the 1954 Nobel Prize in medicine, died of heart failure Monday in Cleveland.


Though only a medical resident in pediatrics at the time, Dr. Robbins helped the team develop a technique for culturing the polio virus outside a living organism. It enabled researchers to grow viruses in bulk, leading to vaccines for polio, measles and German measles.

Starting in the late 1940s, Drs. Robbins, John Enders and Thomas Weller sought ways to grow the polio virus in cultures of different tissues. Their final method -- incubating monkey tissue in a flask with nutrient fluid that is frequently replaced -- led to the breakthrough anti-polio vaccines of Drs. Jonas Salk and Albert Sabin.