It's the preacher vs. the slots, again


It's been 40 years since the Rev. Andrew Gunn knocked on doors to speak against gambling in Maryland, and he's noticing how things have changed.

Some for the better: The essay about the evils of slots that he handed out to lawmakers in Annapolis last week took only minutes to duplicate, a great relief from the days when making copies on the mimeograph machine in his church basement drove him crazy.

Some for the worse: To call on politicians in both the Senate and House buildings, he had to spend a big chunk of his day waiting to pass through security.

You can't win. And that is also the sum of the argument he's making as he knocks on the doors of state delegates and senators to discuss his opposition to slot machines.

Andrew Gunn knows all about them. As a young Methodist minister in Charles County in 1958, he watched a woman pass by the one-armed bandits in the food store and return some cans of food to the shelves so she could drop a few more quarters into the machines. He wanted to weep.

He counseled families affected by divorce, alcoholism, drugs and the brothels on U.S. 301 and complained loudly about it to local officials until one evening, when he stopped by High's as usual to pick up milk -- his five children were young then -- a man pulled up behind him and stuck something in his ribs and warned him to leave Charles County.

Back then, he says, he had the advantage of being young and stupid. After he realized that local lawmakers and sheriffs depended for their salaries on the slots industry, the first telephone call he made to try to close down the industry was to the governor.

Ultimately Gunn and his supporters were successful in getting rid of slots from Charles and three other Maryland counties.

Now 72 and living in Germantown, he has pledged to wage a similarly tenacious battle. Legalized theft, he calls slots, explaining that the machines are fixed to give owners 70 to 90 percent of the take.

His is also the moral argument, the one to add to practical issues like whether slots can or should solve a budget deficit and whether they have a social or economic cost.

"For a lot of these politicians," he says, "it's just a game. But it's going to hurt an awful lot of human beings."

So far he has spent five full days calling on lawmakers. He started with his own district, Montgomery County, whose delegates are largely opposed to slots.

Isn't this a little like preaching to the choir?

Not exactly, he says.

The fact is, some people in his district are on the fence. He is on the way right now to see some.

Dressed in a cozy wool sweater and sport coat, with his gray hair, silver glasses, khaki raincoat over one arm, navy briefcase in the hand, and enough papers with names and numbers in his pocket to confuse him, Gunn doesn't appear to be anyone who would cause trouble, except perhaps in the pulpit.

But at a strategy meeting of like-minded people earlier in the day, he gave this piece of advice: Don't act like a gentleman.

"Sweet and nice is fine," he says. "But when I start speaking to someone earnestly, they listen to me."

He has heard that Sen. Patrick J. Hogan, a Democrat, may be taking a position in favor of slots, and he heads to the senator's office to convince him it would be the wrong thing to do.

"My main objective will be to look him in the eye and say slots are a real bad thing" -- and delegates who vote for them will be held accountable, Gunn tells Hogan's assistant.

The senator is stuck on the Senate floor, and after leaving his card, Gunn heads off to see another senator.

"The people in his district are madder than hell," he warns an aide to Sen. Rob Garagiola, "and of course, as a new senator, he'll be closely watched."

Back on the House side, he arrives at the office of Del. Sheila Hixon, the Ways and Means chair, just in time to see her running out to meet Del. Pete Rawlings, the Appropriations chair. She tells Gunn she looks forward to his testimony before her committee.

The minister believes Hixon is waffling. She is with the Speaker of the House, Michael Busch, in opposing slots, he says, but she also has her own plan.

"We're going to need her," he says. "She's important."

With the Senate still in session and Gunn's stomach growling, he decides to stop for lunch. Quickly he retrieves a peanut butter-on-whole-wheat sandwich from his car. Inside are also some chocolate Kisses, packed by his wife. Married three years ago for the second time, he is still on his honeymoon, he says. His first wife died of cancer.

Over lunch he recalls the long ago time, back when he was a pastor in Southern Maryland, in rural and poor Indian Head. At one point, there was a $20,000 price on his head, he says. The inability to crack the local establishment led him to try for a statewide law against slots.

The first thing he did was to approach then-Gov. J. Millard Tawes because Tawes, like Gunn, was a Methodist, and gambling was forbidden by Methodists' social creed. "I thought he'd be on our side," Gunn said.

But the governor decided it was a local matter -- until somebody challenged him in a primary election and got 26 percent of the vote. When the legislature passed a bill to outlaw slots in 1963, Tawes signed it.

"Now we have another Methodist in the governor's mansion," Gunn says.

Gunn is not planning to call him. The governor, Robert L. Ehrlich Jr., is the chief proponent of slots. Ehrlich hopes slots will provide the new revenue necessary to balance the state budget.

Coincidentally, the governor recently joined a church run by Gunn's friend, Byron Brought, pastor of Calvary United Methodist in Annapolis, who adamantly opposes slots. Brought has preached against them in several sermons, and many other United Methodist ministers, including Gunn, will take up the topic this Sunday by special request of their bishop.

Meanwhile, Gunn thinks he might have persuaded two Republican senators, neither of whom he'll name, to vote against slots. Some people are very conflicted, in their hearts agreeing with Gunn but, being members of the governor's party, Republican, wanting to support the governor.

"That is the problem," he says. "Where is the ethical and moral fiber?"

At the suggestion of an anti-slots delegate, the minister decides to offer moral support and "a pat on the back" to House Speaker Busch, who is leading the opposition and who represents Anne Arundel County, one of the counties where slots were outlawed in 1963. Predictably, the line to see the speaker was out the door, so Gunn offered his services to an aide and left his telephone number.

He moves over to the Senate side. For the second time, he narrowly misses an appointment with Don Munson, a Republican senator he knows from his days as a minister in Hagerstown, where he moved after Charles County. Gunn marvels at the beauty of the Miller Senate Office Building. It is nothing like the place where he stood decades earlier to "pray for an end to one-armed bandits."

"They've really fixed this place up in 40 years," he says.

One thing hasn't changed at all in Annapolis: the scarcity of parking even when the streets aren't covered in snow.

On this sleeting, misty day, Gunn has parked for five hours at the Post Office, which has a 15-minute limit and an ominous sign advertising where violators may pick up towed cars. When Gunn spots his car where he left it, he can't help but smile.

"I am a man of faith."

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