The state's transportation network - all but shut down for the past two days - is expected to hobble back toward normal today, as officials plan on resuming flights at area airports and returning buses and trains to limited service.
After canceling about 700 flights yesterday, officials at Baltimore-Washington International Airport plan to put some planes in the air today. Buses and light rail could be back in service by the afternoon, but the subway will not run at all, officials said.
By midday yesterday, snow plows finally gave way to salt trucks on major highways as the blacktop at last became visible, but officials said they would not be able to reach secondary streets until tonight or tomorrow. They urged those who could stay home today to do so.
"It's not reasonable to expect that Tuesday will be a normal day," said Robert L. Flanagan, the governor's nominee for transportation secretary. "We are still in the throes of a very, very severe challenge. It's going to take us beyond [today] to get back to close to normal."
About 2,100 pieces of snow-removal equipment were on the roads yesterday, with crews working around the clock. They stopped only for sandwiches and catnaps.
By late afternoon, major highways had at least one lane down to the blacktop - a significant improvement over the morning, when stretches of even the Baltimore Beltway were slick and snow-covered.
"We're definitely seeing some progress, and we're very pleased to be able to get ahead of it - finally," said State Highway Administration spokeswoman Valerie Burnette Edgar.
The Maryland Transit Administration kept its buses and trains off the roads and rails again yesterday. MARC trains to Washington are again canceled for today. And officials warned it could be days before buses return to side streets.
At BWI, the terminal was all but deserted yesterday. About 150 people who spent Sunday night in the airport were given pillows and blankets. Officials hoped to get a few flights out by last night, but they said that was far from certain.
Likewise, Reagan National Airport was closed yesterday with plans to reopen at 7 a.m. today. Dulles International had two runways open by noon yesterday and operated about 100 flights out of a typical 1,200.
"This was a once-in-a-lifetime storm," Flanagan said. "Hopefully."
The State Highway Administration tab for snow removal for this storm alone stands at $30 million - and that's on top of $35 million the agency had already spent this season.
Baltimore's transportation office put the storm's cost at more than $1 million. Both agencies expect to receive federal assistance.
By the time the snow stopped yesterday, it was clear snow-removal efforts were paying off. Traffic gingerly made its way along the city's main north-south streets, St. Paul and Calvert. The biggest hazards to navigation were pedestrians in the middle of the road, making their way to and from food stores or frolicking in the drifts.
Red lights were ignored as many drivers concerned about getting stuck gave cursory glances left and right at main intersections before continuing.
Airport snow removal
At BWI, the airport's fleet of snow equipment lined up early on the runways, looking like a mechanical chorus line as the machines kicked up plumes of snow.
"This isn't as simple as pushing snow to the side of a street," said the airport's executive director, Paul Wiedefeld.
The lights that line the main runway, which stretches 10,500 feet long and 200 feet across, are a particular challenge. The snow can't be pushed to the side because the outer lights are about 24 inches off the ground, and blowers are used instead. Surface lights in the middle of the runway require sweepers as well.
"You have to be able to see every single light," Wiedefeld said.
Snow on the ramps leading to the terminal is hauled away by front loaders and dump trucks. "It's literally a whole platoon," Wiedefeld said. "Slowly, over the next few days, things will return to normal. We can't say exactly when."
Inside the airport, hundreds of people showed up yesterday to join those who spent the night. They knew planes weren't flying but wanted to arrange to leave today or tomorrow.
Donald Delsignore was determined to get to Florida. The 25-year-old Parkville man has been at the airport since 3 a.m. Sunday. "When I came to the airport, I was trying to beat the storm," he said. "Now, all I want is a shower."
If he doesn't make a flight to Orlando today, he said, he'll go home and settle for sledding instead of surfing.
Trouble with buses
Meanwhile, some transit riders complained that when the MTA shut down bus service at 9:30 a.m. Sunday, they had trouble getting home.
"Quite a number of people were stranded by the sudden decision to shut down immediately on Sunday morning," said Leo Burroughs Jr., president of the Transit Riders Action Coalition. He was one of them.
Burroughs took a bus from his Randallstown home to a grocery store at 8:15 a.m. on Sunday, bought three bags of groceries and went back the bus stop on Liberty Road.
"I went out thinking that since the bus had deposited me, I could get back on," Burroughs said. He eventually walked home through the driving snow, after another stranded rider told him service had been suspended. The hike took 35 minutes.
He said the MTA should have given riders at least two hours' notice before the shutdown. But MTA Administrator Robert Smith said yesterday that conditions were deteriorating so rapidly there was not time for advance warning. But, he said, "That's something we need to take a look at."
While most everyone else was shut down, Amtrak was up and running. The railroad operated 90 percent of its scheduled trains over the past two days in the Northeast Corridor, and they were packed.
"You can't drive anywhere. You can't fly anywhere," railroad spokesman Dan Stessel said yesterday. "If you need to get out of town, this is your option."
Amtrak maintenance crews continuously checked the rails, making sure the switches that transfer trains from one track to another weren't frozen. And empty trains ran overnight to keep the tracks clear of snow.
At Baltimore's Penn Station, weary travelers celebrated the end of their exhausting odysseys, while others wondered when theirs would be over.
Dozens of airline passengers whose flights were diverted from BWI to Newark, N.J., or New York rode the rails home to Baltimore. Less lucky were those stuck at the station because they were headed farther south; trains below Washington were canceled because of poor track conditions.
Towson resident Dorothy Graul stood at the station in late morning wearing a white terry cloth robe over her clothes.
Graul, husband Dennis and another couple were returning from a week at St. Barth in the Caribbean. Since they expected to be picked up at BWI, she left her coat at home. But then their flight wound up landing in Newark on Sunday night, which is how she wound up wearing the robe that advertised the island's Lafayette Club.
"When I'm cold," she said, "I will do a lot of things."
Sharon Simmons had a less happy story. "I'm stranded, I'm stuck," she said. Simmons was trying to get home to Hampton, Va., and the Newport News-bound train that would have been perfect had been canceled.
Simmons originally planned to fly from BWI to Norfolk, Va., after returning from a trip to the Caribbean. Her flight went to Newark, though, and by midday yesterday she had gotten as far as Baltimore.
For others, Baltimore was their destination. New York jewelry maker Amy Lapierre took a fishtailing cab from her Brooklyn home to New York's Penn Station so she could make it here for the American Craft Council's winter show.
Michelle Willner, a 17-year-old from Danbury, Conn., and her mother rode a packed Amtrak train from Stamford, Conn. She had voice auditions yesterday at the Peabody Conservatory. "It was like the New York subway," Michelle said of the train.
Stranded motorists and truckers commiserated yesterday at the Baltimore Travel Center off Interstate 95. The unplowed parking lot snared trucks from as far as Washington state, Texas and Georgia.
For Maribel Enciso and Servando Sanchez,who were caught in the storm while visiting the Inner Harbor from Atlantic City, N.J., an early-morning fire alarm at the travel center's Rodeway Inn could do nothing to disrupt the intimacy they found in the inn's diner.
"I just want to get home to get back to school tomorrow," Enciso, 23, said.
"I have to get back to work," Sanchez, 27, added. For yesterday, they were happy just to be in each others' arms.
Sun staff writers Scott Calvert, Doug Donovan and Bill Ordine contributed to this article.