Dr. William F. Gibson, 69, a civil...


Dr. William F. Gibson, 69, a civil rights leader and former chairman of the NAACP, died Thursday in Greenville, S.C. The cause was not disclosed.

"He had a passion for social justice," said the Rev. Jesse L. Jackson, who worked with him in Greenville. "No one in our state registered more voters and raised more issues of social justice than Dr. Gibson."

Dr. Gibson, a dentist, ran South Carolina's National Association for the Advancement of Colored People for 18 years before being elected chairman of the national board in 1985. His 10-year term as chairman was marred by allegations he misspent funds. He was ousted by one vote in 1995 amid complaints about declining membership and corporate donations.

Hugo Banzer, 75, a one-time dictator who led Bolivia to democracy and helped wipe out cocaine production, died of a heart attack there yesterday.

The two-time president, who was forced by cancer to resign from office in August, is said by supporters to have done more to strengthen Bolivian democracy than any of his predecessors and his efforts to sharply reduce coca cultivation won him praise in Washington.

Critics contend that he never lost his authoritarian streak, continuing to flout human rights and failing to help the Andean nation's poor, Indian majority even as an elected leader.

Mr. Banzer overcame 13 coup attempts while he was dictator from 1971 to 1978.

Paul W. Klipsch, 98, who pioneered high-quality audio systems with the company he founded, died yesterday in Little Rock, Ark.

An engineer with patents in acoustics, ballistics and geophysics, Mr. Klipsch founded the company that bears his name in 1946 in Hope, Ark.

Mr. Klipsch created a corner, horn-loaded speaker design that is still in production. The sound moves from the speaker and uses the walls of the room to effectively extend the horn, creating a rich sound that can emulate an orchestral setting.

Born in Elkhart, Ind., in 1904, Mr. Klipsch was stationed at Southwestern Proving Ground in Hope during World War II. While in the Army, he worked to refine the design of his folded corner woofer, the prototype of the "Klipschorn."

He settled in Hope, where, after the war, he bought a building at the old proving grounds and manufactured his first Klipschorn. The building is now the Klipsch Museum of Audio History.

Klipsch Audio Technologies, now headquartered in Indianapolis, makes specialty speakers for the home, including systems for computers and commercial outlets, such as cinemas and the Hard Rock Cafe chain.

Roy Schatt, 92, a photographer who became famous for his pictures of film icon James Dean, died Saturday in New York City of congestive heart failure.

Mr. Schatt began his career as an illustrator working for government agencies during the Roosevelt administration in the early 1930s.

Influenced by Eric Saloman's pioneering work in 35 mm, available-light photography, he turned photography from a hobby into a new career.

During World War II, he served with the Army special services in India, writing and drawing for military publications while producing and acting in shows for U.S. troops.

But after the war, Mr. Schatt returned to photography, first at the Circle in the Square Theatre and later at the Actors Studio, where director Lee Strasberg gave him a free hand to shoot performers on stage. Mr. Schatt photographed Marilyn Monroe, Paul Newman, Eli Wallach, Grace Kelly, Rod Steiger, Patricia Neal, Shelley Winters, Joanne Woodward and others.

Photo sessions with the mercurial Mr. Dean in 1954 led to Mr. Schatt becoming Mr. Dean's tutor in photography, a year before the young actor was killed in a California car crash.

Their friendship was described in the 1982 book James Dean: A Portrait, containing about 100 pictures of Mr. Dean, including Mr. Schatt's familiar images known as the "torn sweater" series, depicting the actor's moody manner.

Ade Bethune, 88, an artist closely identified with the Catholic Worker Movement, died Wednesday at Harbor House, the Carmelite convent in Newport, R.I.

Ms. Bethune's drawings of hardworking saints in overalls and house dresses appeared in the newspaper of the Catholic Worker, the social justice cause co-founded by Dorothy Day and Peter Maurin in 1933 in New York City.

Her rendering of Jesus carrying a cross -- accompanied by a modern Madonna with a baby on her back and a black man wielding a pickax -- has been the Catholic Worker newspaper's flag since 1938.

Ms. Bethune was born in an aristocratic family in Schaerbeek, Belgium, and immigrated to the United States in 1928.

Siegbert Freiberg, 75, who was perhaps the first Holocaust survivor to talk about his experience in English on American radio, died April 20 of congestive heart disease at his home in Queens, N.Y., said his wife, Herta.

Mr. Freiberg, who escaped being sent to Auschwitz, was featured on a New York radio program July 6, 1947, during which he was reunited with his father, Max, who thought his son had been killed.

The program, called Reunion, is to be rebroadcast May 21 on National Public Radio.

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