FROM THE SUN, VOL. LVII -- NO. 8, BALTIMORE, THURSDAY MORNING, MAY 25, 1865 [PRICE TWO CENTS.]
THE GRAND REVIEW.
March of Gen. Sherman's Army Through the National Capital.
Yesterday the grand Army of Tennessee and Georgia, under Major General Sherman, made its triumphant parade through the streets of Washington city, and was reviewed by the President and Lieut. Gen. Grant, The ceremonies were similar to those of the previous day, when the Army of the Potomac was reviewed. From the Washington Republican and Star of last evening we make up the following account of the parade and review.
At nine o'clock, a signal gun, fired by the leading battery, announced the advance of the armies, which passed around the Capitol, down on to the avenue, and up towards the brilliant square occupied by the President and General Grant, and surrounded by the wisdom, beauty, and fashion of the nation.
The Scene in Front of the President's Mansion.
When the head of Gen. Sherman's column wheeled into Pennsylvania avenue from Fifteenth street, the great multitude of people thronging the sidewalks to the main stand of the reviewing officers sent up a shout of welcome that made the welkin ring and the general's heart leap. Upon arriving in front of Major General Augur's headquarters General Sherman removed his hat, rode near the building and bowed very low to some person sitting at one of the second story windows. The thousands who gazed at this unusual demonstration of respect, and wondered to whom it was given, will be glad to know that the recipient was no less a personage than the Hon. William H. Seward, Secretary of State, who was reviewing the parade, accompanied by several members of his family and Major General Barnes, surgeon general of the army.
The enthusiasm increased as Gen. Sherman drew near the Presidential stand. He "came up with the light of battle on his face," his head uncovered, his eyes fixed upon the Commander and General-in-Chief, Johnson and Grant, who stood together. His charger was decked with the choicest flowers and wreaths, plucked and wrought by the fair hands of brave ladies. The animal seemed to be inspired with the spirit of the occasion, and bore the conqueror most gracefully, bowing its fine head to the Presidential stand, thus displaying an elegant mane, champing its bit, and pawing the ground with as much precision as if he was trying to "take step to the music of the Union."
After passing the main stand, Gen. Sherman dismounted and joined the reviewing party. Upon arriving at the stand he approached the president, and after a conversation with him, shook hands with General Grant and several others, and then became seated.
Gen. Howard and Suite.
By the side of General Sherman rode General Howard, lately commander of the Army of the Tennessee, with his right sleeve empty; followed by the general staff and escort, consisting of the 1st Michigan Engineers and 1st Missouri Engineers, Col. J. B. Yates, commanding. Then followed Major General John A. Logan, commanding the Army of the Tennessee, and staff, and the 15th Army Corps and the 17th Army Corps, Major General F. P. Blair, commanding.
Next came the Army of Georgia, led by its able commander, Major Gen. Slocum, who has fought from the first Bull through the Peninsula campaign, and all the way ground from Mississippi via Atlanta and Savannah to Goldsboro'. The General received quite an ovation as he rode at the head of his command, his many Washington friends as well as Pennsylvanians, cheering him at numberless points on the route. The General was also one of those who received a tribute from the ladies in the shape of a handsome bouquet.
The Army of Georgia is composed of the Twentieth Corps, Major Gen. J. A. Mower, commanding, and the Fourteenth Corps, Brevet Major General J. C. Davis, commanding. The officers of the various commands bore themselves as if they felt that they "had done the State some service, and they knew it."
Along the Line.
The crowds of persons on the housetops, in the windows, and on the sidewalk greeted the column as it passed with waving handerkerchiefs, flags and deafening cheers. Bouquets were thrown to the men as they passed. As a regiment would pass with its tattered battle-flags the most deafening cheers would be given by the vast multitude.
Appearance of Sherman's Heroes.
Although they have but just arrived from their toilsome campaign in the South, Sherman's men appeared in good trim. It was generally remarked that they had displayed a fine physique, and had apparently profited from their foraging among the fat turkies of Georgia. Their faces were finely bronzed, and they marched with a firm, elastic step. So promptly were their movements executed, that the column had passed the reviewing stand about 4 o'clock P.M.
Incidents of the Parade.
After the Second Division of the Twentieth Corps there followed a large number of pack horses and mules, preceded by two contraband boys riding diminutive white donkeys, the appearance of which was greeted with shouts of laughter. This portion of the procession was a part of the celebrated flying transportation department of Sherman's army. Mounted upon some of the mules were a number of chicken cocks and some hens, while two or three cows and several goats and dogs were also in the line. Among other animals was a mule which was brought from jeff Davis' plantation.
Every officer who wore an empty sleeve, or showed that he had been wounded, was heartily cheered by the crowds lining the sidewalk. The gallant Major General Howard was thus distinguished throughout the day.
A noticeable feature of the Second Division was the Zouave regiment (2d New York) uniformed in blue, trimmed with red, and with crimson skull caps with blue tassels. But a handful of men remain of the splendid organization that started out at the commencement of the war, and their depleted ranks added not a little to the mournful interest attached to their torn colors.
FROM THE SUN, VOL. LVII, NO. 6, TUESDAY, MAY 23, 1865.
THE ARREST OF DAVIS, STEPHENS AND OTHERS.
The correspondents of the New York papers, writing from Hilton Head, S.C., give the following particulars of the arrest of Jefferson Davis and others:
Today the steamer Emilie arrived in this harbor from Savannah, bring as prisoners Jefferson Davis, with his wife and her sister and three children; Alexander H. Stephens, Mr. Regan, Postmaster General of the pretended Confederacy; Clement C. Clay and his wife; General Wheeler and staff; Colonels Johnson and Lubbeck. of Davis' staff: Major Morand, Captain Moody, Lieutenant HathAway, two privates and Howell, a brother of Mrs. Davis, ensign in the late Confederate navy.
Through the kindness of Lieutenant Col. Pritchard, in charge of the prisoners, your correspondent was permitted to visit to visit the steamer and learned from the Colonel and others the particulars of the capture, which was made by a detachment of one hundred and twenty-eight men of the Fourth Michigan Cavalry, under Lieut. Col. S. D. Pritchard, about one mile from Irwinsville, Ga., and about 100 miles southeast of Macon. The Colonel learned on the 9th instant where they were encamped, and just before daylight on the 10th surrounded the camp. It was supposed that Davis had a considerable force as guard, and a severe fight was expected. By an unfortunate and so far unaccountable accident, one part of the force fired upon another, and before the mistake was discovered two men were killed and six others slightly wounded. Capt. Hudson had placed a strong guard around the tent where Davis was supposed to be, and when the firing commenced, thinking his duty called him to the fight, he left the tent in charge of a corporal with orders to let no one pass out. The corporal went to the door, where he was met by a lady, who proved to be Mrs. Davis, and who said that the tent was occupied by ladies, and she hoped they would be permitted to dress before being disturbed. Very soon she again voluntarily appeared at the door, with another person in petticoats, morning dress, and a woolen cloak, with the hood closely drawn over the head, and a pail on her arm.
Corporal ordered halt! which was, of course, obeyed, but Mrs. D. feelingly appealed to the corporal to allow her mother to go to the spring for a pail of water. It was hard, even if they were prisoners, not to be allowed to get a little water for their morning ablutions. Mr. Corporal just then observed that the morning dress was not quite long enough to conceal a pair of boots looking rather too heavy for "mother" to wear, and with his Spencer carbine presented to the aged lady's head, ordered her to remove that cloak. The argument was persuasive. The disguise was removed, and Jeff. Davis appeared in full view.
Davis said he should have defended himself if he had been armed -- even if he had had a revolver he would have fought with it as long as he could. The Colonel replied to him that he didn't appear to be in very good fighting condition just at that time.
After a hurried breakfast, the party was put in marching order for Hilton Head. The prisoners, in ambulances, preceded by the band of the 4th Michigan Cavalry, playing "Yankee Doodle," which had evidently a depressing influence on the feelings of Mr. Davis. At Macon there was some slight demonstration made by the people of sympathy for their fallen chief, but he was seen by few, and no communication was permitted between citizens and the prisoners.
While upon the road the Davis family received a severe shock, when Northern papers were received containing the President's proclamation offering a reward of $100,000 for the arrest of Davis as a party to the assassination plot. He was deeply affected, and Mrs. Davis burst into an agony of tears. Mr. Davis was dressed in a blue gray suit and wears a drab soft hat, He looks care-worn and dejected, and ten years older than he did ten years ago. He spoke pleasantly, however, to all who conversed with him. On board the steamer he passed most of his time in reading the newspapers.
Alexander H. Stephens and Gen. Wheeler were captured by detachments of Upton's division. C. C. Clay was not captured, but wrote to General Wilson that having learned that a reward had been offered for his apprehension as an accomplice in the assassination of President Lincoln, and feeling entirely innocent of such a charge, he would at once give himself up for due examination and trial. Both Mr. Stephens and Mr. Reagan denounce the murderers of President Lincoln in the strongest terms, and hoped the most severe punishment would be dealt out to all who had a hand in the atrocious crime.
FROM THE SUN, VOL. LVII, NO. 8, THURSDAY, MAY 25, 1865.
Capture of Specie -- The Acts of the Governors of Georgia and North Carolina Declared Null and Void.
New York, May 24 -- The steamer America, from Savannah on the 20th, has arrived. The Herald has advices from Augusta that the country between that city and Savannah is filled with rebel paroled soldiers returning to their homes. Nearly all the planters have put in large amounts of seed, mostly corn and rye. Some have planted cotton for the first time in four years. But few slaves have gone away.
Great excitement was caused at Augusta by the announcement of the capture of Jeff. Davis.
A wagon containing $243,000 in specie belonging to the rebel government was found in a by-way, and turned over to General Molineaux.
General Gilmore has issued an order declaring null and void the proclamations issued by the self-styled Governors of South Carolina, Georgia and Florida. Also declaring that the people of the black race are all free citizens of the United States and to be protected in the enjoyment of freedom, and the fruits of their industry by the government.
General Wilson, in a letter to Gov. Brown, who had complained of the collapse of the currency in the South, and the great destitution of provisions among the people, says he is instructed by the President to say to him that these evils were caused by treason and insurrection, and rebellion against the laws of the United States, incited and carried on for the last four years by you and your confederate rebels and traitors, who alone are responsible for all the waste, destitution and want now existing in that State, and what you call the result which the fortunes of war have imposed upon the people of Georgia and all the loss and woe they have suffered, are charged upon you and your confederate rebels, who, usurping authority, provoked war to the extremity, until compelled to lay down your arms and accept the just penalty of the crimes of treason and rebellion.
That the restoration of peace and order cannot be entrusted to rebels and traitors. That the persons who incited the war and carried it on, will not be allowed to assemble at the call of their accomplices to act again as the Legislature of the State, and again usurp authority. Those who have caused so much woe will not be allowed power again to incite any fresh acts of treason and rebellion.