As kids growing up in Latrobe Homes public housing, Carl Stokes and Melvin Tuggle made a pact that one of them someday would become Baltimore's mayor.
Now, more than 30 years later, Stokes will officially begin trying to make that pledge come true when he files this week as a candidate in Baltimore's mayoral race.
The 48-year-old former city councilman and school board member is the first to announce his candidacy, organize and begin meeting with residents to share his vision for the city.
With Tuggle, a minister and head of Clergy United for Renewal in East Baltimore, by his side, Stokes is confident he will be able to bridge the city's fractious east and west sides by basing his campaign on one word: outrage.
"When people ask me what disappointed me most in my experience as an elected official, I don't say lost elections, I don't say legislation that wasn't passed," Stokes said. "I say the citizens of Baltimore are not outraged by the lack of education in city schools and murder in their streets."
Last month, Stokes began the first of 99 planned neighborhood meetings that he is calling "community conversations." The forums are designed to listen to residents' worries and draft a platform targeting the four areas of city government Stokes views as critical to healing Baltimore's damaged reputation: education, crime, taxes and jobs.
"I want to be mayor of this city because I want to say, 'I'm not living like this anymore,' " Stokes said.
Despite unsuccessful bids for council president in 1995 and state Senate in 1994, Stokes is viewed by political veterans as a formidable mayoral candidate -- bright, articulate, an outspoken consensus-builder with biracial support. The former clothing store owner believes he can raise the $1 million necessary to compete in the city's first mayoral race in 28 years without an incumbent.
"Carl is hard-working and honest," said state Sen. Nathaniel J. McFadden, a Baltimore Democrat and former Stokes opponent. "He's developed a vision of how this city should be run, and that is important to me."
Tuggle summed it up another way: "People are tired, and we've been urging Carl to run for years."
Whether Stokes can win the race is another matter.
Few would dispute that Stokes has the common touch to be a big-city mayor. Having grown up in public housing, the son of a factory assembly-line worker and union shop steward, Stokes attended St. Francis Xavier parochial school and Loyola High School, and was one of the first blacks to graduate from Loyola College.
First political race
Armed with an English degree and a smooth, whispery delivery, Stokes took the polish he developed working through college as a salesman at the Every Man's Shop in Mondawmin Mall -- which he eventually owned -- into the political arena in 1983. He ran for a City Council seat in the 2nd District, saying he did not recognize 18 of the 20 candidates competing to represent his East Baltimore neighborhood.
Stokes finished fifth -- the first of five races he has lost during his political career -- but returned to capture a council seat in 1987, bumping McFadden, who defeated Stokes to gain the Senate seat in 1994.
During Stokes' eight years on the council, the divorced father of two earned a reputation for being outspoken and passionate about city schools. As chairman of the education committee, he opposed the city's decision to hire a private company, Education Alternatives Inc., to handle nine troubled city schools in 1992. Two years later, the city fired the company for failing to improve the schools.
Stokes also helped redraw council districts during his term to give blacks more political punch.
In 1995, he ran for council president, pledging to reduce the city property tax rate. He finished last in a race that included three council colleagues. Stokes blamed the basement finish on the split between the city's black churches on the east and west sides, a division he hopes to overcome this time.
Polls from the council president's race showed Stokes with an edge that could help him in his mayoral bid if the field is crowded: biracial appeal and the support of close to 20 percent of black and white voters.
"Carl has a lot of optimism about himself and his abilities, and it's probably well-placed," said Herbert Smith, a Western Maryland College political science professor. "He has a good idea of where he wants to take Baltimore."
Stokes spent the past 18 months on the city school board before stepping down to run for mayor. He works at Mid-Atlantic Health Care.
If any doubt clouds Stokes' mayoral candidacy, it is the question of whether he is tough enough to make the hard decisions necessary to be a big-city mayor. Former council colleagues have accused Stokes of trying to play both sides of the fence on issues.
When the council voted on a bill to extend health benefits to the gay partners of city employees in 1993, Stokes walked off the council floor to not offend opposing supporters in the gay rights and ministerial constituencies.
Acknowledging that he took a walk on the issue, Stokes contends he has shown his mettle by challenging the mayor on redistricting and, most recently, opposing raises for teachers.
"I can say no, and I think I have said no," Stokes said. "I tend to fight for issues rather than against them."
Meeting in Butchers Hill
At a recent meeting with about a dozen Butchers Hill residents, Stokes gained a taste of the frustration that mayoral candidates can expect this year.
Barbara Gilmour, who has lived in Baltimore since last year, asked Stokes what he intends to do about crime. More than 300 homicides have been committed in Baltimore in each of the past nine years.
Two people were robbed in a week within a few blocks of her home on East Baltimore Street, Gilmour said.
"I am appalled with the crime, I am appalled with the schools, and I don't know if I'll be here a year from now," said Gilmour, who moved from Columbus, Ohio, with her husband, Rick, who is retired. "I hear people say the city is imploding, and I tend to agree with them."
Stokes asked to meet with her again to discuss her concerns. But he did express support for the so-called zero-tolerance strategy that has reduced violent crime in many large U.S. cities by cracking down on minor offenses.
Stokes said the biggest problem with Baltimore crime is the lack of leadership to bring all sides of law enforcement together.
Police are criticizing prosecutors, who are criticizing judges, Stokes said.
"Isn't there anybody in the city that can bring them all together?" he asked.
Stokes has pledged to add $25 million to the city's annual contribution to Baltimore schools. He also supports allowing private companies to compete to handle city services and said he would hire a professional city manager to handle the day-to-day management of city government, much like the District of Columbia.
That would allow him to work more as a mediator to bring business, school and government leaders together to address problems, he said.
"People say, 'Carl, we can't be all things to all people,' and I say, 'Yes, we can,' " Stokes told the Butchers Hill group. "It is our supreme responsibility to figure this out.
"If you can't get your child an education, you should leave the city," Stokes added. "I blame us for giving citizens a reason to leave. Folks will come to a place that is viable."
Stokes' approach impressed David Deutsch, 24, of Canton. The University of Maryland, Baltimore County student liked what he heard.
"He has very good priorities, and I like the fact that education is important," Deutsch said. "I liked the way he gently took command of the room, and that's important when you're a leader. He seemed mayoral."
Schaefer, Mfume factor
Stokes has heard that NAACP President Kweisi Mfume might run for mayor and that former governor and mayor William Donald Schaefer has left open the possibility of running.
But whatever other candidates might do, Stokes said, he intends to stay in the race because he cannot accept what has happened to the city where he grew up.
"They have a saying on the street that 'I'm not going out like that,' " Stokes said. "And I'm not going out like that."
Pub Date: 2/11/99