WASHINGTON -- The United States has quietly launched an international effort to stabilize Jordan's new leadership in the face of fears that Iraq might try to topple the new monarch and that economic turmoil could destabilize the country's currency, U.S. officials said yesterday.
The package of measures, pitched by President Clinton in a series of messages to world leaders, includes a request to Congress to free $300 million in U.S. aid and intervention by the International Monetary Fund to prevent a run on Jordan's currency, the dinar.
U.S. officials believe that Jordan's economy is its greatest immediate vulnerability.
"This is a moment of opportunity to help Jordan economically, which is the biggest short-term problem," a senior administration official said. "It can use all the help it can get."
The focus is on economic measures because Jordan's financial situation makes it particularly vulnerable to political instability, including unrest orchestrated by outside powers, U.S. officials say. In that context, Iraq represents the single greatest security threat.
"There's obvious concern about Iraqi attempts to meddle in Jordanian affairs as they've tried to do in the past. There's also a lot of pro-Iraqi support in Jordan which might try to manage popular disturbances. That's been done before too," the senior official added.
Clinton launched the diplomatic and economic campaign after receiving word Thursday that King Hussein would not recover from last-ditch cancer treatment at Minnesota's Mayo Clinic.
The intent, U.S. officials say, is to ensure that the leadership transition in Jordan will not be threatened by regional rivals or financial speculators.
Crown Prince Abdullah, who effectively took over yesterday when he was sworn in as regent, faces enormous challenges as he tries to fill the shoes of his father.
Clinton has appealed to governments throughout Europe and the Middle East to take whatever steps they can to help Jordan's new leader.
On Friday, he sent messages to his counterparts in the Group of 7 alliance of Western industrialized nations asking for help in protecting a desert kingdom that has no oil, gas, gold or other natural resources.
Clinton pressed Japan and France specifically to forgive some of Jordan's outstanding debt. Neither has responded, U.S. officials said yesterday.
After the 1994 Jordan-Israel peace treaty, the United States forgave Jordan's debt of more than $700 million. The nation has not accumulated any significant debt to Washington since then, U.S. officials say.
The president has also urged Israeli Prime Minister Benjamin Netanyahu to open markets in the West Bank to Jordanian goods. Jordan does less than $50 million in trade annually, while Israel has a $50 billion annual economy, U.S. officials said.
Clinton also talked to leaders of the oil-rich sheikdoms in the Persian Gulf about economic and political measures to aid Jordan's new ruler.
He secured a commitment from the United Arab Emirates, the only gulf regime with significant cash, to deposit funds in Jordanian banks to keep them stable. The plummeting price of oil has hurt the cash flow of several Arab governments, limiting what they can do for Jordan.
Saudi Arabia and Kuwait, which have cooled relations with their fellow monarchy since the 1990-1991 Persian Gulf war, have notified Amman that they will resume selling oil to Jordan at preferential prices. The practice was halted when King Hussein supported Iraq after its 1990 invasion of Kuwait -- a policy he later reversed.
For its part, the White House announced yesterday that Clinton will ask Congress this week to expedite a plan to provide Jordan an extra $100 million a year over the next three years.
The aid was promised under terms of a peace agreement signed at Maryland's Wye Plantation last October by Israel, the Palestinians and Jordan.
Pub Date: 2/07/99