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Raemer Schreiber,88, a physicist who helped assemble...


Raemer Schreiber,88, a physicist who helped assemble the plutonium cores for the world's first atomic blast and the bomb that was dropped on Nagasaki, Japan, died Thursday in Los Alamos, N.M.

Mr. Schreiber worked on the Manhattan Project, which set off the first atomic bomb in the New Mexico desert July 16, 1945, and built the bombs dropped on Hiroshima and Nagasaki the next month.

He belonged to the crew entrusted with one of the most delicate steps leading to the first test blast -- placing the plutonium core into a cylindrical uranium container. The assembled bomb was then raised to the top of a tower, where a separate crew attached the detonators.

The first A-bomb dropped on Japan, called Little Boy, was detonated Aug. 6 over Hiroshima. Mr. Schreiber escorted the plutonium core of Fat Man, the bomb intended for Nagasaki, to Tinian Island in the Pacific. He helped assemble that bomb, which was dropped Aug. 9.

Vannie M. Starr,91, mother of independent counsel Kenneth Starr, died Sunday in San Antonio from cardiovascular disease.

Mrs. Starr was a clerk in the Bexar County medical examiner's office. She continued to live in a blue-collar part of San Antonio until her death.

In September, Mrs. Starr described her son as "just an ordinary guy."

Judge Sadie Lipner Shulman,107, the first woman judge commissioned in Massachusetts, died Dec. 23 in Johnson City, Tenn. She was sworn in as an associate justice of the Municipal Court of the Dorchester District of Boston on Dec. 17, 1930.

Bob Johnson,78, a World War II flying ace who shot down a record 28 Nazi planes, died Sunday in Lake Wylie, S.C.

Flying a P-47 Thunderbolt, he became the nation's top ace during the midpoint of the war, breaking the record held by Eddie Rickenbacker, who was the most decorated combat pilot of World War I. His book "Thunderbolt!" about his war exploits was published last year.

Hans Oeschger,71, a Swiss climate researcher who warned of the effects of human activity on the Earth's climate, died Monday in Bern, Switzerland, after a long illness.

With his research into climate changes that occurred over thousands of years, Mr. Oeschger showed that carbon dioxide levels in the atmosphere had increased over the past two FTC centuries. He conducted his research by analyzing air bubbles trapped in layers of polar ice in Greenland and Antarctica. He developed new methods for extracting data from the ice, including radiocarbon dating.

Pub Date: 12/30/98

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