WASHINGTON -- In 58 pages of blistering testimony, independent counsel Kenneth W. Starr plans to lay out the widest possible range of presidential misconduct in the Monica Lewinsky matter today, arguing that President Clinton engaged in a "pattern of obstruction" that is "fundamentally inconsistent" with his "duty to faithfully execute the law."
Starr's testimony, obtained last night, will be the first order of business in the second presidential impeachment hearings of this century.
Before the House Judiciary Committee, Starr will present a case that seems at times politically devastating, at other times banal. Never does he actually call for the president's removal from office.
The independent counsel, though, leaves no doubt of his belief that the president's conduct betrayed the public trust and warranted the harshest scrutiny.
But in presenting his arguments, Starr also dismisses some of the most damaging allegations pending against the president and may thus actually undermine his own case.
For example, he exonerates Clinton of wrongdoing in the firing of the White House travel office staff and in the alleged misuse of FBI personnel files -- two matters that Republicans have long considered most threatening to Clinton.
Indeed, Starr will testify, "we found no evidence that information contained in the [FBI] files of former officials was used for an improper purpose."
And Starr will reveal that last year, he and his deputies drafted an impeachment report on the original Whitewater land deal, only to decide they lacked evidence to prove wrongdoing.
However, Starr's testimony does raise questions about not only Clinton's conduct in Whitewater but also the first lady's. It suggests that testimony from two key witnesses -- Susan McDougal and former Gov. Jim Guy Tucker of Arkansas -- could still implicate the Clintons.
In general, the prosecutor's harsh testimony resembles the conclusions in his report to Congress in September that accused Clinton of 11 impeachable offenses involving the Lewinsky affair.
Starr's testimony could further polarize the committee. And his dismissal of the matters involving Whitewater, FBI files and the -- travel office will likely turn more Republicans in the House against voting for impeachment.
But the Judiciary Committee is undeterred. The chairman, Rep. Henry J. Hyde, unveiled a new blueprint last night that would broaden the scope of the proceedings against Clinton beyond the Lewinsky matter.
Along with Starr, Hyde said he planned to subpoena four additional witnesses for depositions.
They are Bruce Lindsey, a deputy White House counsel and Clinton confidant; Robert S. Bennett, Clinton's attorney in the Paula Corbin Jones sexual misconduct case; Daniel Gecker, a lawyer for Kathleen Willey, who accused Clinton of making an unwanted sexual advance; and Nathan Landow, the Maryland Democratic donor who had been suspected of trying to silence Willey.
"I intend to do all I can to complete this inquiry by the end of the year," Hyde said in a statement. "At the same time, we must not look away from any evidence that relates to the core issues of this inquiry: lying under oath, obstruction of justice, witness tampering and abuse of power."
Committee members said other witnesses are likely to appear after Starr presents his case and raises new questions that would need to be answered.
Starr will pose plenty of questions -- not only about the Lewinsky matter but also about Whitewater, alleged "hush money" arranged for Webster L. Hubbell, and Hillary Rodham Clinton's conduct as a lawyer overseeing the failed Madison Guaranty Savings and Loan.
But his main case nevertheless revolves around Clinton's attempts to cover up his affair with Lewinsky.
'President chose deception'
"The key point about the president's conduct is this," Starr writes in his testimony. "On at least six different occasions, from Dec. 17, 1997, through Aug. 17, 1998, the president had to make a decision. He could choose truth, or he could choose deception. On all six occasions, the president chose deception."
In trying to conceal his affair, Starr says, Clinton "engaged in a pattern of behavior to thwart the judicial process," including lying under oath, lying to the American people and lying to his Cabinet, thus using them as "unwitting surrogates to publicly support the president's false story."
Parrying Democratic arguments that the scandal involves only a private matter, Starr will testify "that the president misused his authority and power as president and contravened his duty to faithfully execute the laws. That is not a private matter."
It is that misuse of power that Hyde now seeks to flesh out with more witnesses. He intends to question Landow and Gecker on Monday and Tuesday, with the other depositions scheduled for the following week.
Rep. Steve Chabot of Ohio, a committee Republican, said other witnesses were expected to be called, including John Huang, a key Democratic fund-raiser. But, Chabot said, the "overwhelming consensus -- not unanimous consensus, though" was that the committee would refrain from calling such key players as Lewinsky, Linda R. Tripp, Clinton's secretary Betty Currie and Clinton's friend Vernon Jordan.
Committee Democrats called the new, broadened strategy "totally unacceptable" and complained that the impeachment hearings would now have to extend into next year.
The hearings begin today against a backdrop of partisan acrimony, with Hyde insisting that the White House is not cooperating with the inquiry and the White House arguing that the Republicans are conducting the historic proceedings in an unfair way.
In a letter to the White House, Hyde said he would prevent the president's lawyers from questioning Starr about his own prosecutorial tactics, such as evidence that Starr's office leaked secret information to the news media.
"You will not be permitted to inquire into other matters not bearing on the question of impeachment," Hyde said.
The White House, citing the committee's last-minute decision to expand the impeachment inquiry beyond the Lewinsky matter, denounced the ground rules.
Hyde, however, defended his committee's decision to examine other charges, including that the president and his allies paid Hubbell "hush money" to keep quiet about Whitewater.
"We're not going to ignore information that's substantive and credible and that tends toward impeachment," Hyde said, referring to evidence submitted to the committee on Tuesday by Starr.
And today, in an extraordinary conclusion to his own testimony, Starr will offer his own defense of his investigation.
"President Lincoln asked that 'reverence for the laws be proclaimed in legislative halls and enforced in courts of justice,' " Starr states. "My office and I revere the law. I am proud of what we have accomplished. We have done it to the very best of our abilities."
Today: Independent counsel Kenneth W. Starr will testify when the House Judiciary Committee meets at 10 a.m.
Later: The committee plans to subpoena four more witnesses. They are:
Bruce Lindsey, White House counsel
Robert S. Bennett, Clinton attorney
Daniel Gecker, attorney for Clinton accuser Kathleen Willey
Nathan Landow, Maryland Democrat with ties to Willey
Pub Date: 11/19/98