DNA tests to figure in retrial for 2 slayings Married lawyers killed 4 years ago near Annapolis


Four years after two Washington lawyers were slain execution-style in their weekend home on the Severn River, Anne Arundel prosecutors are trying for a second time to persuade a jury that an Arnold man committed the crime.

Scotland E. Williams' 1995 double murder conviction and the death sentence he requested were overturned by the Maryland Court of Appeals in July 1996.

In the retrial, which opened yesterday, jurors are in for lengthy biology lessons, according to one defense lawyer.

Prosecutors are armed with a new kind of DNA evidence not available in the first trial. But defense attorneys are armed, too, with a script of the prosecution strategy and a DNA expert to refute the type of evidence being used for the first time in Maryland.

And while the case may hinge on the minutiae of cell biology, prosecutors struggled yesterday to portray Jose E. Trias, 49, and Julia N. Gilbert, 48, as more than corpses in a photograph.

Anne Arundel State's Attorney Frank R. Weathersbee could not tell jurors about the free tax-law work Gilbert did for nonprofit organizations or Trias' hobbies of playing the piano and working calculus and physics problems. Circuit Judge Pamela L. North ruled those details irrelevant.

In his opening statement, Weathersbee described two successful professionals -- she a partner in the tax division of a Washington firm, he a vice president and general counsel for a national medical institute -- who married late in life and spent their weekends in the house near Annapolis.

Weathersbee ticked off the evidence he said would link Williams to the crime "literally from his head to his toes and from his hair to his shoes."

A shoe print in the kitchen, DNA evidence on a drinking glass, hair (the source of the controversial new type of DNA evidence), blood, and the watch and cash Williams was carrying when he was arrested all point to him as the murderer, Weathersbee said.

That evidence is hardly clear, countered Assistant Public

Defender Michele M. Nethercott, who followed Weathersbee's five-minute statement with a half-hour opening.

The "sterile" crime scene, with no sign of ransacking, looked like the work of a professional killer, she told the 12 jurors and four alternates.

"Scotland Williams didn't kill these people," she said. "The bottom line is that there really wasn't enough [evidence] to make any sort of conclusions."

Jurors will have to decide whether they can trust the "exotic" DNA testing prosecutors will use as evidence, she said.

Prosecutors will introduce results of mitochondrial DNA testing done on hair found in the Trias-Gilbert bedroom and bathroom and on hair taken from Williams. Defense motions to block the mitochondrial DNA evidence have caused numerous postponements of the start of the trial.

Scientific testimony will take up much of the trial, but yesterday's testimony was routine.

The first two witnesses, Trias' and Gilbert's secretaries, described their former employers as gentle.

Their end was hardly so.

They were shot in the backs of their heads with a .22-caliber weapon. Prosecutors showed jurors photographs of the dead couple, partially nude, handcuffed and lying faces down in their bed. The killer had apparently pulled the bed covers over their heads.

A deceptively cheerful handwritten sign, complete with a doodle of a sun, was attached to the front door, "ON VACATION!! BE BACK 20 MAY," it read. The secretaries testified that they did not recognize the handwriting.

Williams was arrested May 19, three days after the bodies were found, after being filmed by bank cameras using the couple's bank card and sitting in Gilbert's Acura Legend.

Pub Date: 5/08/98

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