Yuli Khariton,92, a physicist who helped build the Soviet Union's first atomic bomb, died Thursday in the city of Nizhny Novgorod, northeast of Moscow. Khariton -- whose work and name were held as a state secret -- died at a nuclear weapons research center he established 45 years ago and had led ever since.
Khariton and Yakov Zeldovich made the first Soviet calculation for nuclear fission in 1939. In 1943, Khariton joined a team of scientists who developed the first Soviet atomic bomb, tested on Aug. 29, 1949.
MacNeil Mitchell,92, a state legislator who sponsored a law that helped transform New York City's housing landscape in the 1950s, died of pneumonia Tuesday in Manhattan. Mitchell, a Republican, served nine years in the Assembly and 18 years in the state Senate.
Pub Date: 12/21/96