Dr. S. Ward Casscells, 80, who helped revolutionize sports medicine as a pioneer in arthroscopic surgery, died Thursday of leukemia at the home of a son in Houston. In addition to his research in arthroscopic surgery, which led to his publication in 1971 of the first paper on the topic, he trained many of the first generation of orthopedists to use the minimally invasive surgical technique. He also helped establish its use at Johns Hopkins, Yale, Massachusetts General, and Brigham and Women's hospitals. In 1986, when about 600,000 arthroscopic procedures were being performed annually in the United States, he warned that the technique, which seemed miraculous, was "more risky than most people realize," in some cases because tissue might be harder to manipulate through the tiny scope.
Haskell L. Lazere, 75, who was executive director of the New York chapter of the American Jewish Committee from 1969 to 1989 and helped found various human rights coalitions in New York City, died Saturday at his home on Manhattan's East Side.