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Company's presence here spanned decades


A look at significant dates in the history of Procter & Gamble Co.

1928: Procter & Gamble, citing the Baltimore harbor's strategic location for shipping and receiving goods and raw materials, purchases land in Locust Point for the site of a $4 million plant. Brick buildings on Nicholson and Haubert streets razed.

1930: Plant opens with 15 buildings on 7.5 acres, becoming the eighth Procter & Gamble facility in operation and the company's second on the East Coast. Production begins with 220 employees, who despite the Great Depression work 50.5-hour weeks for wages of $20.20.

1945: Locust Point is selected as a test plant for the production of a new Procter & Gamble laundry detergent, Tide.

1947: First plant expansion begins.

1955: Procter & Gamble Chairman Richard R. Deupree travels to Baltimore for a 25th anniversary celebration at the Locust Point plant.

1959: Locust Point plant contains 26 buildings on 18 acres. Workers total 400. Products including Ivory, Camay, Downy, Cascade and Tide.

1962: $2 million expansion and upgrade of 1422 Nicholson St. plant begins. Annual payroll totals $4 million.

1970: Procter & Gamble installs $400,000 worth of pollution control equipment at Locust Point facility.

1979: Locust Point factory produces nearly 30 percent of all Ivory soap bars. The number of employees reaches a peak of 550.

1985: The Locust Point facility suffers its first setback when production of Ivory bars, Downy and powdered Cascade are transferred to other Procter & Gamble plants. High-performance work system, which encourages employees to work as a team, is introduced. Employee base shrinks to 425. Procter & Gamble spends in excess of $150 million annually on wages, services and taxes at Locust Point.

1989: Procter & Gamble completes multi-million renovation of Locust Point plant, including construction of new buildings and installation of sophisticated computers and other automated equipment. Workforce shrinks to 300.

1991: Camay bar production ceased.

1992: Production of liquid Cascade transferred. Procter & Gamble completes internal study suggesting the Locust Point plant should remain open.

1993: Bonnie A. Curtis becomes first female plant manager in Locust Point plant's history. Procter & Gamble begins North American product supply source study. $1.7 billion manufacturing consolidation announced, expected to result in closure of 30 plants worldwide and trimming of 13,000 jobs.

1994: Procter & Gamble announces closing of Locust Point plant, eliminating 215 jobs. Dawn, Joy and liquid Ivory dishwashing detergents are the only products still in production.

1995: Procter & Gamble negotiates with neighbor Domino Sugar Corp. for possible sale of its Locust Point property.

1995: Plant closing scheduled for Sept. 30.

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