Herbert S. BridgeSpace scientistHerbert S. Bridge, 76,...


Herbert S. Bridge

Space scientist

Herbert S. Bridge, 76, a space scientist who had a pivotal role in exploration of the solar system by unmanned spacecraft and in mapping the solar winds swirling through interplanetary space, died Wednesday in Boston of coronary artery disease.

Dr. Bridge retired as director of the Center for Space Research at the Massachusetts Institute of Technology in 1984, when he became professor emeritus of physics. He joined the center as associate director at its inception in 1965 and was appointed director in 1978.

He led a team of MIT scientists who designed and built an instrument for the study of interplanetary plasma, called the modulated-grid Faraday cup after Michael Faraday, the 19th-century English scientist known for his work with electricity and magnetism.

Benay Venuta, 84, whose career in show business began as a teen-age dancer in 1925 and ended with a bit part in Woody Allen's 1993 movie, "Manhattan Murder Mystery," died of lung cancer Friday at her home in Manhattan. A singer, actress, radio personality, painter and sculptor, she was best known as a participant in New York theater for more than 50 years. Her Broadway career began when she replaced Ethel Merman, who became her close friend, in Cole Porter's "Anything Goes" in 1935.

She played leading roles on Broadway in such shows as "By Jupiter," "Nellie Bly," "Hazel Flagg," "Kiss the Boys Goodbye" and "Copper and Brass."

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