The League of Women Voters is a non-partisan organization (( which works to promote political responsibility through the informed and active participation of citizens in their government. The League does not support or oppose any political party or candidate. Nothing in this Voters' Guide should be construed as an endorsement of any candidate or position by the League.
This guide is for the benefit of individual voters. The candidates' answers appear as submitted in response to a non-partisan questionnaire. If answers exceeded the specified word limitation, the additional words were cut where practical for the end of the candidates' statement.
Material from the guide may not be reproduced in whole or in part without permission of the League of Women Voters of Baltimore City.
The League assumes no liability for errors or omissions.
Maryland law prohibits write-in candidates in the primary election; therefore, this guide includes information only on those candidates whose names appear on the primary ballot. Registered independent voters can vote in the Republican primary.
Next Week: City Council President, Comptroller and 1st and 2nd Councilmanic Districts.
Sept. 10: Councilmanic Districts 3, 4, 5 and 6.
Primary Election: September 12, 1995
Polls Open: 7 a.m. to 8 p.m
Vote for 1
Questions asked of the mayoral candidates:
Priorities: Briefly explain your top priorities if elected.
Schools: How would you hold teachers and administrators accountable for the performance of students? How would you evaluate the role of school principals, school administrators, and school teachers?
Housing: What steps would you take as mayor to provide more safe and affordable housing in the city?
Regional Cooperation: Since the economic health of Baltimore is crucial to its surrounding counties, what could be done to foster cooperation with county leaders?
Incentives: Are there any incentives which the City can offer new or existing businesses to locate or remain in Baltimore?
Crime: What can be done to reduce drug-related crime?
Changes: What changes would you make to city boards and commisions?
Funding Cuts: What will we do when federal and state funding is cut, considering the strong possibility?
Kelley Culver Brohawn (D)
Biography: Frostburg State College'Geography/Philosophy; Baltimore Polytechnic 1976; City public schools. U.S. Coast Guard licensed Master; captain in both tourist and industrial fields; pollution control analyst; not a politician; an average citizen who wants Baltimore to prosper again.
Priorities: Crime and the drugs/guns that have turned many parts of our city into warzones are my first priorities. Total prohibition of gun sales. Large (1,000 bed) drug treatment facility. The cycle of drugs/guns/violence must be halted now!
Schools: We must give teachers a proven curriculum (Calvert School type) for all schools. Cancel EAI contract now. Absolutely demand highest standards of learning, teaching, and administrating. Nothing less. Offending students must be reformed away from students who follow rules. I send my own children to public schools! Other candidates don't.
Housing: Our city has reached the saturation point of the number of subsidized units ethically sustainable. Our citizens have been spiritually and financially martyred by their sincere and caring devotion to the poor. Housing is a regional problem demanding regional solutions.
Regional Cooperation: Forced regionalism! Surrounding counties form a noose of prosperity around Baltimore's impoverished neck. Baltimoreans already do more than their fair share of cooperating. The day has come to force surrounding counties to physically participate in solving Central Maryland's regional problems.
Incentives: By truly educating our children, treating our drug addicts, incarcerating our criminals, and celebrating our spirit with festivals and parades, we do more to encourage business development than any other incentives ever can. Quality of life creates good business environment.
Crime: Drug related crime is caused by drug addiction. A major (1,000 bed) inpatient addiction treatment facility must be built or acquired. Every narcotics abuser identified by the courts or health department must be forced into intensive detoxification. No drug legalization.
Changes: Set up new non-political ethics board made up of community association leaders to investigate and rule on cases of corruption, theft, and cronyism. All existing boards and commissions must be made nonpolitical to ensure all actions benefit citizens and taxpayers.
Funding Cuts: Sharing burdens of social problems with surrounding subdivisions will lift huge financial burden. Cut budget 2%/year every year. Sell all surplus city owned property. Accept lowest bids on contracts. Hire downsizing and efficiency experts from industry. End corruption/cronyism.
Mary Pat Clarke (D)
Biography: Immaculata College AB 1963; Univ. of PA., MA 1966 (Eng.Lit.); enrolled PhD. program, Writing, Univ. of PA. Graduate School of Educ. 1985-87; undergraduate instructor College of Notre Dame, Johns Hopkins Univ., UMBC, various years. APresident Baltimore City Council, chair, Board of Estimates, 1987 'present; 2nd District Councilwoman 1975-83; administrator, Div. of Geriatric Medicine, Hopkins Bayview 1984-87; past president, director Greater Homewood Community Corp.; graduate Cloverhill Unit, League of Women Voters.
Priorities: Restore and preserve public safety and crime prevention through sufficient and accountable community policing for every Baltimore neighborhood. Safeguard our children. Fund every public school for autonomy and accountability as to safety and academic excellence. Rebuild jobs and growth environment.
Schools: Individual schools will control funds equalling 97% of the Education budget, at a $4500 per pupil minimum, including staff development. Principals will share budget proposals in time for meaningful community input. Principals and staff will be held accountable for attendance, retention, and achievement criteria based on statewide goals.
Housing: Promote city living, involving neighborhoods, realtors, developers, and nonprofits in an Annual Live-In Baltimore Fair, marketing private and public sector homes, including vacants. Create affordable Dollar House Program. Restore neighborhoods through code enforcement, urban renewal planning, and conservation enforcement.
Regional Cooperation: Establish cooperation in promoting conventions/tourism and in retaining and attracting employers for city and region. Pursue metropolitan economies of scale for recycling and cultural arts funding. Support state growth management which favors revitalization of the city and adjacent suburbs.
Incentives: Restore safety. Establish professional and employer-responsive city government. Expedite permitting. Offer phased-in assessments for commercial and manufacturing expansions and improvements. Initiate land assembly program to respond to relocation and expansion opportunities. Maintain an independent and accountable Convention Bureau.
Crime: Increase police strength for real community policing, with accountability for neighborhood safety. Establish local treatment slots, serving 1,000 addicts annually, to shrink consumer base and salvage lives. Direct volunteer Court Watch to report disposition of arrests. Collect illegal guns.
Changes: Boards and commissions must serve as a balance, involving citizens directly in decisions of government, through public proceedings and informed recommendations for action. Clarke appointments will be derived from the nominations of consumer groups. Proceedings and records will be public.
Funding Cuts: With leadership, Baltimore must rebuild itself: restoring safety; educating our children for careers their potential will attract; and marketing Baltimore as desirable for living and investing. By example, we will lead our nation back to the wellspring of its cities.
Kurt L. Schmoke (D)
Biography: Yale Univ. BA 1971; Rhodes Scholar, Oxford Univ. 1972; Harvard Law School JD 1976. President Carter's White House Domestic Policy Staff 1977; Assistant US Attorney 1978; State's Attorney for Baltimore City 1982-87; Mayor 1987'1995.
Priorities: My top priorities are to reduce crime and increase drug treatment programs, maintain the fiscal vitality of the city, promote economic development, and continue to improve the performance of our public school system.
Schools: Student performance which meets or exceeds state standards is the goal of all public schools in our city. Through our Enterprise Program, teachers will be accountable for student performance. My criteria for evaluating school administration is successful student academic performance, improved attendance, and safe schools.
Housing: I will use federal, state and local funds to increase affordable housing to augment the 1,500 units developed over the past four years, demolish public housing high-rises, and continue to renovate public and scattered site units.
Regional Cooperation: As chair of the [Metropolitan] Council, I helped create and implement a regional economic development marketing strategy. I will continue to work with the Baltimore Metropolitan Council and individual county executives on public safety, transportation, environmental protection, and economic development.
Incentives: Yes. Our various assistance programs are used to both attract and retain businesses. They include a revolving loan fund, working capital loan fund, an enterprise development fund, bond funds, and other financial incentives.
Crime: We will expand community policing, continue "neighborhood sweeps" and arrests, expand drug treatment programs using empowerment zone funds and sustain drug addiction programs. We will implement Commissioner Frazier's plan to put 300 additional officers on the street and use more mobile police sub-stations.
Changes: Some boards support the work of agencies that have been privatized, such as the City Life Museums and the Municipal Markets. We will appoint committed and energetic citizens to serve on boards and commissions.
Funding Cuts: We will make appropriate adjustments in programs and services which are impacted by federal and state cuts. The city cannot replace the loss of revenues with local funding.
Victor Clarke, Jr. (R)
Biography: Baltimore Polytechnic Institute; Univ. of Baltimore, BS accounting. Ten years of sales consulting, three term Vice-Chairman, MD Republican Party; over 20 years in business management and ownership.
Priorities: Reduce crime through the use of community policing efforts with more foot patrols. Improve education through competitiveness among area school districts with built-in achievement rewards. Job creation geared toward a community based development concept creating more new owners.
Schools: Evaluation of teachers, administrators and students can only be done as completely as it should by creating an attainable performance criteria early in the design phase of curriculums. Accountability of teachers and administrators could be monitored by establishing an on site school based type management component with oversight responsibilities.
Housing: Affordable housing efforts should not only take into account the housing units, but also include ideas for the entire neighborhood plan. Steps that can make this succesful include linking citizens to government through network community organizations which help create plans suited to their area.
Regional Cooperation: Regional cooperation could be best served by the leadership of Baltimore more aggressively seeking a form of "trade-off" of its federal tax benefits and other marketable items for use of certain county services.
Incentives: Incentives to retain existing businesses to help bring in new businesses can range from property tax credits to infrastructure and land credit programs, as well as restructuring regulations, permit processes, etc. to decrease overhead burdens and encouraging through incentives the use of Baltimore companies.
Crime: Establishment of a special "gun court" and "juvenile drug court" would help to better administer the exploding juvenile drug-related crime problem, along with residential rehab and education campuses for youth offenders. Create consistent sentencing guidelines.
Changes: Incorporate the functions of some boards/commissions that have similar missions to reduce membership levels and structure them to include specific neighborhood/community leaders with the communities having input in the final selection decisions.
Funding Cuts: Reduction of federal funding would cause new ideas for expensing city services, such as combining some city and county services in order to spread cost as well as sharing of employees/services located close to city/county lines.
Arthur William Cuffie, Jr. (R)
Biography: Graduate of Johns Hopkins Univ.; professional medical technologist, self-taught electron microscopist; management and budget training during federal employment. Worked in health care at Baltimore hospital, then Walter Reed, National Institute of Health. Served in a variety of upper management positions with Health Care Finance Admin., budget analyst, management analyst, grants specialist.
Priorities: My priorities are safety of persons and property, strengthening of families, business revitalization, a clean environment.
Schools: It is time to allow the educators to compete in a variety of educational disciplines. The one track school system is wasting too many of our talented young people. Results are the best measurement of any enterprise.
Housing: My plan to reduce the cost of government and reduce the property tax rate will do the most to stimulate the housing industry in Baltimore.
Regional Cooperation: The business community demands that different governmental units cooperate to contain the cost of and promote business. Government should follow the lead of the business community in clearing the way for progress.
Incentives: Lower the property tax rate and keep lowering the rate to meet the county rates. This will give Baltimore the most attractive business climate in our region.
Crime: The decriminalization of drugs would be a first step to reducing drug related crime.
Changes: All city boards and commissions will be examined for suitability to their task and necessity of existence. As my platform states, I will seek the advice and counsel of business and professional leaders to improve city operations.
Funding Cuts: If outside revenue sources are reduced, the city government will have to prioritize areas of responsibility and reduce expenditures. At the same time, the reduction in the property tax rate will increase revenues.
S. Scott McCown (R)
Biography: Catonsville Community College, Police Administration 1973-76; Johns Hopkins University, Administrative Sciences 1974-80. Baltimore City Police Dept. Central Dist. Patrol, Detective Robbery Squad 1970-80; MD State Public Defenders Office 1987-92.
Priorities: Reduce street crime and create a safe environment within the city. Foster new and renewed business in the city. Address the problems of public education. Open lines of communication between the citizens and the city.
Schools: We must first create a solid curriculum for every level of our school system, so we will have a rule by which to measure the performance of individual students and schools. Only then will we see if the administrators, principals, and teachers are doing their jobs.
Housing: Create a low interest loan structure for persons to buy and rehabilitate city owned houses. Enforce existing codes requiring landlords to provide safe housing. Take over of properties not brought up to required codes.
Regional Cooperation: Policies of any surrounding county which are not in the best interest of both jurisdictions must be addressed directly to the county leader and resolutions sought. Open dialogue is the best way to maintain a working relationship.
Incentives: Tax incentives for locating or expanding within the city. Use of city owned property at low lease or other arrangement beneficial to both the business and the city.
Crime: Co-ordinated aggressive enforcement against dealers. Expanded treatment for abusers. Education to prevent drug use. Involvement of the community in identifying drug trafficers.
Changes: An overall review of the boards and commissions needs to be conducted to remove overlapping regulation and inspection. Combination of agencies with overlapping functions would expand service, cut cost and prevent layoffs.
Funding Cuts: Reduced federal and state money is a given. The city must expand its own tax base, and cut costs to compensate for it.