Jacques Bergue, 85, one of the West's foremost scholars on Islam, died Tuesday in southwestern France. His writings on Islam and the Arab world included a translation of the Koran, the Muslim holy book, that was published in 1991 after 20 years of work. Throughout his career, he tried to combat traditional Western cliches about Islam. His works include "Egypt, Imperialism and Revolution" (1967), "Arabia" (1978) and "Islam in the World" (1984). For 25 years he held the chair in social history of contemporary Islam at the College of France.
Archibishop, Dominic Tang Yee-Ming, 87, a Jesuit who was the exiled Roman Catholic archbishop of Canton, China, died Tuesday of pneumonia in Stamford, Conn. He was permanently exiled by the Chinese communist government in 1981 after he was elevated to the archbishop's post by Pope John Paul II. The Chinese government considered the pope's decision interference by the Vatican in the internal affairs of the Chinese government. The archbishop had spent 22 years in a Chinese communist jail because of his refusal to join the Chinese Catholic Patriotic Association, an organization that rejects the pope's authority. Archbishop Tang spent most of his exile in Hong Kong before moving to San Francisco this year.
Gordon Wilson, 67, a peace campaigner who won worldwide acclaim for forgiving the Irish Republican Army bombers who killed his daughter, died of a heart attack Tuesday in Enniskillen, Northern Ireland. His 20-year-old daughter, Marie, was one of 11 Protestant civilians killed by an IRA bomb on Nov. 8, 1987. "I have lost my daughter, and we shall miss her. But I bear no ill will. I bear no grudge," a bruised and bloody Mr. Wilson said after being pulled from the rubble.