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BABE RUTH 100 YEARS

TIME LINE

1895

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Feb. 6: Babe Ruth was born in Baltimore.

1896

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June 4: Henry Ford made a successful test run with his car in a nighttime drive through the streets of Detroit.

1898

Dec. 10: A treaty was signed in Paris officially ending the Spanish-American War.

1901

Dec. 12: The first radio signal to cross the Atlantic was picked up near St. John's, Newfoundland, by Guglielmo Marconi.

1902

June 13: Babe Ruth was sent to the St. Mary's Industrial School for Boys.

Aug. 22: President Theodore Roosevelt became the first U.S. chief executive to ride in an automobile, in Hartford, Conn.

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1903

Dec. 17: The Wright brothers staged the first successful powered airplane flights near Kitty Hawk, N.C.

1904

Feb. 7: A fire began in Baltimore that raged for 30 hours and destroyed more than 1,500 buildings.

1906

Dec. 10: President Theodore Roosevelt became the first American to be awarded the Nobel Peace Prize.

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1910

June: Brother Matthias, a Xaverian, realizes Babe's talents as a baseball player and spends many hours pitching to him, hitting him ground balls and fly balls.

1911

Dec. 30: Sun Yat-sen was elected the first president of the Republic of China.

1913

Feb. 3: The 16th Amendment, providing for a federal income tax, was ratified.

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1914

March 2: Jack Dunn, owner of the Baltimore team, signed Ruth to his first contract, for $600 per season.

March 23: Ruth pitched in relief against first major-league team, the Philadelphia Phillies.

April 16: Ruth hit two long drives over Casey Stengel's head for home runs.

April 22: Ruth shuts out Buffalo, 6-0, on a two-hitter.

April 25: Jack Dunn killed a deal by the Federal League for $10,000 bonus and salary to Ruth. Dunn raised Ruth's salary to $1,800 per season.

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July 10: Ruth was sold to the Boston Red Sox and was earning $625 a month.

July 11: Ruth got his first major-league win, a 4-3 victory over Cleveland, after taking four months to ascend to the majors.

July 29: Transcontinental telephone service began with the first phone conversation between New York and San Francisco.

Oct. 2: Babe Ruth got his first major-league hit, a double against Len Cole of the New York Highlanders (later Yankees).

Oct. 18: Babe Ruth married Boston waitress Helen Woodford at St. Paul's Catholic Church in Ellicott City.

1915

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May 6: Ruth hit his first major-league home run, off Jack Warhop of the New York Yankees at the Polo Grounds.

July 21: Ruth hit a home run at Sportsman's Park in St. Louis that crashed through a window of a Chevrolet dealer across the street from the park.

1916

Nov. 7: Republican Jeanette Rankin of Montana became the first woman elected to Congress.

1917

June 23: Ruth punched an umpire and was suspended one week and fined $100.

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1918

April: Ruth's salary was raised to $7,500.

Sept. 9: Ruth's streak of 29 2/3 scoreless innings ended, a record that would last four decades.

Dec. 13: President Woodrow Wilson arrived in France, becoming the first chief executive to visit a European country while in office.

1919

April 10: Ruth hit a 579-foot homer against the New York Giants in an exhibition game.

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April 18: Ruth was honored by his friends in Baltimore from St. Mary's Industrial School for Boys and went on to hit four home runs in an exhibition game.

Sept. 20: Ruth was honored on "Babe Ruth Day" at Fenway Park.

Dec. 26: Ruth was sold to the New York Yankees for $125,000.

1920

March: Ruth ran off a heckler in spring training who pulled a knife on him.

April: Ruth knocked himself out by running into a palm tree during a spring training game.

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Aug. 26: The 19th Amendment, guaranteeing American women the right to vote, was declared in effect.

Sept. 17: The American Professional Football Association, a precursor of the NFL, was formed in Canton, Ohio.

Sept. 24: Ruth hit his 100th career home run off Washington's Jim Shaw.

Nov. 12: Baseball elected his first commissioner, Judge Kenesaw Mountain Landis.

1921

April: Ruth was put in jail for a speeding violation.

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May: Ruth hit a 550-foot home run in St. Louis.

July 2: Ruth hit his 132nd career home run, breaking the record of Roger Connor.

Aug. 3: Baseball commissioner Kenesaw Mountain Landis refused to reinstate the former Chicago White Sox players implicated in the "Black Sox" scandal, despite their acquittals in a jury trial.

September: Ruth set a single-season home run mark with 59.

Oct. 5: The World Series was broadcast on radio for the first time.

Oct. 11: Ruth was unable to play in the World Series because of infection, fever and a pulled muscle. The Giants won the Series.

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1922

June 14: Warren G. Harding became the first president heard on radio, as WEAR in Baltimore broadcast his speech dedicating the Francis Scott Key memorial at Fort McHenry.

June 19: Ruth was suspended five days for threats made to umpire Bill Dineen.

1923

April 18: The first game was played at Yankee Stadium.

April 19: Ruth hit a 450-foot triple, and the New York American began running a short column by Ruth after each of his home runs called "The Truth on Ruth."

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May 12, 1923: Ruth hit his 200th career home run off Detroit's Herman Pillette.

September: Ruth won his first MVP award.

1924

September: Ruth won his only batting title, finishing at .378

1925

June 1: Ruth returned to the lineup. Wally Pipp complained of a headache and was replaced by Lou Gehrig.

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Aug. 28: Ruth was fined $5,000 and suspended for misconduct off the field.

Sept. 8: Ruth hit his 300th career home run off Boston's Buster Ross.

September: Ruth finished his worst season to date (25 homers, .290 batting average).

December: The Yankees hired Artie McGovern, a gym owner, to get Ruth into shape.

1926

Oct. 6: Ruth was caught stealing at second base for the final out of the World Series, giving the Cardinals a 3-2 win in Game 7.

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1927

April: Ruth remained the highest-paid player, signing a three-year contract worth $70,000 per season, 10 times the average player salary.

Sept. 2: Ruth hit his 400th career home run off Philadelphia's Rube Walberg.

Sept. 30: Ruth hit his 60th homer of the season to break his major-league record.

October: In the first World Series broadcast nationally, the Yankees beat the Pirates in four straight games as Ruth hit a two-run homer.

1928

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March: Ruth's book, "Babe Ruth's Own Book of Baseball," was published.

June 17: Amelia Earhart embarked the first trans-Atlantic flight by a woman.

Oct. 9: Ruth hit three home runs in Game 4 of the World Series as the Yankees swept the Cardinals.

1929

Jan. 11: Ruth's first wife, Helen, died in a house fire.

March: The Yankees put numbers on their players' uniforms according to their place in the lineup. Ruth, batting third, got No. 3.

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April 17: Ruth married Claire Hodgson in New York.

Aug. 11: Ruth hit his 500th home run off Cleveland's Willis Hudlin.

Oct. 29: Black Tuesday occurred on the New York Stock Exchange as prices collapsed, a panic began and America's Great Depression started.

November: The Yankees named Bob Shawkey manager, though Ruth had wanted the job.

1930

February: Ruth signed a two-year contract worth $80,000 per season. Ruth also made $200,000 on endorsements.

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May 21: Ruth hit three home runs in one game.

October: Ruth was again passed over for the Yankees manager's job when the club hired Joe McCarthy.

1931

Aug. 21: Ruth hit his 600th career home run off St. Louis George Blaeholder.

1932

March: Ruth held out because he was asked to take a pay cut during the Depression, then settled for $75,000.

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October: The Yankees took the World Series in four games over the Chicago Cubs. This series marked the famous "called shot" by Ruth.

1933

March: Ruth signed for $52,000 and remained the highest-paid player in baseball.

1934

March: Ruth signed for $35,000.

June: Ruth began his own radio show, which was placed between "Tom Mix" and "Amos and Andy."

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July 13: Ruth hit his 700th home run off Detroit's Tommy Bridges.

July 14: Ruth walked for the 2,000th time. It was estimated he had walked to first a distance of 34 miles.

Sept. 24: Ruth made his farewell appearance as a regular player with the Yankees, a 5-0 loss to the Boston Red Sox.

Sept. 30: Ruth played his last game for the Yankees, in Washington.

October: Ruth was rejected as Yankees manager.

1935

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February: Ruth signed a three-year, $35,000-per-season contract with the Boston Braves as a player, assistant manager and vice president.

May 25: Ruth, hit three home runs, including the 714th and final home run of his career off Pittsburgh's Guy Bush gave up Ruth's last two homers.

June: Ruth is released by the Braves, ending his playing career.

1936

Feb. 2: Ruth was one of the first five players elected to the Basball Hall of Fame.

Aug. 9: American track star Jesse Owens won his fourth gold medal at the Berlin Olympics.

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1938

June: Ruth signed for $15,000 to be a coach for the Brooklyn Dodgers.

October: Ruth quit the Dodgers when Leo Durocher became manager instead of him.

1939

July 4: The Yankees gave Lou Gehrig a farewell ceremony. Ruth and Gehrig, who had had a falling out years ago, embraced on the field.

Aug. 26: The first televised major-league baseball games were shown on experimental station W2XBS (a doubleheader between the Cincinnati Reds and the Brooklyn Dodgers).

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1940

June 14: In German-occupied Poland, the Nazis opened their concentration camp at Auschwitz.

July: Ruth challenged Ty Cobb to a charity golf match, and lost a best-of-three match.

November: Ruth got $25,000 to play himself in Pride of the Yankees.

1941

Dec. 7: Japan attacked Pearl Harbor.

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Dec. 8: The United States entered World War II as Congress declared war against Japan, a day after Pearl Harbor.

1944

April 2: Ruth took part in a wrestling match as a referee.

Nov. 7: President Franklin Roosevelt won an unprecedented fourth term, defeating Thomas Dewey.

1945

Aug. 15: V-J Day marked the end of World War II in the Pacific, as Japan surrendered to the United States.

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1946

May 16: Ruth flew to Mexico to support the Mexican Baseball League. He took some batting practice before games.

1947

Jan. 15: Ruth was found to have cancer.

April 15: Jackie Robinson of the Brooklyn Dodgers becomes the first black man to play in the major leagues.

April 27: It was "Babe Ruth Day" at Yankee Stadium as baseball fans across the country honored the ailing star. His voice damaged by throat cancer, Ruth thanked fans in a short address.

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May: The Ford Motor Company named Ruth the head of the American Legion Baseball Leagues.

June 20: Benjamin "Bugsy" Siegel was shot dead at the order of mob associates.

June 25: Ruth returned to the hospital, but was soon released.

July: Ruth received $150,000 for the rights to a book and movie called "The Babe Ruth Story."

1948

June 13: Ruth was a guest at the 25th anniversary of Yankee Stadium, using a bat for a cane.

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July 26: Ruth attended the premiere of "The Babe Ruth Story," returning to the hospital afterward.

Aug. 10: Allen Funt's "Candid Microphone," later titled "Candid Camera," made its TV debut on ABC.

Aug. 13: Ruth's condition was listed as critical.

Aug. 15: Ruth kissed his wife, Claire, goodbye.

Aug. 16: Babe Ruth died at 8:01 a.m. in New York at age 53.

ALL ABOUT BABE

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By the numbers; As a Red Sox pitcher, he won 24 games in 1917,. Since then, only three Red Sox have exceeded that mark: Wes Ferrell (25 in 1935), Boo Ferriss (25 in 1946).

Nickname: Sultan of swat.

Tidbit: He was trained shirtmaker

Quiz: Among Pitchers with more than 15 wins against the Yankees, who holds the best lifetime record against them?

Quote: "The fans would rather see me hit one homer to right than three doubles to left."

ALL ABOUT BABE

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By the numbers: He usually used a 44-ounce bat but occasionally swung a 52-ouncer, the heaviest in big-league history.

Nickname: Potentate of the Pill

Tidbit: In 1924, he and Charlie Chaplin were voted America's two most widely known celebrities.

Quiz: When Ruth joined the Yankees for the 1920 season, he replaced Sammy Vick as the regular right fielder. Name the NFL Hall of Famer who played six games in right field for the Yankees the previous year.

Quote: "What I am, what I have, what I am going to leave behind me -- all this I owe to the game of baseball, without which I would have come out of St. Mary's Industrial School in Baltimore a tailor, and a pretty bad one, at that."

ALL ABOUT BABE

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By the numbers: His final home run, one of three hit May 25, 1935, traveled an estimated 600 feet.

Nickname: King of Klout

Tidbit: One of his most common responses to crowd ovations was a military salute.

Quiz: What do ex-Yankees George Selkirk, Allie Clark, Bud Metheny, Cliff Mapes and Ducky Medwick have in common?

Quote: "I've heard people say that the trouble with the world is that we haven't enough great leaders. I think we haven't enough great followers. I have stood side by side with great thinkers -- surgeons, engineers, economists; men who deserve a great following -- and have heard the crowd cheer me instead."

ALL ABOUT BABE

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By the numbers: His 375 combined hits (205) and walks (170) in 1923 are a major-league record.

Nickname: High Priest of Swat Tidbit: His favorite radio program was "The Lone Ranger."

Quiz: What two pitchers, both in the Hall of Fame, gave up a home run to Babe Ruth in 1927, during his march to 60, and a hit to Joe DiMaggio during his 56-game hitting streak?

Quote: "If it wasn't for baseball, I'd be in either the penitentiary or the cemetery. I have the same violent temper my father and older brother had. Both died of injuries from street fights in Baltimore, fights begun by flare-ups of their tempers."

ALL ABOUT BABE

By the numbers: His home run ratios of 8.5 per 100 at-bats in the regular season and 11.6 in the World Series are major-league records.

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Nickname: Czar of Clout

Tidbit: He was fluent in German.

Quiz: Who broke Ruth's major-league record of 29 consecutive scoreless World Series innings?

Quote: "If I'd just tried for them dinky singles, I could've batted around .600."

ALL ABOUT BABE

By the numbers: His major-league record lifetime slugging average of .690 is 56 points higher than that of runner-up Ted Williams.

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Nickname: Human Howitzer

Tidbit: To treat the common cold, he would chew on an onion.

Quiz: Who played Ruth in the movie about Lou Gehrig's life, "The Pride of the Yankees"?

Quote: "I suppose you were in the war?" (on being introduced to Marshal Foch, the French war hero in the early 1920s)

ALL ABOUT BABE

By the numbers: His longest regular-season home run was 602 feet in 1926 in Detroit. The ball rolled to a stop 800 to 850 feet from home plate.

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Nickname: Rajah of Rap

Tidbit: In 1923, he was walked intentionally with the bases loaded.

Quiz: What NFL Hall of Famer gave up two of Ruth's 60 home runs in 1927?

Quote: "I want to settle all arguments: I didn't exactly point to any spot, like the flagpole. Anyway, I didn't mean to, I just sorta waved at the whole fence, but that was foolish enough. All I wanted to do was give that thing a ride . . . outta the park . . . anywhere." (on his so-called called shot in the 1932 World Series)

ALL ABOUT BABE

By the numbers: He is the only player to twice hit grand slams in consecutive games.

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Nickname: Mauling Monarch

Tidbit: He once ate an 18-egg omelet, three big slices of ham, six slices of buttered toast and four cups of coffee.

Quiz: Ruth hit 467 home runs in the 1920s. Who was second with 250?

Quote: "A man ought to get all he can earn. A man who knows he's making money for other people ought to get some of the profit he brings in. Don't make any difference if it's baseball or a bank or a vaudeville show. It's business, I tell you. There ain't no sentiment to it. Forget that stuff."

ALL ABOUT BABE

By the numbers: He stole home 10 times and led the Yankees in stolen bases three times.

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Nickname: Behemoth of Bust

Tidbit: Terrible at remembering names, he would call people, "Kid," "Doc" or "Stud." Women under 35 were "Sister," and older women were "Mom."

Quiz: Ruth led the AL in home runs for two different teams, the Yankees and Red Sox. Name the only player to lead for three different teams.

Quote: "I had a better year than he did." (when told in 1930 that President Hoover made less than the $80,000 Ruth was demanding)

ALL ABOUT BABE

By the numbers: His 457 total bases in 1921 is a major-league record.

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Nickname: Billion Dollar Fish

Tidbit: To cool his head on hot days, he would place iced cabbage leaves under his cap.

Quiz: Ruth holds the major-league record for most home runs in consecutive seasons (114 in 1927 and 1928) and is second as well (113 in 1920 and 1921). Who is third with 106 in 1932 and 1933?

Quote: "All I can tell them is pick a good one and sock it. I get back to the dugout and they ask me what it was I hit and I tell them I don't know except it looked good."

Answers

1. Babe Ruth (17-5).

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2. President Cleveland's daughter, Ruth.

3. George Halas.

4. They wore No. 3 before the Yankees retired it in Ruth's honor in 1948.

5. Lefty Grove and Ted Lyons.

6. Whitey Ford in 1961.

7. Babe Ruth.

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8. Ernie Nevers.

9. Rogers Hornsby.

10. Reggie Jackson: Athletics, Yankees and Angels.

11. Jimmie Foxx.

12. The first night game, at Crosley Field in Cincinnati.

13. Mickey Mantle.

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14. Roger Connor.

15. He hit No. 3 in the batting order.

16. Al Benton, in 1934 and 1952.

17. Ernie Shore.

18. Jimmie Foxx, Ralph Kiner, Mickey Mantle and Willie Mays.

19. Goose Goslin.

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20. Heinie Manush.

21. Jimmie Reese.

22. Doug DeCinces.

23. Willie Mays.


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