The League of Women Voters' guide to candidates for the general election CAMPAIGN 1994

The League of Women Voters is a nonpartisan organization that works to promote political reponsibility through the informed and active participation of citizens in their governemnt. The League does not support or oppose any political party or candidate.

The candidates' answers appear as submitted in reponse to a nonpartisan questionnaire. If answers exceeded the specified word limitation, the additional words were cut where practical, or at the end of the candidate's statement. All candidates were asked the same questions as other candidates running for the same office.


An asterisk (*) denotes incumbents.

The League assumes no responsibility for errors or omissions. This guide was produced by The Sun in cooperation with the League.



, POLLS OPEN: 7 a.m. to 8 p.m.


Following are questions each candidate for House of Representatives was asked to answer in 50 words or less:

Health Care: Concerning national health care, what are your views and positions on (1) universal coverage, (2) coverage for reproductive health, including prenatal care, family planning, and abortion, (3) financing by employer-employee contributions, and (4) cost controls?

Crime: What is your position on licensing gun owners and registration of guns? What approaches would you advocate for the prevention and control of crime?

Welfare: How would you reform the welfare system to reduce long-term dependence on it without jeopardizing the well-being of children?

Property Compensation: Explain your position on legislation that would expand requirements for government to compensate property owners when the potential use of their property is restricted by government regulations?


U.S. Role Abroad: What should be the role of the U.S. and its military establishment in the world's spreading civil conflicts?

Economy: What should be the federal government's international economic policies? Should they be related to human rights actions or other aspects of foreign policy?

Issues: What are the most important issues facing our nation and how would you respond to them?


(Vote for 1)

Ralph T. Gies (D)


Age: 69

Education: B.S.; Accounting.

Experience (Work) Accountant, Computer System Analyst and Programmer, Tax and Accounting Business. (Volunteer) Church, Club activities; Charitable and social. (Awards) Sons of American Revolution Citizenship Award, Recognition Awards re. Volunteer Work.

Health Care: (1) It would be heartless not to want universal health care. (2) When "reproductive health" goes beyond prenatal and infant care, it is neither reproductive nor healthful. (3) As a small business owner, I cannot afford a health plan. (4) "Quality of life" should not be subject to "cost controls."

Crime: Stay within the constitution as re. licensing and registration. I advocate: Enforce laws; no bail; serve full terms; teach moral values; stop bashing religion in the name of freedom and rights; get away from this condom mentality; allow God into the schools; encourage the traditional family structure.

Welfare: Punish abusers: i.e. live-in soul mates, recipients of unreported incomes; renters of "welfare children." Don't make benefits so attractive they discourage employment. Carefully monitor owners of subsidized low-cost housing. Instill family values by home visits and school instructions. Identify non-supportive parents and make them pay.


Property Compensation: Property owners should be given much more consideration than at present. Some possibilities are: payment of non-taxable rent, tied in with inflation; reduction or elimination of property tax; assist landlords with property maintenance; allow special privileges to owners.

U.S. Role Abroad: If the treatment of defenseless people becomes widespread we should first try to get a cooperative movement going through the U.N., NATO, etc., but not let them procrastinate.

Economy: This question is too broad a subject to even have an opinion in 50 words or less.

Issues: (1) Support family and religious values instead of legislating against them. (2) A balanced budget -- without stability, even the best programs will fail. (3) Streamline legislation. (4) Reform the legal system to insure speedy trials, true justice, proper sentencing and more punishment without parole.

*Wayne T. Gilchrest (R)

Age: 48


Education: College, B.A.

Experience: (Work) U.S. Marine Corps; Sergeant Vietnam; High School Teacher, American History, Civics, Government. (Volunteer) Boy Scouts; Little League Baseball; Kent Youth Forest Service. (Awards) Purple Heart, Bronze Star, Navy Commendation Medal.

Health Care: I support universal access to health care, but I do not support creating a health entitlement. I support coverage for prenatal care and family planning, but I do not support mandated or publicly-funded abortion coverage. I oppose employer mandates and I support market discipline over government price controls.

Crime: I have supported limited efforts at gun control, such as the Brady Bill and the Assault Weapon Ban, but I don't think gun control will solve the crime problem. Crime control depends on the assurance of sure and stern punishment. This will require an increased investment in police officers and prisons.

Welfare: Welfare reform has to discourage long-term dependency and illegitimacy, and promote personal responsibility. I would support a two-year benefit limit with a public work requirement, and mandatory paternity establishment. Training and education should be available in the two-year period, and day care is essential.

Property Compensation: I do not support compensation legislation in most cases. There is neither precedent nor justification for paying people to not pollute. The vast majority of environmental law is designed to prevent people from harming other people's property or public natural resources; we shouldn't have to pay people to avoid public harm.


U.S. Role Abroad: The U.S. military should only be used in cases where there is a defined, achievable military objective, a time-line for achieving the objective, and a reasonable plan for preserving peace after we leave. In these cases, troops should be used to protect U.S. interests and when humanitarianism demands action.

Economy: I believe that our international economic policies should foster free trade, with the assumption that political freedom will follow economic freedom. Trade can be used as a carrot to foster environmental and labor policies, but it should not be used as a stick. Trading freely, democracy is our biggest export.

Issues: This cannot be answered in fifty words but: 1) environmental degradation, which is addressed through environmental protection (obviously), 2) Debt and deficit, addressed by cutting spending, and 3) Economic growth and job creation, addressed by eliminating tax and regulatory policies which are anti-growth. These are the main problems government can help solve.