Yeshayahu LeibowitzIsraeli philosopherYeshayahu Leibowitz, 91, Israel's leading...

Yeshayahu Leibowitz

Israeli philosopher


Yeshayahu Leibowitz, 91, Israel's leading philosopher and a major critic of Israeli occupation of Palestinian land, died Thursday in Jerusalem.

He was found dead of a heart attack, Israel radio said.


He was an authority on Jewish philosophy and religion, an editor of the Hebrew Encyclopedia and a professor of biochemistry and neurophysiology. A deeply observant Jew, his most consistent religious message was that the service of God must be for its own sake, divorced of any worldly aims like human perfection or national redemption.

* Elias Canetti, 89, a Nobel literature laureate who championed the German language as avidly as he opposed Nazism, died Aug. 14 in Zurich, Switzerland. The cause of death was not disclosed. The Bulgarian-born British citizen won the Nobel Prize for Literature in 1981. He was buried Wednesday next to the grave of Irish author James Joyce, who died in Zurich in 1941. His literary reputation was almost three decades in the making. He developed a wide following among German readers only in 1960 with the publication of the first volume of his major work, "Masse und Macht" (Crowds and Power).

* Angelo J. Leno, 83, father of "The Tonight Show" host Jay Leno, died Wednesday in Andover, Mass.

* John Doucette, 73, who played mainly western roles in dozens of films, died Tuesday in Banning, Calif. He appeared in more than 130 films, often as sheriffs, outlaws or similar characters. He worked with Marlon Brando in "Julius Caesar," John Wayne in "True Grit" and George C. Scott in "Patton." He also appeared in television shows including "The Lone Ranger" and "Kung Fu."

* Ernst Pawel, 74, a translator for an insurance company who also wrote an award-winning biography of Franz Kafka, died Tuesday of cancer in New York. Fluent in at least 12 languages, he worked at the New York Life Insurance Co. for 36 years. He retired in 1982. His 1984 book on Kafka, "The Nightmare of Reason," received the Alfred Harcourt Award in biography and memoirs. He also wrote a biography of German poet Heinrich Heine and of Theodore Herzl, the founder of Zionism.

* John A. Baker, a vice president of the Atlantic Council and a retired foreign service officer who specialized in East European affairs, died on Tuesday at his home in Washington. He was 66. The cause was prostate cancer, his wife, Dr. Katherine Baker, said. Mr. Baker served in the State Department at posts in Belgrade, Serbia; Moscow; Prague, Czech Republic; and Rome; from 1951 until his retirement in 1986. He was director of East European affairs, deputy assistant secretary for international organizations, and deputy assistant secretary for intelligence and research. From 1980 until his retirement, Mr. Baker taught at the National War College. He then joined the Atlantic Council, which promotes understanding of international issues, and was its vice president for education and civil-military programs. Mr. Baker graduated from Yale University in 1949, and also received a doctorate in political science from American University.

* C. Michael Lane, a faux-finish artist whose work was featured in HG and American Homestyle magazines, died Aug. 7 in a New York City nursing home. He was 46 and lived in Manhattan. The cause of death was AIDS, said a friend, Jacqueline Coumans. Mr. Lane was known for his ability to re-create centuries-old painting techniques, many of which mimicked semiprecious stone.

* Howard Bachrach, a New York lawyer who specialized in international law, died Wednesday in New York Hospital. Mr. Bachrach, who lived in New York City was 81. The cause was pneumonia, said his wife, Ruth Bachrach. Mr. Bachrach was senior international counsel in the New York office of the Cleveland law firm of Squire, Sanders & Dempsey. Mr. Bachrach was the legal representative in the United States for several Belgian corporations. He received a law degree from the University of Brussels and a doctorate in law from St. John's University.


* Anne Freeman Turpin, a retired director of special learning at St. Bernard's School in New York City, died Thursday at her home in Richmond, Va. She was 70. The cause was cancer, said her son, Douglas Ochs Adler. Throughout her life, Mrs. Turpin worked with children who had learning problems. She began her teaching career at the Birch Wathen Lenox School in New York in 1971, and moved in 1977 to St. Bernard's School, from which she retired in 1992. Mrs. Turpin, a native of Richmond, lived in New York for 45 years after her graduation from Vassar College in 1945. In 1970, she received a master's degree from Teachers College at Columbia University. She was the daughter of Douglas Southall Freeman, the editor of the Richmond News Leader and a biographer of George Washington and Robert E. Lee.

* Frank Joseph Anderson, one of the horticultural world's pre-eminent authors and scholars of medieval and Renaissance botany, and honorary curator of rare books and manuscripts at ** the New York Botanical Garden, died Monday at the New York Hospital-Cornell Medical Center. He was 82 and lived in Jackson Heights, N.Y. He died of complications after an extended illness, said Harry Morriss, his brother-in-law. At the time of his death, he was translating from Latin to English one of the Botanical Garden's prize possessions, the earliest known manuscript of "Circa instans," a pivotal work in botany and pharmacology, handwritten on vellum by 12th-century monks. Mr. Anderson was born in New York on July 22, 1912, and graduated from the School of Fine and Applied Arts of Pratt Institute in 1934.