* Paul Shulman, 72, the U.S. Navy officer who went on to become the first commander of Israel's navy, died Monday of heart disease and was buried the same day in Haifa, where he lived. A New York City native, he was deputy commander of a destroyer in World War II and left the U.S. Navy in 1945 as a lieutenant junior grade. He immediately joined the effort to smuggle Jewish refugees and arms from Europe as part of the struggle against the British and the Arabs in Palestine. In November 1948, six months after the establishment of Israel, Prime Minister David Ben-Gurion asked Mr. Shulman -- then 26 -- to set up and command Israel's navy. In his nine months in the job, he laid the ground for today's Israeli navy, known for its efficiency in protecting Israel's borders from guerrilla incursions. He also commanded two important actions at the end of Israel's Independence War -- the blockade of the Gaza Strip and the capture of Ein Gedi, securing Israel's hold of the Dead Sea's southwestern coast.
* University of Minnesota physicist Alfred O.C. Nier, 82, whose research helped lead to the development of the atomic bomb, died Monday in Minneapolis. In 1938, working with a mass spectrometer, an instrument used to weigh and sort atoms, he measured the various isotopes or atomic forms of lead. The results allowed a determination of the age of the Earth at about 5 billion years. In 1940, at the request of physicist Enrico Fermi, he used a mass spectrometer in his basement workshop at the university to identify uranium-235 as the type of uranium that could sustain slow-neutron fission. The results helped lead to the development of the atomic bomb. He went to work in 1943 in Oak Ridge, Tenn., on the Manhattan Project to develop the bomb.
* Mario Einaudi, 89, a writer and university professor who immigrated to the United States in the 1930s to escape fascist Italy, died Sunday in the house where he was born in Dogliani, Italy, a small town in the northern Piedmont region, the foundation named after his father said. He was the son of Luigi Einaudi, an economist who was the first president of the Italian Republic after World War II. He graduated from Turin University with a degree in political science and left for the United States in 1933. He taught at Cornell University from 1945 to 1973, where he founded the Center for International Studies. His best known books include "The Roosevelt Revolution," published in 1959, and "The Early Rousseau" in 1967.
* John Keets, 20, a hemophiliac who contracted AIDS at 15 and devoted his life to educating other teen-agers about the disease, died Monday in Canton, Ill. He established the Keets Foundation to raise money for AIDS research. His annual fund-raising march generated $42,000 in 1991 and $51,300 in 1992. In 1992, he won the Noxzema Extraordinary Teen Award for public service.
* Jacques Muhlethaler, 75, a pacifist educator decorated by the French government and the United Nations, died of cancer Sunday in Geneva, Switzerland. In 1967, he founded the World Association for the School as an Instrument of Peace, which promotes the teaching of human rights and peace to children. He received the French government's Premier Prize for human rights in 1989 and UNESCO's Comenius medal in 1993.
* Carlos Allende, 52, a nephew of Chile's late president Salvador Allende, was found dead of a heart attack Monday in his hotel room in Cannes, France. A naturalized French citizen, he was a director for state-owned France Television. He had been organizing TV coverage of the Cannes Film Festival at the time of his death.
* Beryl Ann Brownell, 74, a retired editor at the Post-Tribune of Gary, died Saturday in Valparaiso, Ind. She began her newspaper career as a sports editor during World War II. She started at the Post-Tribune in 1942, becoming editor of the Sunday and Family World section in 1979. Although she retired in 1982, she continued writing a column and travel-related stories for several more years.
* Former Rep. Robert Thompson Secrest, 90, a force in Ohio politics for 45 years, died Sunday in Cambridge, Ohio. The teacher from a one-room schoolhouse began his political career in 1931, when he was elected to the Ohio House. The following year, the Democrat won a seat in Congress, where he served off and on until 1977.
* Julia Andrews Bissell, 87, a patron of the arts and moving force in the restoration of the historic Kenmore mansion and museum in Fredericksburg, Va., died Sunday at the Medical College of Georgia Hospital in Augusta. She had homes in Chadds Ford, Pa., and Aiken, S.C. She was a member of the du Pont family of Wilmington, Del., and was also associated with the Winterthur Museum and Gardens near Wilmington. She was a past president and longtime member of the board of the Delaware Art Museum and a trustee of the Friends of American Art at Yale University. Her patronage of Kenmore, a pre-Revolutionary Georgian mansion and one of the country's foremost house museums, spanned more than half a century. It was the home of Fielding Lewis, whose wife, Betty, was George Washington's only sister. Kenmore, a rambling mansion, is noted for its interiors and period furnishings that are based on inventories taken in 1782 before the sale of the original contents.