WASHINGTON -- In another instance of a problem that has plagued the Clinton administration for a year, the White House acknowledged yesterday that Defense Secretary-designate Bobby Ray Inman did not pay Social Security taxes for a part-time housekeeper he and his wife have employed since 1986.
Mr. Inman paid some $6,000 in back taxes yesterday, and any additional fees in the form of penalties or interest would be
calculated by the Internal Revenue Service, White House officials said.
Communications Director Mark Gearan also said that Mr. Inman had informed President Clinton of this situation before being selected last week to replace Les Aspin at the Pentagon.
Neither White House aides nor key Senate officials thought this disclosure would be fatal to Mr. Inman's confirmation, but the revelation comes at a time when questions are being raised about the former admiral's business acumen.
Although both the president and Mr. Inman touted his 1980s private-sector experience as a solid qualification for the top Pentagon job, that experience included helping lead one Fortune 500 company, defense contractor Tracor Inc., into bankruptcy.
The issue of paying taxes for domestic help -- an issue most Americans have never thought of -- came up in January when it was learned that Zoe Baird, a corporate attorney tapped by Mr. Clinton for attorney general, had hired illegal aliens to care for her child -- and failed to pay their Social Security taxes.
At first, no one in the administration or on Capitol Hill seemed to understand the message this sent to everyday Americans. Ms. Baird said that her husband had handled the matter -- and that he had been given bad legal advice -- which seemed to satisfy official Washington.
But Ms. Baird's $507,000 annual corporate salary and the fact that the job in question was the nation's top law enforcement post made ordinary Americans unsympathetic, even indignant. When this finally registered at the White House, her nomination was pulled even as she tried desperately to defend herself before the Senate Judiciary Committee.
Mr. Clinton next settled on U.S. District Judge Kimba Wood for attorney general, but she was dropped like a hot potato when the White House learned that she and her husband had hired an illegal immigrant -- even though that wasn't illegal to do at the time and even though the couple did pay all the required Social Security taxes.
The two cases were front-page stories from coast to coast and sent well-to-do Americans scurrying to their accountants and tax lawyers. But apparently not Mr. Inman, who waited until yesterday to pay his back taxes.
The Zoe Baird case forced other Clinton appointees to straighten out their tax records last winter. Two Cabinet officers, Secretary of Commerce Ronald H. Brown and Transportation Secretary Federico Pena, paid back taxes after revealing that they had not paid Social Security taxes for domestic workers.
They were already on the job. But two who were not didn't fare so well.
Washington lawyer Charles Ruff, under consideration for one of the top three jobs at the Justice Department, and U.S. Appeals Court Judge Stephen G. Breyer -- a finalist for the U.S. Supreme Court -- were passed over, at least in part, when White House aides revealed that they had "Zoe Baird problems."
By the time Judge Breyer was passed over, embarrassed congressional leaders had seen enough: The violations were getting progressively more technical and trivial. Judge Breyer, for instance, failed to pay Social Security taxes for an 81-year-old Irish woman who was already drawing Social Security benefits and who came into his house one or two mornings a week to bake cookies, chat and do a little light cleaning.
But the law requires employers to pay Social Security and Medicare taxes for anyone who is paid more than $50 in a calendar quarter, regardless of whether that person is a professional house cleaner or a kid down the street who cuts the grass.
Even the notoriously literal IRS has acknowledged that the law, enacted in 1950 when a $50 threshold seemed high enough, is more often ignored than obeyed.
Pledging to bring the law up to date, Senate leaders assured the White House earlier this year that they would not consider such ** tax problems to be a disqualification so long as the nominee voluntarily disclosed the liability and agreed to pay back taxes.
Thus, this issue would not seem to be a problem for Mr. Inman, except for one large, looming question: Why, in the face of all the publicity about this issue, did Mr. Inman wait until after he was nominated to begin paying his taxes?
"He'll have to answer that at his confirmation hearing," said one ,, senior White House official. "I do not know."
The Clintonites were not the only ones put in an awkward position by the Inman revelations.
Prominent women's rights activists, while privately wondering why Mr. Inman was given the benefit of the doubt when Ms. Wood was thrown to the wolves, were caught in a dilemma about what to say publicly.
"It's a tough one for people who care about the principles involved," said one well-known feminist leader, who is a Democratic Party activist. "You'd like to speak out, but there's a competing interest on the other side -- we want Bill Clinton to be successful." "I think you'll see a lot of discreet silence," added this woman.
Even Harriett F. Woods, the outspoken president of the National Women's Political Caucus, was generally circumspect but said: "Highly qualified women were sacrificed before the White House wised up and realized that this law is totally unrealistic and needs to be updated," Ms. Woods said. "It's too bad some really good women lost out over what is now being fluffed over for a candidate they really want."
CASUALTIES AND SURVIVORS
Zoe Baird -- The case that started it all. A corporate lawyer for Aetna, she was forced to withdraw her nomination for attorney general after it was revealed she had hired illegal aliens and failed to pay their Social Security taxes.
Judge Kimba Wood -- The U.S. district judge was dropped from consideration for attorney general at the last minute after it was revealed she had hired an undocumented alien, although she had paid Social Security taxes.
Charles Ruff -- Under consideration for a high Justice Department post, the Washington lawyer and former Justice Department official was crossed off the list after allegations of a Zoe Baird-type problem surfaced.
Judge Stephen G. Breyer -- The U.S. appeals court judge was passed over for a nomination to the Supreme Court, although failure to pay Social Security taxes on a part-time maid was not the only reason.
Ronald H. Brown and Federico Pena -- Mr. Brown, secretary of commerce, and Mr. Pena, secretary of transportation, were already on the job and said they didn't know they were required to withhold taxes for domestic workers. After the Zoe Baird controversy, they paid the taxes.
Shirley Sears Chater -- The Social Security Administration commissioner failed to pay taxes on a part-time baby-sitter she employed from 1969 to 1975. She paid back taxes for the baby-sitter after her nomination.
Lawrence H. Thompson -- The principal deputy commissioner of the Social Security Administration paid back taxes in January for a one-day-a-month employee in his Alexandria, Va., home.