Albert Smith Bigelow
Pacifist, rights activist
WALPOLE, Mass. -- Albert Smith Bigelow, 87, a pacifist who tried several times to sail into a nuclear testing area near the Marshall Islands in 1958 in a protest against nuclear weapons, died Wednesday at a retirement home here after a long illness.
Mr. Bigelow, who served as a naval lieutenant commander aboard destroyer escorts in the Pacific theater in World War II, became a Quaker and a follower of the teachings of Mohandas K. Gandhi in 1954.
On Feb. 10, 1958, he and three Quakers set sail from San Pedro, Calif., in a 30-foot ketch, the Golden Rule, for Eniwetok Atoll in the Western Pacific to try to halt nuclear tests that were to be held there two months later. After being turned back by storms, they later reached Honolulu but were never able to reach their ultimate destination.
Three attempts to reach Eniwetok were intercepted by Coast Guard cutters enforcing a federal court injunction against entering the testing grounds. After the final attempt, the crew was jailed for 60 days.
His religious convictions led him to participate in a 1954 protest of chemical weapons at Fort Dietrich, Md., and later to take in, with his wife, two women who had been disfigured by the atomic bomb that the United States dropped on Hiroshima, Japan, Aug. 6, 1945.
That experience, he later wrote, "forced me to see that I had no choice but to make the commitment to live, as best I could, a life of nonviolence."
Besides helping to organize and taking part in demonstrations against nuclear warfare, he was an ardent advocate of civil rights.
Radio, TV, film actress
NEW YORK -- Fran Carlon, an actress who worked in radio, television, films and theater, died of cancer Monday at her home in Manhattan.
Miss Carlon, 80, began her career in the early 1930s, playing Little Eva in a touring company of "Uncle Tom's Cabin." She went on to Hollywood and acted in films with Loretta Young, Douglas Montgomery and the Ritz Brothers before turning to radio drama, appearing in shows like "Lorenzo Jones" and "Our Gal Sunday." She also played Lorelei Kilbourne on the radio show "Big Town."
Her Broadway credits included "Sunrise at Campobello" and "Men of Distinction." On television, she played the title character on "Portia Faces Life" and was Julia Burke for six years on "As the World Turns."
NEW YORK -- Joseph Warren, 77, a character actor who appeared in dozens of plays and films, died of respiratory failure Oct. 1 at the Village Nursing Home in Manhattan.
He had lived in the nursing home since suffering a stroke in 1990.
Mr. Warren made his Broadway debut in 1951 in Maxwell Anderson's "Barefoot in Athens" and subsequently appeared in "One Bright Day," "The Hidden River," "The Advocate," "Philadelphia, Here I Come," "Borstal Boy," "The Lincoln Mask" and "Monday After the Miracle."
At the New York Shakespeare Festival he appeared in "Little Black Sheep," "Measure for Measure," "The Ballad of Soapy Smith" and "Hamlet." He also acted in productions of "The Show-Off," "Of Mice and Men," "The Aristocrats," "An Enemy of the People" and "Brecht on Brecht."
He was a founding member of the Pearl Theater Company and appeared in many productions with that group. His feature films included "Mommie Dearest," "Taxi Driver," "Me, Natalie," "Thieves" and "Bang the Drum Slowly."
George DeSipio Jr., 37, one of the founders of Living Proof, a traveling exhibition of photographs of men, women and children who are infected with HIV or who have AIDS, died of AIDS Oct. 2 at New York Hospital-Cornell Medical Center.
Tom Bristol Coughran, 87, a banking executive who was an assistant secretary of the Treasury during the Eisenhower administration, died of heart failure Oct. 2 at Alexandria Hospital in Virginia.
O. Spurgeon English, 92, one of the first psychotherapists to write about the connections between mental and physical health, died Sunday in Haverford, Pa. In the 1940s, he co-wrote the book "Psychosomatic Medicine," the first medical text to make the connection between stress and physical ailments. He frequently spoke out about the role of emotions in mental and physical health, and urged people to ward off depression by indulging themselves. In the 1951 book "Fathers are Parents Too," he argued men need to be more involved with their 'D children and give equal treatment to sons and daughters.