M. Allan BealOceanographerSAN DIEGO -- M. Allan...


M. Allan Beal


SAN DIEGO -- M. Allan Beal, an oceanographer whose Arctic Ocean research helped submarines navigate waters beneath ice, died July 20 of lung cancer.

The 65-year-old scientist was one of the first to use sound waves to study the ice-covered ocean. He traveled as chief scientist on icebreaker expeditions and nuclear submarine voyages in the Arctic. He spent time in Point Barrow, Alaska, installing a gauge that measured tides in frozen waters, then moved to Point Loma's Arctic Submarine Laboratories in 1959, where he worked for 31 years before retiring.

* Francis Bouygues, 70, a hard-nosed French businessman who built one of the world's largest construction groups and later diversified into the media business, died of a heart attack Saturday at his vacation home in St. Malo, Britanny.

* M. Ali Aghassi, 82, an Iranian immigrant who became a United Nations diplomat, died yesterday of a heart attack in San Diego. In the late 1950s and early '60s, he was the personal representative of the U.N. secretary general. For a time, he commanded all U.N. and U.S. forces in Korea.

* Richard Cruz, 50, a lawyer who spent his career crusading for the rights of Mexican-Americans, died Wednesday of lung cancer in Los Angeles. In the late 1960s and early '70s, Mr. Cruz helped lead La Raza Unida, the political party of the Chicano movement. He was arrested on Christmas Eve, 1969, after helping to lead a demonstration demanding greater Hispanic representation in the high ranks of the Catholic Church. The demonstration became a riot. Such incidents created resistance from the State Bar when Mr. Cruz tried to become a lawyer. He overcame its initial rejection with the help of the American Civil Liberties Union and became a legal advocate for the Hispanic community.

* John M. Culkin, 65, a critic who analyzed the effects that television and film have on society and advised the creators of "Sesame Street," died Friday of cancer in New York. A Jesuit priest who taught at Fordham University, he theorized that the electronic media began to exert a strong influence on young people in the 1960s, leading to a cultural gap between them and older generations. He advocated using modern communications to enhance education and advised the creators of the popular children's television show "Sesame Street." He left the priesthood and Fordham in 1969, then founded the Center for Understanding Media in New York City, which conducts re

search and sponsors projects in education, communications and the arts.

* Albert Micale, 79, a Western artist and sculptor who also illustrated the Roy Rogers cartoon strip, died June 6 in Scottsdale, Ariz. He attended the Pratt Art Institute in New York City but left to become a free-lance illustrator for Street and Smith, a Western magazine-publishing company. He was hired for the cartoon strip later.

* Abram L. Sachar, 94, an author, historian and founding president of Brandeis University, died Saturday in Newton, Mass. He wrote several books, including "The Course of Our Times," "A History of the Jews," "The

Redemption of the Unwanted," "Sufferance is the Badge," and a history of Brandeis, "A Host at Last."

* Former U.S. Rep. Lera Thomas, 92, the first woman elected to Congress from Texas, died of cancer Friday in Houston. Mrs. Thomas, wife of U.S. Rep. Albert Thomas, won a special election to fill out her husband's term when he died in 1966. The congressional district covered Houston and Harris County.

* Henry L Jamieson, 81, chairman of the Franklin Group of Funds in San Mateo, Calif., who was in the mutual fund business from its early days, died of cancer July 20 at his home in Menlo Park, Calif.

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