The tug that struck and sank a sailboat near the Dundalk Marine Terminal on July 13 did not sound a warning with its horn before the collision and apparently was navigating on automatic pilot, four of the six crew members of the sailing vessel have told The Sun.
And according to the account of the accident the tug's captain gave to the U.S. Coast Guard, his vessel turned left -- the wrong direction -- just before the crash.
The impact knocked two of the sailboat's crew members into the water dangerously close to the churning propellers of the Cape Romain, a 105-foot-long tug owned by Moran Towing of Maryland Inc.
Four crew members of the 33-foot-long Lady Jane -- Wayne Steedman and his wife, Cheryl, Burton Lohnes and John Marston -- all say they saw no one at the tug's helm as it moved at high speed on the Patapsco River. It apparently was navigating on automatic pilot until just seconds before the collision, they said.
"We all had different vantage points from the deck," said Mr. Marston, who has been sailing for 35 years. "I could tell there was nobody at the wheel in the tug's pilothouse. Seconds before we were hit, a cleanshaven man appeared at the wheel and turned hard left. Then we got it."
As the tug bore down on the Lady Jane, Mr. Lohnes said it looked "like we were going to get hit by a three-story building."
"We saw it coming up the channel, and we had our eyes on it. She was moving at a high rate of speed," he said.
"When it became clear that the tug was not going to change course, our captain ordered a tack right, and the tug was right on us. Normally, we can see if anyone is at the wheel of a tug, but I didn't see anyone in the pilothouse. They sounded no horn, no signal at all."
Lt. Cmdr. Michael Kearney, the Coast Guard's senior marine safety officer for the Port of Baltimore, said the investigation will take three to six months.
The city Police Department's marine unit was on the scene minutes after the crash and took statements from both crews. But nearly two weeks after the accident, the police department has not released a report on its investigation. The department has offered no explantion for its failure to make the report public.
Maritime observers say the incident underscores the dangerous conditions on the crowded shipping channel, which is used by pleasure boats and commercial craft.
Mr. Lohnes and Mr. Steedman were rescued by a Coast Guard vessel bearing U.S. Transportation Secretary Federico F. Pena, who was in Baltimore inspecting port facilities before attending the All-Star game at Oriole Park at Camden Yards.
"I wasn't aware of the crowded conditions on the water there," Mr. Pena said last week. "It seems to me that reasonable people could sit down and achieve a compromise. . . . The port should attempt to resolve the problem before there is serious injury or death."
One source familiar with local shipping operations expressed concern about the lack of enforcement of maritime laws in the crowded Inner and Outer harbors.
"The [maritime] industry in the port sometimes resembles a Wild West town," said the source. "There's all this action going on, and the town doesn't have a sheriff."
City marine police and the Coast Guard have said the cause of the collision hinges on which vessel had the right of way and which did not yield.
The Coast Guard's Mr. Kearney said, "Generally, vessels under sail have the right of way over a motorized vessel. But that could have been superseded if the tug had been in a towing operation. There are other considerations like special navigational rules regarding channels, who does what to avoid a collision . . . This is why it [the investigation] will take so long."
But Mr. Kearney said that once it was clear a collision was going to occur, the tug should have sounded its horn -- something that never happened, the sailboat's crew contends. And vessels on a collision course should both turn to their starboard, or right, he said.The Cape Romain's skipper, Lee Lowry, told the Coast Guard the tug turned left.Edmond J. Moran Jr., president of Moran, said last week, "It is company policy not to comment on an ongoing federal investigation."Paul Swensen, vice president and general manager of the company, said there was "not a chance" to interview Mr. Lowry, the skipper of the tug, or any members of his crew.
Michael J. Prenger, a licensed bay pilot and vice president of the Association of Maryland Pilots, said the Moran company, in business since the 1860s, "has a worldwide reputation for safe and professional operations, and I can't remember anything like this happening in my time in the port."
"People have to remember a tug is a hull wrapped around a big engine and was not built to be efficient moving through the water," he said.
And, Mr. Prenger added, "Using a main shipping channel for a race and buoys as markers might not be a real good idea."
Feared for her life
Mrs. Steedman offered a vivid recollection of her nightmarish experience immediately after the collision. She said she was trapped under water in the vessel's lifelines and feared for her life.
"I was struggling for what seemed forever," she recalled. "The water was rushing at me because the tug was still pushing the Lady Jane even after it capsized. I thought I was drowning. I wondered if you just fell asleep and died.
"I can't stop thinking about it," Mrs. Steedman said. "I'm having nightmares, visions of the tug looming over us."
Mr. Steedman, on the port side of the Lady Jane working the jib sheet, said, "As the tug got closer, I was really afraid we were on a collision course. We had the right of way, sail over power. I had earlier watched that tug escort a freighter down the channel to the Key Bridge and return toward Baltimore at a high rate of speed.
"There was a certain unreality about it, as the tug kept on coming," he said. "I didn't see anybody on the bridge of the tug. And then, as if somebody were bent down and suddenly stood up in the wheelhouse of the tug, the tug churned a hard left and hit us.
"I was knocked off my feet and into the water," he said. "The tug tipped our boat over and continued to drive it. Then I saw the tug's twin propellers swinging my way. I had to swim as hard as I could so I didn't get chewed up. I was frightened and exhausted, I thought everybody was dead on the Lady Jane."
Lady Jane salvaged
The sailboat's captain, Patrick Millard, and another crew member, Michael Harrison, declined to discuss the accident. Before the collision, Mr. Millard had docked the Lady Jane in Fells Point and lived aboard the vessel. The Lady Jane was salvaged from the bottom of the Patapsco River and now rests in a marina on Boston Street.