THIS DATE IN HISTORY: JULY 12
In 100 B.C., the Roman Emperor Julius Caesar was born.
In 1543, England's King Henry VIII married his sixth and last wife, Catherine Parr, who outlived him.
In 1690 (by the New Style calendar), Protestant forces led by William of Orange defeated the Roman Catholic army of James II at the Battle of the Boyne in Ireland.
In 1817, naturalist-author Henry David Thoreau was born in Concord, Mass.
In 1854, George Eastman, inventor of the Kodak camera, was born in Waterville, N.Y.
In 1862, Congress authorized the Medal of Honor.
In 1933, the U.S. government set the minimum wage at 40 cents an hour.
In 1974, John Ehrlichman, a former aide to President Richard M. Nixon, and three others were convicted of conspiring to violate the civil rights of Daniel Ellsberg's former psychiatrist.
In 1977, President Jimmy Carter defended Supreme Court decisions limiting government payments for poor women's abortions, saying, "There are many things in life that are not fair."