Steely Dan founders get juices flowing


For Steely Dan fans, it's been a drought of biblical proportions: 12 years and counting without any new music from one of the more innovative bands of the 1970s.

There have been no albums from either of Steely Dan's founding members, Donald Fagen and Walter Becker, since 1982, when Mr. Fagen released "The Nightfly." The duo last worked together in 1980, on what would be the final Steely Dan album, "Gaucho."

As Mr. Fagen explains, he was left drained by making "The Nightfly" without his old partner, and found "I had nothing left to say."

"The '80s, personally and musically, were a trying period; I felt I was essentially out of the scene for a whole decade," he adds. "I needed to grow as a person to get the energy to record again without repeating myself. If I could've put out an uninspired record to make a living, I would have. But that's not the way I work."

The creative juices are flowing again, however.

Late last year, the taciturn keyboardist and an all-star cast released an album of rock and soul cover versions, "The New York Rock and Soul Revue: Live at the Beacon" (Giant), that included a couple of reworked Steely Dan tunes.

He's also been laboring on a solo album, which he says may be released as early as next February, with Mr. Becker producing and playing bass. And Mr. Fagen is "consulting" with his Steely Dan sidekick on a Becker solo album, tentatively set for release ++ in the fall of 1993.

What's more, Mr. Fagen and Mr. Becker have reunited for the New York Rock and Soul Revue tour, [which plays Merriweather Post Pavilion tonight]. Also performing will be Michael McDonald (who later found fame with the Doobie Brothers and as a solo artist), as well as veteran singers Boz Scaggs and Phoebe Snow.

Together, Mr. Becker and Mr. Fagen charted an alluring course through 1970s pop, blending a love of jazzy, minor-key pop melodies, shimmering production and ironic lyrics. After a string of critically acclaimed releases, the duo struck platinum (1 million sales) with "Aja" in 1977.

But with the follow-up, "Gaucho," the duo's creative partnership dissipated almost beyond repair.

"We were going through a lot of personal troubles, and we were under a lot of pressure to top 'Aja,' which had been an enormous visible success," Mr. Fagen says. "When I hear that record

['Gaucho'] now, I get the creeps."

After that, "it wasn't possible for us to go on. I thought 'Aja' was our peak, and then Walter and I just went in different directions."

Mr. Fagen worked through a bout of depression in the '80s, while Mr. Becker battled drug addiction, but the two began seeing each other off and on again to write songs beginning in 1985 (one of which is expected to surface on Mr. Fagen's next album).

Although a much-rumored Steely Dan reunion didn't take place, "we've been close since then," Mr. Fagen says. "Our relationship has improved tremendously and it's fun to be with him in the studio again. That's what was missing in 'Gaucho.' "

Mr. Becker and Mr. Fagen met at Bard College in upstate New York in the mid-'60s.

"We were writing songs together within a day of meeting each other," Mr. Fagen says. "We both had been jazz fans since we were 9 or 10 years old, listening to the same jazz shows on the radio, and we both got into soul and pop in the mid-'60s."

Mr. Fagen says the two veered toward pop because jazz was losing its appeal.

"It had begun turning into an avant-garde art form," he says. "As [saxophonist] John Coltrane took jazz further out, he destroyed what jazz had been before. I understood what was happening, but I missed the more melodic and harmonic elements in jazz. Those started turning up in the pop music of the time.

"The chords were the same, but the progressions were becoming more adventurous. And I also got into blues, the direct energy of it all."

All those elements began to show up in Steely Dan's music in the next decade. The introductory riff in one of its biggest hits, "Rikki Don't Lose That Number," was drawn from a composition by hard-bop pianist Horace Silver; "Parker's Band" saluted jazz innovator Charlie Parker; and "East St. Louis Toodle-Do" was a dexterous reading of a Duke Ellington original.

The duo's jazz obsession, Mr. Fagen's frequently cynical lyrics, even its name -- drawn from a William Burroughs novel -- gave Steely Dan a collegiate hipster veneer that turned off some critics.

But there was no denying the duo's intellect and inventiveness, how they managed to succeed as a pop band even as they thumbed their noses at pop convention.

"I hear records a certain way because I grew up a jazz fan," Mr. Fagen says. "I like a much drier sound, more up-front and direct, than is the norm in pop music.

"I don't have a car, but I hear pop radio in cabs, these little messages of what's going on. At home, I mostly listen to old jazz, blues and soul, because the mixes on these new records are so ugly I can't listen to them. Everything is so grandiose, with huge amounts of echo. So many things are used, like drum machines, without trying to make them sound musical. Because there's no soul in these machines, engineers try to compensate with massive amounts of reverb."

It sounds like Mr. Fagen's new album, a song cycle that he says will be similar in format to "The Nightfly," will be firmly in the Steely Dan tradition: pop that doesn't pander.

As Mr. Fagen says, "I just think we always had a different set of priorities."

New York Rock and Soul Revue

When: Tonight at 8.

Where: Merriweather Post Pavilion, Columbia.

Tickets: Only $17.50 lawn seats remain.

Call: (410) 730-2424.

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