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Canadian prime minister addresses Hopkins graduates Mulroney urges post-Cold War U.S. leadership, which "will cost money."


Canadian Prime Minister Brian Mulroney has told Johns Hopkins University graduates that the Western world's response to the end of the Cold War has been "hesitant and timid and out of scale with both the need and the opportunity."

Taking time out yesterday from talks in Washington to deliver the commencement address at the Hopkins Homewood campus, the Canadian leader said, "It is important that there be no withdrawal of American leadership.

"Leadership will cost money," he said. "But the Marshall Plan cost much more money than has been transferred to the former Soviet Union so far, and the Marshall Plan has repaid to the American people and to democracies everywhere its investment a thousand times over."

The university conferred some 3,700 degrees, certificates and diplomas, almost two-thirds of them master's degrees.

Honorary degrees were awarded to six men: Dr. Robert M. Heyssel, retiring president of Johns Hopkins Hospital; Abraham Horwitz, director emeritus of the Pan American Health Organization; Lee A. Iacocca, retiring Chrysler Corp. chairman; Dr. C. Everett Koop, former U.S. surgeon general; Zanvyl W. Krieger, Baltimore lawyer and philanthropist; and Michel Rocard, former prime minister of France.

Dr. Koop's award was greeted with prolonged applause that evolved into a standing ovation.

Mr. Mulroney, who met Wednesday with President Bush and was urged by reporters to join in current U.S. political disputes, began his address by listing "what I will not be discussing today -- the Toronto Blue Jays, H. Ross Perot and Murphy Brown."

He took note of Mr. Iacocca's presence to tell the graduates not to be surprised if the Hopkins ceremony ended up in a television commercial some day.

He also took advantage of Mr. Rocard's presence to lapse into an impromptu splash of French. A native of Quebec, Mr. Mulroney is equally at home in English and French.

Referring to the former Soviet Union, he said, "Economic success will go a long way towards safeguarding democracy and easing ethnic conflict, the byproduct of the [collapse of the] Soviet empire.

"People are tired, fed up and in some cases broke," he said, but the money must be found.

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