A chart in yesterday's editions of The Sun incorrectly described how the Baltimore Museum of Art uses funds it receives from city government. The money is used only to pay for a portion of salaries and a portion of utilities. Other costs, such as preserving the art collection and mounting exhibitions, are covered through private fund-raising or grants.
The Sun regrets the errors.
Walters Art Gallery director Robert Bergman stood Sunday amid throngs of visitors -- 8,200 people, the most ever to tour the museum on a single day. But instead of delighting in the turnout, Mr. Bergman was fretting about the sobering news from City Hall:
Mayor Kurt L. Schmoke's Cabinet Friday released a draft report on government reorganization that suggests the financially strapped city phase out all support to cultural institutions -- a sum that exceeds $10 million for fiscal 1992.
For the Walters, whose $6.9 million budget includes $2.2 million in city funds, the loss would be "a disaster."
Phasing out the funds "is not like sliding down a gentle hill," said Arnold Lehman, director of the Baltimore Museum of Art. "It's like falling off Mount Everest."
Leaders of other Baltimore museums, theaters and art programs -- programs that already have reduced staff, shortened hours and raised prices -- say they don't know what else they can cut.
The Cabinet proposal tempered Mr. Bergman's mood Sunday as he watched the crowds drawn by programs marking African-American Community Day.
"I thought there's just some kind of irony of my being in the midst of this amazing expression of participation while at the same time readying myself to deal with this potentially disastrous blow," he said.
At the Baltimore Museum of Art last night, the trustees were meeting and the executive committee scheduled an emergency meeting for today to discuss how the museum should try to fend off the loss of all city support.
The suggestion that City Hall get out of the business of supporting the arts appears only briefly in the draft report delivered last week to Mr. Schmoke by his Cabinet.
Ernest Freeman, the city's planning director, said the proposal is only that -- nothing definite, just an idea that the mayor wants citizens to respond to.
But he said the idea developed as Cabinet members tried to redesign city government to deal with a smaller population and a tighter budget.
"Culturals are an important part of lifestyles, of how a city is perceived," Mr. Freeman said. "But the reality of it, too, is that we've got a number of services that we deliver to citizens. Some of them are critical. Some of them are important."
Arts and culture fall into the category of important. Critical was reserved for such services as firefighting and police protection.
Clint Coleman, spokesman for the mayor, said the Cabinet members started by reconsidering all the services City Hall offers.
"The consensus," Mr. Coleman said, "was it [arts and culture] was something that it is good to have. It was good for the quality of life. But the question came back: Can we afford it? Can we get more corporate involvement? I think the consensus was: We ought to try."
Robert Keller, president of the Greater Baltimore Committee, composed of the region's largest corporations, said a city has to be more than essential services.
The arts attract customers and, thus, provide "direct dollar benefits, in that when people come into the city they spend money," Mr. Keller said. "But, more importantly, we look at [cultural programs] as something that makes a community full and rich and alive," he said.
Concerned about keeping businesses happy and the economy healthy, the GBC promotes Baltimore's arts community as part of a package meant to bring new companies here and keep good workers.
"Higher education, arts, sports -- that's what makes Baltimore a big city," Mr. Keller said. "A big city is not a number of people. It's a set of attitudes and values."
Hope Quackenbush, president of the Baltimore Center for the Performing Arts, which operates the Morris A. Mechanic Theater, says the city took over the operation 16 years ago and headed off an urban disaster.
"It was a dark theater sitting down in the middle of downtown Baltimore," she said. "We've had an enormous economic impact in the area. Call any restaurant and ask them what we contribute to the economy. Call the hotels."
The city subsidy this year is $171,000 out of a budget of about $10 million, Mrs. Quackenbush said. But the economic spinoffs far exceed the investment, she added.
At the Baltimore City Life Museums, which receives about $830,000 from the city, director Nancy Brennan said the support is important because it allows the museums to provide services to everyone. Without government help, "it just means the quality of the city is available only for people who can afford it, only for the elite," Ms. Brennan said.
Mr. Bergman, at the Walters, agreed. "If having a cultural core to our city, if having an ongoing heart and soul of our city that relates to the important aspirations of humanity is important to maintaining a vital urban community, then the cost is not only warranted but is a bargain at current prices."
"I'm an optimist," said Mr. Lehman, at the Museum of Art. "And I believe Mayor Schmoke and the leaders of our community and the people of our community will not let this happen. There's a great deal at risk."
Some of the responsibilities of the Mayor's Advisory Council on Art and Culture include advising the mayor on financial and legislative issues affecting the arts; overseeing grant contracts between the city and cultural institutions, organizing and
administering special cultural projects and activities and managing the Cloisters Children's Museum, School 33 Art Center, Artscape and the City Arts Grant Program.
The Cloisters Children's Museum seeks to promote creative growth and development for children and their families. School 33 Art Center provides arts education classes.
Artscape is an annual festival for local performing and visual artists held in the Mount Royal area.
The Mayor's Advisory Council on Arts and Culture received $6,393,969 in fiscal 1992.
CITY LIFE MUSEUMS
An agency created by ordinance to operate the Peale Museum, the Carroll Mansion, the Baltimore Center for Urban Archaeology, Brewer's Park, 1840 House and the Courtyard Exhibition. The museums drew 81,381 visitors between October 1989 and September 1990. The BCLM chronicles Baltimore Life through exhibit collection and preservation, operates historically important buildings as museums and an urban archaeology research center. The BCLM received $830,047 from the city in fiscal 1992, part of the total of $1.7 million.
MUSEUM OF ART
The Baltimore Museum of Art was established as a city agency vTC under an agreement between the city and the Trustees of the Baltimore Museum of Art Inc. The museum has 15,000 members, and more than 315,000 people visit it annually. Additionally, approximately 25,000 schoolchildren tour the museum, and 850 teachers participate in programs there. BMA's collection of more than 130,000 art objects includes 113 works by Picasso. The museum received $2,941,258 from the city in fiscal 1992, part of its total budget of about $8 million. The money is used to operate the museum, to collect and preserve a permanent art collection, to arrange for loan exhibits, to conduct lectures and seminars, to conduct tours and to provide film, music and dance programs.
The funding figures were adopted in June 1991 for fiscal 1992 and do not reflect later reductions resulting from state cuts in city aid.