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A LOOK BACK AT 1991

THE BALTIMORE SUN

January

Missing Mussari: Kenneth F. Mussari, Carroll's longtime school personnel director and a former English teacher, dies on a tripto Florida, where he and his family had traveled to see Penn State play in the Blockbuster Bowl. The makeup of the current school system staff is the contribution of the 56-year-old Mussari, who was involved in recruiting, recommending and processing applications for the past 14 years.

Police charge man: State police arrest William Howard Russell of Spring Mills Road and charge him in connection with a string of daytime burglaries in North Carroll. The 20-year-old, who is being held on$200,000 bond, is charged with 15 counts of daytime burglary, 15 counts of breaking and entering, 13 counts of theft, 12 counts of breaking and entering with intent to commit a felony and four counts of destruction of property, court records show. Police say the burglaries have resulted in the loss of more than $29,000 in cash, jewelry, guns and electronics equipment; investigators are still trying to locate the stolen property.

A corny ending: County farmers tally up an above-average yield for corn for the second straight year after numerousdroughts during the 1980s. Average yields are estimated to be around125 bushels per acre, the same as 1989, says David Greene, agriculture science extension agent. "The yields are pretty good," he notes. "Water and timely rains helped -- rain has more to do with the corn crop than any other single factor."

Chemicals alarm neighbors: Though assured by health officials that chemicals found in the home of a Gaither man who died three weeks ago pose little risk, neighbors reactangrily to the news and remain concerned that the material contaminated their own properties. County and state health officials tell morethan 50 residents at a meeting that they have seen no evidence of any radiation hazards or any leakage or dumping of chemicals kept by Phillip Small in his Patapsco Road basement and shed. But residents remain skeptical and want their land and water tested for the chemicals,which include corrosives, flammable gases and liquids and low-level radioactive materials, which Small had stored for several years in the hopes of one day starting a chemistry lab.

Citizens hire tree whiz: Concerned over the fate of trees in the path of the East Main Street renovation project, Westminster residents hire an urban forestry consultant to make recommendations to save them. Chris Cowles of Steve Clark Associates, a nationally known urban forestry consulting firmbased in Prince George's County, says, "I'm not here to take sides, just to look at the trees and the plans and figure out what's involved." His $500 fee was collected by anonymous donors.

CCC gets busy:With a downturn in the economy, officials at Carroll Community College expect an upswing in enrollment. And they haven't been disappointed; enrollment for the spring semester is up about 45 percent from last year. There are 155 more full-time and 301 more part-time students registered; so far a total of 1501 students have registered for the spring semester.

25-year mark: Delegate Richard C. Matthews, R-Carroll, and Sen Charles H. Smelser, D-Carroll, Frederick, Howard, begin their 25th year of service to the county in the state legislature. The two politicians have been able to survive so long because they understand their constituents, respond to them promptly and agree with them philosophically, say fellow Carroll delegates, political observersand business associates.

Prison after all: A 24-year-old Westminster man -- whose name is being withheld to protect the identity of the victim -- will have to serve eight years in prison after violating his probation. Judge Luke K. Burns Jr. reinstates his original sentence, handed down after the man was found guilty of beating his then 8-month-old daughter in the face and head. Last January, the child's mother told city police that she suspected her husband had abused theirdaughter again, and a doctor concluded bruises on the 2-year-old child were not accidental. Circuit Judge Raymond Beck sentenced the man to serve one year but later reduced that sentence to six months. But when the man appeared before Burns in November on charges he had violated his probation, the judge said he had been given enough chances.

School board reorganizes: The county Board of Education elects John D. Myers Jr. president, replacing T. Edward Lippy, who chose not torun for re-election last fall after serving on the board for almost two decades. The five-member board elects Cheryl A. McFalls vice president, succeeding Carolyn L. Scott.

Schools redistrict: After weighing five options and listening to lengthy public debate, the school board chooses Option D to alleviate overcrowding at Manchester and Hampstead elementaries and to balance enrollment between those schools.Under the plan, 176 students will be transferred from Manchester to Hampstead Elementary, despite the protests of a dozen parents who showed up at the board meeting.

No school again: For the third time in a week, snow closes area schools. Friday's storm dumped an additional three inches of snow on the county, which was busy digging out from the seven inches that fell on Monday and the coating of ice on Wednesday that compounded the weather woes.

Budget ax falls: Because of stagnant revenues, Carroll will spend less money on roads, bridges,buildings and schools during fiscal 1991 than it has in two years. The Management and Budget Office trims nearly $48 million from the $93.4 million that agencies wanted to spend on capital projects. Some 18road construction projects are cut, along with $9.9 million worth ofeducation construction and plans for athletic fields at Carroll Community College.

Master of the farm universe: Ralph L. Robertson Jr., a dairy farmer who owns a farm just outside of Westminster, receives a "Master Farmer" award sponsored by a Pennsylvania magazine and colleges in five states, including the University of Maryland. He was one of six winners out of 200 nominees, and the only Maryland farmer to win this year. Master farmers must show financial progress and innovation in agricultural practices and must be involved in community and agriculture organizations, says John R. Vogel, editor of Pennsylvania Farmer magazine.

Firefighters divided: The 14 volunteer fire companies are divided on a proposal to merge the governing structures of fire and emergency medical services. Six agree with the plan, whichis part of the Emergency Services Planning Board's attempt to develop a master plan for county emergency services. Three would agree to some changes, and five companies oppose the measure, fearing it will burden volunteers with still more meetings.

Westminster wavering: Westminster Mayor W. Benjamin Brown announces at a news conference that it is time to rethink the plan for reconstruction of the city's East Main Street. Residents have actively opposed the plan, which calls for widening portions of the road to 40 feet, for months.

Klan marches: About 25 robed members of the Ku Klux Klan march through Taneytown after a rally in Rocky Ridge, Frederick County, state police report. Police said the Klansmen were accompanied by a group of younger people dressed in camouflage and carrying billy clubs. The march was uneventful and the Klansmen dispersed after state police 1st Lt. Kenneth L. Tregonning talked with one of them.

Residents resent carbon:Union Bridge residents turn out in force on two nights to protest a plan by Lehigh Portland Cement Co. to burn carbon waste in its kilns.Lehigh wants the state to permit burning lumps of carbon waste mixedwith coal as an alternative fuel.

February

Counting heads: Thecounty's Planning Office, which monitors building permits, occupancyrecords and utility hookups, counted 127,559 Carroll residents on April 1. But the U.S. Census said the number for that date should have been 123,372. County officials say they won't challenge census figures since they can live with that 3 percent discrepancy.

Intersection irks drivers: Some 275 South Carroll residents cram the Liberty High School cafeteria to complain about the dangerous intersection at Mineral Hill Road and Conan Doyle Way. The recently redesigned intersection changed Mineral Hill Road from a two-lane, two-way street into aone-way street for a portion of the intersection. Southbound travelers on Mineral Hill must veer right onto Conan Doyle, stop, then re-enter Mineral Hill. Residents say motorist routinely go the wrong way down Mineral Hill to avoid the stop and additional turn; after hearingtestimony and being presented with a petition with 313 signatures, county commissioners agree the road needs changing.

Chief promises to stay: For the fifth time in as many years, Manchester's three- manpolice force has a new chief. And Donald M. Myers, 51, a former Taneytown police chief, says he plans to stay in the $23,500-a-year job until it's time to retire.

Marine is in battle: U.S. Marine Lance Cpl. Michael Earl Somers, 19, of Westminster is among the first Marines to see action in Operation Desert Storm. Somers, a 1989 graduate ofWestminster High, operates the radio on an infantry fighting vehiclein the battle for Khafji on the Kuwaiti-Saudi Arabian border.

History gives way to trucks: The State Highway Administration demolishesa 100- year-old house at 302 E. Main St. in New Windsor, after purchasing the house for $110,000. SHA officials said traffic studies and a history of accidents at the intersection left them with no choice but to demolish the house in order to make the intersection wider, thus making the turn easier for the hundreds of trucks that use the roaddaily. The route is the only access for cement trucks traveling to Lehigh in neighboring Union Bridge; a George Washington University study said 500 trucks turn at the intersection every weekday.

Tie a yellow ribbon: Countians fly flags and tie big yellow bows around trees, mailboxes, car antennas, sideview mirrors and door handles to showsupport for troops in the Persian Gulf. Local merchants report they quickly sold out of both items and are having trouble restocking.

Bar fight ends in death: Police charge 31-year-old Donald Allen McCall with first- and second-degree murder in connection with the stabbing of Roger Lee Childers, 24, of the 2500 block of Lawndale Road, the first murder in Carroll for 1991. Police said Childers was stabbed inthe chest during a fight over a pool game McCall and Childers had played earlier that night in E.J.'s bar on Main Street in Union Bridge.One of E. J.'s owners, who asked not to be identified, said he askedMcCall and Childers to leave the bar around midnight because they were arguing while playing; the bar owner said McCall lived in the apartment above the bar.

Surviving budget cuts: The county's Human Resources and Social Services budgets are spared the double-digit cuts made in several departments earlier this month. The county commissioners took about $236,000 from a combined $8.2 million request, leaving the two departments with a budget of $7.95 million for the budget year beginning July 1, which represents an increase of about 9.9 percentover the current budgets. Agency heads were told last fall to submitbudgets that called for little or no growth.

Fire damages historic home: Fire roars through a Pleasant Valley farmhouse built in 1769,but fire officials say that although the blaze caused $100,000 in damages, the stone house was not destroyed. About 70 firefighters battled the blaze in the 1500 block of Stone Road for nearly two hours in bitter temperatures. Fire officials said they do not believe the firewas arson, and they are continuing to investigate the cause.

Samename: The Board of Directors of Carroll County General Hospital indefinitely tables a name change for the hospital. A key factor in the decision was the time and expense involved in a name change; hospital management determined a name change could cost as much as $200,000 and take two years.

New jobs created: Knorr Brake Corp. announces itwill hire about 150 people when it moves from Rockville to Westminster in October. The average salary for manufacturing workers is $9 to $12.50 an hour plus benefits, says company president Armin Wachsmuth.The German company manufactures railway brakes and is moving to Carroll County because expansion in Montgomery County would be too costlyand because more workers are available in Carroll.

Accident leadsto suit: The family of Virginia Schwartz files an $11 million civil lawsuit against CSX Transportation Inc. charging the railroad companywith negligence in the Oct. 26 death of the 75-year-old Owings Millswoman. Schwartz was killed on Route 30 near Hampstead when she failed to stop at a railroad crossing's flashing lights and her car was crushed by a freight engine. The suit, filed by retired Carroll CircuitJudge Donald J. Gilmore, claims that the 30- to 50-year-old Winkomatic flashing lights at the two Hampstead rail crossing are outdated.

School budget cuts: The Carroll Board of Education eliminates 35 new teaching and other positions and some classroom materials -- or about $2.2 million -- to adopt a $110.3 million budget for 1991-1992. The cuts came at the request of Superintendent R. Edward Shilling, who asked the board earlier this month to trim $2.2 million from the $7.7million in additional money he initially sought from the county commissioners.

LaMotte enjoys victory: Delegate Lawrence A. LaMotte, D-Carroll, Baltimore, watches six months of work come to fruition whenthe House passes a Senate bill protecting the right to an abortion. LaMotte had worked with abortion rights groups since last August as one of two delegates who took leadership roles in sponsoring the legislation and generating support in the House. "An issue of this magnitude and importance is relatively rare," he said. "It's been a real honor to have been leading the charge and winning."

Mayor calls it quits: Mayor Edward L. Willar of Union Bridge decides that 35 years on the job is enough. The 76-year-old lifelong resident of the town, whohas served longer than any other Carroll mayor, says "I have had this job for a long time. It's really time for someone else to take over."

Council kills deal: The Sykesville Town Council changes its mind about a loan package that would assist development of a business park in town. In a surprise vote during a closed session, the council kills the measure that would create a special tax district, which would have paved the way for a $1.5 million state- county loan package for the proposed Raincliffe Center. The vote reignites infighting on the polarized council.

Child abuse convict appeals: A 50-year-old Taneytown man serving 50 years in prison for sexually abusing his oldest daughter for a decade is appealing the case to the state Court of Special Appeals. The appeal, filed by Westminster attorneys Stephen P.Bourexis and Judith Stainbrook, argues that Carroll Circuit Judge Raymond E. Beck erred when he allowed the man's confession to police tobe used as evidence against him in his March 1990 trial. The man, whose name is being withheld to protect the victim's identity, was found guilty of six counts of sexual abuse that took place from the time his oldest daughter was 8 until she turned 17 in 1977.

Farmers join 2020 fray: About 20 Carroll farmers, including Commissioner President Donald I. Dell, pack a legislative hearing in Annapolis to protesta plan to control growth, known as the 2020 report. Proponents say the state must act now to prevent further pollution of the Chesapeake Bay and save remaining open space before it is gobbled by suburban sprawl. Opponents say the plan will give the state too much authority to decide how land is used and complain that farmers and others could lose equity if zoning on their land is changed.

March

What about Linowes: Carroll educators who meet with Gov. William Donald Schaefer to request money for a New Windsor Middle School are asked a question of their own. The governor wanted to know if the county's legislative delegation would support the $800 million Linowes tax restructuring plan. It was a question the governor repeated to representatives of the other 12 school districts vying for $57.7 million in school construction money for the next fiscal year.

Water cleanup: The state approves a plan by Black & Decker US Inc. to clean ground water behind its Hampstead plant. Black & Decker will pay for the cleanup. While investigating an unrelated problem in 1984, the Department of the Environment found that organic compounds from industrial solvents used by Black & Decker were contaminating two wells.

Construction finally begins: Construction of the county's long-awaited senior center and library begins in Mount Airy and is expected to be completed within 15 months. Currently, the Mount Airy library is housed in cramped storefront quarters.

Men charged: State police complete an eight-month investigation into several daytime breaking and enterings in south Carroll with the arrest of three Howard County men. Andrew Ventners, 22, Homer Shaffer, 24, and a juvenile are charged in connection with 10 thefts after an investigation involving both Howard and Baltimore county police. Police said the burglars would go up to a house, knock on the front door, and if no one answered, return and break in.

First female judge: Jo Ann Ellinghaus-Jones, 34, a Hampstead attorney, becomes the first woman to be appointed a judge in Carroll County. Ellinghaus-Jones, who will fill the vacancy on the District Court bench created when Judge Francis A. Arnold was elevated to Circuit Court, is also the youngest person ever appointed to a county court.

Pushing quarry bill: Supporters of a bill that would require quarry companies to pay for damages to neighbors' properties try to convince a House committee that the issue goes beyond Carroll County. Althoughthe bill, sponsored by two Carroll delegates, was defeated during the last two years, a coalition with members from five counties hopes this year will be different. The Environmental Matters Committee has seven new members who might be persuaded to vote for the bill.

'Gilgamesh' pulled: A parent's complaint about a sexual reference in Herbert Mason's translation of "The Epic of Gilgamesh" initially prompts school officials to pull the poem from high school English classes. Dated to 2500 B.C., the epic is about a powerful Babylonian king and his search for immortality. In the story, a temple harlot is sent to the forest to find Enkidu, a man raised by wild animals, and bring himto the human world by using her sexuality. But after English teacherDottie Farley appeals the removal, the school board votes 3-2 to return the epic to the classroom.

WMC costs more: Tuition, room and board at Western Maryland College will increase by nearly 8 percent over the next academic year, college officials announce. Undergraduatesnow pay $11,590 for tuition, $2,000 for rooms and $2390 for board, for a total of $15,980. Next year, the total will be $17,245, with tuition costing $12,505. WMC officials say the increase is needed to balance an operating budget that will rise by 5 percent to $27.5 millionnext year.

Granting aid: The state Board of Public Works approvesa $100,000 grant for Carroll Haven Inc., allowing the directors of the program for the developmentally disabled to construct a new facility without facing mortgage payments. The grant matches a $100,000 grant from the Mount Airy-based Ryan Family Foundation, which offered the money about a year ago contingent on an equal state contribution; the Ryland Group, a homebuilding company, also agreed to contribute $50,000 based on the state grant. Carroll Haven offers day programs, including speech and muscle therapy, life-skills training and adult daycare.

WMC seeks money: Western Maryland College President Robert H. Chambers asks a legislative committee for a $1.9 million grant, saying the college "simply can't continue to function as a first-rate academic institution" without improvements to its 77-year-old science building. Delegate Richard N. Dixon, an Appropriations Committee member, is sponsoring the bill. The college would match the contribution and use the money to construct and equip a new wing to Lewis Hall of Science.

Celebrating too much: State police arrest 19 drivers in Carroll for drunken driving during the St. Patrick's Day weekend. A typical weekend sees six to eight people arrested, state police said. St. Patrick's Day this year surpassed New Year's Eve for drunken driving arrests, police say.

Trick or treat: School board Vice President Cheryl A. McFalls asks educators to review any materials with references to Halloween -- such as Maurice Sendak's "Chicken Soup with Rice" -- to make sure they are age-appropriate. McFalls says that since November, she has received a steady stream of letters from parents, some of whom petitioned the school board to replace Halloween celebrations with harvest celebrations. Opposition to Halloween celebrations has become a fall ritual of born-again Christians, says August Steinhilber, general counsel with the national School Boards Association inAlexandria, Va.

Man drowns in reservoir: State police divers recover the body of David Leppo, 53, of the 6600 block of Carroll Highlands Road in Sykesville, two days after his canoe capsizes. Leppo and his son, who were not wearing life preservers, were fishing on March 24 when their canoe was caught by a strong gust of wind. It flipped, plunging the two men into bitterly cold water. Two nearby fishermen were able to rescue 23-year-old Andy Leppo but were not able to see where his father went under the surface, state police said. Leppo's bodywas recovered about 70 feet below the surface.

Byron detained in Mid-East: Representative Beverly B. Byron, D-6th, is detained for several hours as she tours a Saudi Arabian marketplace because Saudi cultural police say her pants are too tight. The congresswoman is stopped while on a midnight candlelight tour of Riyadh's ancient souk, an open-air marketplace. Byron, who was asked to leave the bazaar immediately, said she thought she was respecting the Muslim culture by wearing long-sleeved shirts and pants. Saudi laws allow women to wear trousers, but not if they show the "silhouette" of the woman's leg.

Going for the gold: Carroll students win 16 gold, six silver and three bronze medals at the 1991 Maryland State Vocational Industrial Clubs of America Skill Olympics, the largest number of gold medals in the county's history.

April

Just say no: Carroll's six state legislators all vote against raising taxes intended to generate about $90.1 million to balance next year's budget and restore cuts in state aid for education. They said they voted against the tax increase to honor campaign pledges and because it seems to them that constituents oppose any new taxes.

No rezoning: The county commissioners reject a rezoning request that would have paved the way for 108 luxury homes andan 18-hole golf course on a 360-acre South Carroll farm. The Montgomery County-based Woodfield Partnership has an option to buy the Eldersburg-area farm, which has been owned by the Rashes, a prominent farming family, since 1928. The rezoning petition, the largest ever in the county, is opposed by planners, who fear any alteration to the county's Master Plan could end up eroding Carroll's agricultural community.

Milk prices fall: Milk prices turn sour for farmers, who are receiving about $3 less for each 100 pounds (about 11.6 gallons) of milk they sell. Malcolm D. Hoff, a dairy farmer in Uniontown, says he earned a total of $20,000 less in December, January and February than in the same months a year ago. Milk prices paid to area farmers are the lowest since 1979.

Countian killed in war: Charles L. Bowman Jr., the son of Sandra and Charles L. Bowman Sr. of Manchester, is killed in the Persian Gulf war, the first countian and the sixth Marylander to sacrifice his life. The 20-year-old was killed in southern Iraq after a bomblet exploded in his hand. Bowman, who was a mechanic for Bradley fighting vehicles, is buried after a military funeral in Garrison Forest Veterans Cemetery.

Quarries responsible: The state Senate unanimously approves a bill that makes mining companies responsible for damages they might cause. The House must concur with the Senate amendments before passage becomes official, but no problems are expected, according to the bill's co-sponsors, Delegates Richard N. Dixon, D-Carroll, and Donald B. Elliot, R-Carroll, Howard. The approval concludes a four-year battle waged by the two delegates to protect residents' property; after opposing the bill since its inception in 1988, industry representatives agreed last week to support it with certain amendments once it appeared likely to pass a Senate committee.

WMC grant approved: The state House and Senate have approved a $1.9 million grant for Western Maryland College for an expansion of the Lewis Hall of Science. The $7.8 million project will add space for labs and classes and modernize the science hall, which was built in 1914 and expanded in 1966.

Man charged in slaying: Charles Albert Rhodes Jr., 42, of the 800 block of Houcksville Road in Hampstead is chargedwith first- and second-degree murder and manslaughter in connection with the shooting death of Steven Edgar Rupp. Police say Rhodes, his estranged wife, Geenie, their two children and Rupp all lived together for about five years. Rhodes slept in one room while Rupp and Rhodes' wife slept in another. Police said that Rupp and Geenie Rhodes were arguing, when Charles Rhodes apparently came to his wife's aid. "Hehas been asking for it for some time, and I couldn't take it anymore, " Charles Rhodes told Hampstead Police Officer Paul Steinmetz when the officer arrived at the home, court documents show. Rupp has a history of problems with the law that are documented in court records.

Incriminating information: Defense lawyers for Edwin F. Downs Jr. seek to suppress evidence they say was improperly obtained. The 31-year-old Mount Airy man is accused of shooting and killing his wife, Anne Rita Downs, 30, around midnight Dec. 19. Downs called police at 3:20 a.m. from a cellular phone, saying he had been shot at while on hisroute delivering the Washington Post. In pretrial motions, Downs' lawyers are seeking to keep the jury from hearing testimony by a California man who identified Downs in a photo lineup as having bought a gun from him; a gun found by police the day of the murder was traced tothe California man's father, says Carroll State's Attorney Thomas E.Hickman.

Murder-suicide claims men: Matthew Leigh Frock of the first block of Old Westminster Road in Hanover, Pa., and Richard Earl Uphoff Jr. of the 5100 block of Old Hanover Road in Westminster are found dead by police at the home of a friend on Menges Mill Road near Taneytown. Police conclude that the two argued and struggled, and Frock shot Uphoff and then turned the gun on himself. The two were apparently close friends; family members are at a loss to explain the tragedy.

New firehouse planned: The Mount Airy Volunteer Fire Company begins a fund drive and moves forward with plans to build a $1.5 million structure on 5 acres it owns near Watersville Road and North Main Street. The 27, 200-square-foot structure will give the fire company about four times the space currently available at the Main Street firehouse, which was built in 1926 and has been expanded twice.

Surprise for Mom: Ella Upperman's most surprising birthday gift was ratherhard to wrap. Her son, Douglas, who had been serving in the Persian Gulf for seven months, surprises her at the party at Friendly Farm. Doug, who has been in the Army for 10 years, was en route to California, where he was getting married.

No pay raise:The Carroll Board ofEducation, responding to the county's financial constraints, proposes teachers go without a salary raise next year. "We weren't surprised, " said Harold Fox, chief negotiator for the Carroll County Education Association, which represents about 1, 300 teachers. Fox said teachers recognize the county is in a difficult financial situation but said that without a pay raise, "it will take a considerable amount of improvement in other areas to reach a settlement."

Measles reappear:As the state wrestles with a measles outbreak, at least one transmission of the disease occurred at the state wrestling tournament at Western Maryland College in early March. More than 40 of the 100 cases reported in Maryland have been linked to a regional wrestling tournament at Meade High School in Anne Arundel County the week before. County officials report six cases here, none of which are linked to the tourney, but say they expect to see more.

Police end prank:Two NorthCarroll High School seniors are charged with theft after state police catch them trying to steal the head from a human figure on top of Traynor's Floors and Carpets on Route 140. The pair were part of a group of seniors involved in an extensive scavenger hunt. Each participant contributed $5 to a pot, which was to be won by the team that stole the most property during the hunt; police said the group had devised a point system to award points for the different types of property.

Council approves plan:The Manchester Town Council approves the first comprehensive development plan for the town and its environs, a document that includes a controversial route for Manchester's bypass highway. The county commissioners must approve the plan before it becomes the official blueprint for the town's future growth.

Fire kills man:Carvin Williams "Big Joe" Hanna, 49, dies in a Westminster firethat destroyed a two-story apartment house at 88 W. Main St. Police charge Charles Ray "Chicken Charlie" Ogline, 42, who is described as a vagrant, with setting the fire that killed Hanna and left 12 other people homeless. Ogline is also charged with first-degree murder.

May

Former mayor dies: Former New Windsor Mayor Randall G. Spoerlein dies at age 91 following an extended illness. A farmer who also served a term in the House of Delegates beginning in 1938, Spoerlein also served for 33 years on the Carroll Soil Conservation District and on the board of directors of the Maryland Cooperative Milk Producers Association. He served for five years as a New Windsor councilman before being elected mayor, a post he kept for 22 years.

Skaters lendsupport: About 500 skaters hit the ice at the Sportsman's Hall Skating Rink in Upperco to raise money for 9-year-old leukemia patient Jennifer Zile. The event raises $2,376 in admission and skate rental fees and another $50 in donations. Zile, a student at Manchester Elementary, underwent a bone marrow transplant in December.

Unhealthy situation: Dr. Janet Neslen, Carroll's health officer, estimates that 4,400 county residents make too much money to qualify for Medicaid but do not make enough to afford health insurance or medical bills. An example is Elizabeth Eckert, 77, of Hampstead who says she makes just afew dollars over the Medicaid limit; she has been putting off cataract surgery because she can't afford the $700 cost on a Social Security income. Neslen is chairing a League of Women Voters committee that is studying the issue.

Rezoning spurs study: The county's largest individual rezoning request spurs the county commissioners to order the Department of Planning to complete within one year a study that would evaluate the best use of the area bounded by routes 26 and 97 andthe Howard and Frederick county lines. The order followed the commissioners' vote to deny a petition requesting the rezoning of 360 acresat Eden Mill Road and Route 97, which would have paved the way for a108-home subdivision and golf course. Planners tell the board that the study will be nearly impossible to complete within that time, given the agency's current staffing level and workload.

'Gang of Three' ousted: Sykesville voters gang up on the "Gang of Three" and oust Council President Charles B. Mullins and council members Charles H. "Tim" Ferguson and Maxine C. Wooleyhand. A record turnout of 194 voterspropelled William R. Hall Jr., Jonathan Herman and Walter R. White onto the six-member council. The Gang of Three was so named for takingconservative stands and teaming up on budget deliberations.

Stilljob-hunting: Three months after the Westminster Knit Corp. closed, laying off 84 employees, many of those workers are still looking for jobs. Their task is difficult; March figures put the county unemployment rate at 6.6 percent. The U.S. Department of Labor announces the jobs -- which involved making dresses at the 44-year-old plant -- were lost because of foreign competition, which makes the former employeeseligible for more unemployment benefits.

Government reorganizes: The county commissioners announce a reorganized government, reducing the number of full-fledged departments from 12 to eight, designed to make government more efficient and to save money. Three new departments have been created: General Services, which unites development review and zoning functions and includes recycling; Administrative Services, which includes a new Office of Environmental Services, Public Information, Land Acquisition and liquor boards; and Citizens Services, which will coordinate social issues such as elderly affairs, transportation services and adult and child day care. The commissioners said they have no plans for employee cutbacks.

Drifter indicted: A Carroll grand jury indicts Charles Ray "Chicken Charlie" Ogline, 42, on charges of first-degree murder in connection with an April arson attack at 88 W. Main St. Killed in the blaze was Carvin Williams "Big Joe"Hanna, 49. Police say they believe the fire was set in attempt to destroy Ernie's Place, a bar next door to the apartment building at 88 W. Main St. A week before the fire, Ogline, a drifter, was asked to stay away from the bar because bartenders had accused him of taking tips from the tables, police said.

Draft irks mayor: The WestminsterCouncil orders its attorney to draft legislation that would remove the mayor's authority to appoint council committees, says Mayor W. Benjamin Brown. "What this basically would do is leave me with just the veto, and that's it," Brown says. "I think the City Council has it inits mind to strip every bit of authority from me that they have the authority to strip." Currently, the mayor can appoint members and chairmen to the council's standing committees, such as Finance, Public Improvement, Public Utilities and Public Safety; committees conduct work that often results in legislation and influences council decision-making.

Sherwood ex-owners win: A Baltimore County jury awards twoformer owners of Sherwood Square mall in Westminster $8.6 million indamages, saying a Baltimore bank had defrauded them. After a 4 1/2-week trial, the jury found that Fairfax Savings Association defrauded Charles Ellerin of Boca Raton, Fla., and Louis Seidel of Baltimore byinserting provisions into loan documents without the partners' knowledge. An attorney for the bank said Fairfax will appeal the decision.The case has been in court since 1985 and has been tried three times.

Hampstead stays home: Only 79 out of nearly 1,100 registered voters cast a ballot in Hampstead's election. C. Clinton Becker, 43, whohas served on the council since 1989, is elected mayor. Councilman Arthur H. Moler, 58, wins a third council term, and Councilman Gary W.Bauer, 44, is elected by 46 votes to the post he was appointed to last fall.

New Windsor results: In New Windsor, D. Kenneth Grimes, 76, wins his fifth council term. Everett R. Ecker Sr., 66, and Terry Petry, 36, both get a shot at a second term, while challengers CharlesW. "Tooter" Fritz and Roy A. Johnson fail in their bids for council seats.

New mayor: After 35 years with Mayor Edward L. Williar, NewWindsor voters are forced by hizzoner's retirement to make a new choice. They choose Councilman Perry L. Jones Jr. over fellow CouncilmanScott W. Davis by the slimmest of margins, 137-126. Incumbents Jeffery Six and Bret Grossnickle win their council seats.

Westminster turns out: Westminster's record 1,224 voters remove Samuel V. Greenholtz and Mark S. Snyder, both seeking second council terms. Supplantingthem are Kenneth A. Yowan, a former councilman, and newcomers Rebecca A. Orenstein and Stephen R. Chapin Sr. The third seat opened when Council President Kenneth J. Hornberger decided not to seek a third term.

Bull attacks man: Jerry E. Gooding, a retired state police lieutenant, returns home from the hospital after being attacked by a 2,000-pounds hornless bull. Gooding and his wife had stopped to help a farmer who was trying to corral a loose horse. The retired trooper didnot know the bull was loose until it knocked him down and started banging him around. The owner of the farm, Keith Keller, was able to distract the bull by getting it to charge his truck while Gooding took cover under the truck. Gooding suffered extensive bruising and brokenribs.

Liquor licenses granted: Ledo Pizza in Cranberry Square on Route 140 and Ocean Pride, a seafood restaurant in Freedom Village Shopping Center on Liberty Road, receive liquor licenses.

Deficit balloons: The Carroll commissioners learn that the county's projected 1992 shortfall has ballooned from $650,000 to more than $1 million. A few weeks earlier, commissioners were told that the interest earningsfrom the county's $40 million investment portfolio would be $650,000short of projections because of falling interest rates. Now they learn that May's income tax receipts are $131,000 less than projected and state highway and motor vehicle revenues are $290,000 less.

Malpractice appeal: Testimony begins in Dr. Karl Green's appeal of a decision by the state's malpractice court that he didn't do enough to save a baby boy who died shortly after birth in 1986. In July, a three-member Maryland Health Arbitration Board found the Westminster pediatrician negligent in his care of Brett Morris, the infant son of Robertand Barbara Morris of Westminster. The panel award the Morrises $550,000. Judge Francis M. Arnold is hearing the case, which is expected to last three weeks.

Report released: The much-anticipated and controversial report of Westminster City Hall space needs is released. It recommends developing a "campus-type" setting at a cost of $3.4 million. Baltimore-based Cho, Wilks & Benn Architects Inc. suggests the project be undertaken in two phases, the first being renovation of and addition to City Hall, and the second being construction of a 17,000-square-foot police building adjacent to City Hall.

Second arson arrest: Police arrest and charge John Woodward, 44, a former residentof the house at 88 W. Main Street in Westminster, with arson and first- degree murder. The house at 88 W. Main St. was destroyed by fire in April, and Carvin Williams "Big Joe" Hanna, 49, died in the blaze.Police have also charged Charles Ray "Chicken Charlie" in connectionwith the blaze. If the men are convicted on the murder charge, they could face the death penalty.

Write-in wins: Robert Kolodziejski wins a seat on the Manchester Town Council as a write-in candidate, thanks to an aggressive door-to-door campaign. Incumbent John A. Riley wins the other council seat, and Mayor A. J. "Tim" Warehime is re-elected. Kolodziejski decided to run after the April 8 filing deadline.

EPA tests wells: The U.S. Environmental Protection Agency tests the wells of eight Silver Run homes near the Keystone (Pa.) Landfill for volatile organic compounds that might be linked to Keystone. Residents are concerned that testing methods will yield inaccurate results.

Downs pleads guilty: Edwin F. Downs Jr., 31, of Mount Airy pleadsguilty to first-degree murder charges, admitting he killed his 30-year-old wife as she slept in her bed. Circuit Judge Luke K. Burns Jr. sentences him to life in prison for the murder charge and 20 years for the handgun violation, making him eligible for parole in about 24 years. The victim's brother has applied for custody of the three Downschildren, who are 8, 4 and 7 months old.

Plans approved: The county Planning and Zoning Commission approves plans for three adjoining projects that could add 536 dwelling units in Eldersburg, including Carroll's first development featuring town houses outside municipal borders. The proposed developments would be in the Freedom District, where a building moratorium is in effect because of limited sewer capacity. Expansion of the waste water treatment plant is to be completed by fall 1992, which means the new homes won't be built until spring 1993 at the earliest.

Wedded bliss: According to the U.S. Census, Carroll has the highest concentration of married-couple families in the state, with 69.2 percent. Its concentration of single-family homes is greater than all of the other Baltimore region jurisdictions, comprising some 75 percent of all county housing stock. The percentage ofblacks in the county declined in the last 10 years to 2.4 percent, the third lowest percentage in the state, following Allegany and Garrett counties.

Finding teachers: With 100 new teachers needed to staff two new elementary schools -- Piney Ridge in Eldersburg and SpringGarden in Hampstead -- county recruiters are busy trying to pick thebest and the brightest by sending some 50 recruiters to 50 colleges and universities. The county spends about $10,000 to $12,000 per yearon its recruiting efforts.

Crash kills student: Francis Scott KeyHigh School student Kimberly Dawn Baile, 16, of Union Bridge is killed when her 1981 Ford Mustang pulls in front of a dump truck at Liberty and Clemsonville roads. A passenger in the car, 16-year-old Natalie Batovsky of Union Bridge, is in critical but stable condition at the Maryland Shock Trauma Unit at University Medical Center in Baltimore. State police said the Mustang was demolished after the dump truck hit its driver-side door. The dump truck driver received minor injuries.

Black is back: After a two-year absence, Selby M. Black will rejoin the Union Bridge Town Council, filling the seat vacated when Perry L. Jones Jr. was elected mayor. Black had served 11 years before declining to run again in 1989. "It will feel like old times," he said, adding that he has stayed in touch with the town.

June

Pushing for reservoir: County officials travel to Philadelphia to try to persuade officials from the U.S. Environmental Protection Agency that South Carroll's growth depends on turning Gillis Falls into a reservoir. The obstacles to developing the stream for drinking water for 12,500 homes in the growing Mount Airy area are the stream's pristine nature and the wetlands that surround it. Commissioners went into the meeting hoping for some indication of what to do to avoid rejection bythe EPA once the project passes state hurdles.

Post eliminated: In a special Westminster City Council meeting, members unanimously approve an ordinance abolishing the city manager's job and returning alladministrative duties to the mayor. That's bad news for Philip F. Hertz, the former borough manager of Metuchen, N.J., who began working as the city manager in February. After learning of the council's intentions, Hertz resigned and left town.

Austere budget adopted: The county commissioners accept a final $1.94 million in cuts and unanimously adopt an austere $115 million operating budget that maintains a $2.35 tax rate. The fiscal 1992 budget is a 2.2 percent decrease fromthis year's $117.6 million budget, which was reduced because of slumping revenues. The budget includes $58.1 million for education, a 4.7percent increase over this year's $55.5 million plan.

OB/GYN always available: Carroll County General Hospital announces a program beginning July 1 to have an obstetrician/gynecologist in house 24 hours a day. CCGH has contracted with a group of five Baltimore-based OB/GYNs to provide the service. Hospital officials say that in addition tothe 600 to 700 births per year, the hospital treats many other womenin false labor or with abdominal pains; the house obstetrician can evaluate the women and decide whether their regular doctors should be called.

Class endows recycling: The Western Maryland College Classof 1991 endows a comprehensive recycling program targeting plastic, glass and metal cans. The 1991 Senior Pride Campaign reached its goalof raising $2,000, which will be matched 3-to-1 by developer Martin K. P. Hill of Masonry Contractors, whose daughter Jennifer is a junior at WMC. The $8,000 total will support the college recycling programthat began on campus earlier this year.

Consultant has record: Residents opposed to Lehigh's plan to burn carbon waste discover, during a computer search of newspaper stories, that a consultant to a company that would supply the waste was convicted eight years ago of conspiring to dump chemical waste in a New Jersey landfill. Herbert G. Case Jr., who until April was chairman and chief executive officer of Cemtech Inc. in New Jersey, served one year in federal prison and paida $2000 fine. Since 1986, Lehigh's Union Bridge plant has contractedwith a Cemtech subsidiary to supply waste oil for use in its kilns; the same subsidiary would also supply the carbon. Corporate officialssay Case never dealt with them in any way that wasn't completely ethical or legal, but residents are hoping the information will persuadethe state to deny the permit to burn carbon waste.

A hairy bargain: Curtis T. Schnorr, principal of Robert Moton Elementary School in Westminster, shaves off his mustache before 135 students, and the event is videotaped for viewing by the rest of the students. Schnorr promised he would shave the mustache he'd had for 20 years if students met their reading goals. The readers wrote titles and authors of bookssuggested by teachers on paper mustaches; parents signed them when the children finished the book.

Doctor not negligent: A Carroll jury rules that longtime pediatrician Dr. Karl Green was not negligent in his care of a baby boy who died at Carroll County General Hospital.Green had appealed the decision of the three-member Maryland Arbitration Board that had found him negligent and awarded the baby's parents $550,000 in damage. Bret Morris was born at CCGH at 10 a.m. on Sept21, 1986, weighing 8 pounds 9 ounces, but he had trouble breathing and died 19 hours later.

Protesters appeal: An attorney for three Taneytown residents found guilty of trespassing at a secret military command center tells the Pennsylvania Superior Court those convictionsshould be thrown out. Peter Goldberger of Philadelphia -- who represents Yvonne Small, 46, her husband, James Small, 50, and Wayne Cogswell, 58 -- says the state has no jurisdiction over the military compound because it is federal property. The three were among seven people arrested at a peace vigil in August 1989 at Site R, an alternate military command center in Raven Rock Mountain.

Jacobs dies: George H."Jake" Jacobs of Woodbine, founder of the county chapter of Habitat for Humanity, dies of cancer at his home at the age of 68. The national non-profit housing ministry helps the homeless. In Carroll, the group made sure elderly people who could no longer maintain their homeshad the necessary work done.

Students build house: The 200 or so Carroll County Career and Technology Center students who designed, built and landscaped the Victorian-style house at 213 E. Green St. learned more than they ever could have in a classroom. "They can be proudof this," says John Keefer, the vo-tech center's carpentry instructor. "They can come back to this place years from now and see where they started." Built on school-owned property, the 2,300-square-foot house features a two-car garage, three bedrooms, kitchen, dining room, living room, family room with a fireplace and a full basement. The house, which cost about $90,000 to build, will be auctioned off.

Card-carrying controversy: Urged by a group of parents, the Board of Education votes against distributing in high schools a "teen health card"informing students that free condoms are available and that they do not need parental permission to request certain services. The board will direct educators to develop their own card instead of using the one created by the county Health Department. The Health Department's card lists phone numbers for birth control, pregnancy crisis intervention, and counseling services. The parents said the information on thecard could diminish the advisory role of parents, promote teen-age promiscuity and conflict with the board's policy of promoting abstinence in student relations.

No permit for Lehigh: The Maryland Department of the Environment announces that it has denied Lehigh Portland Cement Co. a permit to burn carbon waste as a supplemental fuel in its Union Bridge kilns because the waste could be hazardous and becauseof past emissions violations. George P. Ferreri, director of the AirManagement Administration, said officials further examined the issues that led to the denial because of material sent to them by the citizens group, Residents for a Healthier Union Bridge Area. "It forced us to look deeper into the thing, but we can't deny permits just because people don't want something," Ferreri said. "The reasons for the denial were based on technical reasons."

Misfortune strikes twice: Ken Blake of Sykesville underwent surgery on Wednesday to remove a brain tumor that left him with a permanent disability. His wife, Madeleine, was visiting him at Sinai Hospital on Saturday. When she returned home, she discovered lightning had struck their home, starting a fire that destroyed the kitchen and resulted in heavy smoke and water damage throughout the house. The family, which lost almost all of its possessions, plans to rebuild.

Rape raises questions: The placement of youngsters at the Thomas O'Farrell Youth Center in Marriottsville will be re-evaluated by the state Department of Juvenile Services following a rape charge against one of the center's residents, officials say. A 15-year-old boy housed at the center for juvenile offenders, which is state-owned but privately run, was charged with raping a jogger at a Howard County park April 26 while he was on a field trip from the center. The center's other 38 residents will be reassessed todetermine if they should be placed in higher-security facilities, said Nancy S. Grasmick, juvenile services director.

Life is grand: The University of Baltimore Schaefer Center for Public Policy and the Baltimore Regional Council of Governments release the results of a poll about the quality of life in central Maryland. In Carroll, 33.5 percent of those polled considered their community's quality of life excellent; 55.5 percent, good; 10.3 percent, fair; and 0.7 percent, poor. Pollsters asked 2,500 central Maryland residents to rate life in their community and identify the region's most pressing concerns; 81.1percent of Carroll respondents said communities should limit development.

New union for Lehigh: Workers at Lehigh Portland Cement Co. vote in the United Paperworkers International Union and reject the International Brotherhood of Boilermakers, which had represented them since 1984. Employees expressed relief after the vote, saying they hope new union representation will help close a bitter chapter in labor-management relations. Relations at the plant have been strained sinceworkers went on strike in 1984 after Lehigh put contract proposals into effect without first bargaining to an impasse with the union; theunion filed unfair labor practices charges and won a $5 million settlement last year, which recently was shared by workers at nine Lehighplants.

Teen drowns in reservoir: Paul Marcum of Mount Airy, who had just graduated from South Carroll High School, drowns near the Route 32 bridge over Liberty Reservoir between Gamber and Eldersburg. State police said the accident occurred at 11:48 p.m. while Marcum andfive friends were swimming at the reservoir. Police reports said thegroup was swimming under the bridge when the 18-year-old slipped under the water. His friends noticed he was missing when they reached the shore, and some of them went for help in the car and flagged down astate trooper. The youths were drinking alcohol, state police said.

Yes to site plan: The Planning and Zoning Commission approves a site plan for a new industrial park off Route 30 in Hampstead while raising concerns about a "natural" buffer to hide the park from view of residents of the nearby Robert's Field development. The developer, Charles C. Harwood of Owings Mills, Baltimore County, must present a more detailed plan before the project can go forward. The 36-acre industrial park would be called Trenton Business Center; no businesses have bought lots yet. As each buyer comes along, the Planning and ZoningCommission must approve the type of businesses that goes in, along with site plan and other details.

Vo-tech students win 3: Three Carroll County Career and Technology students garnered medals, includingone gold, in the National Vocational Industrial Clubs of America Leadership Conference and Skill Olympics in Louisville, Ky. In addition,the school's five-member health occupation bowl team placed second in a quiz involving health-related issues and current events. Jesse Wyatt of Hampstead won a gold medal in residential wiring, Nikki Hahn of Manchester won a silver medal after demonstrating how to make a corsage in a job skills contest, and Robert Clark of Westminster won a bronze medal in electronic product servicing.

Money for roads: About the only surprise to come out of the General Assembly's special session is the news that up to $3 million for highways could make its way to the county before summer's end. In passing higher Motor Vehicle Administration fees Wednesday, the House of Delegates and Senate guaranteed at least $300 million statewide in federal highway grants, a move that gives the green light to numerous stalled road projects. A $2 million resurfacing of Route 194 near Taneytown, the $750,000 repair of the Little Pipe Creek Bridge along Route 75 in Union Bridge, anda $100,000 improvement to the intersection of routes 97 and 32 are expected to get the go-ahead.

July

Access is lacking: The Maryland Commission on Human Relations finds that Western Maryland College,Westminster High School and Leisure Health Spa of Westminster discriminate against wheelchair-users. The findings are issued after complaints were filed by Marilynn J. Phillips, a 47-year-old Hampstead resident who is a professor of English at Morgan State University. Phillips, who uses a wheelchair as a result of a childhood bout with polio,said she files complaints with the commission any time she finds barriers to access. WMC and the others can appeal the finding, work withMCHR to eradicate the problems or ask to have the matter put before a public hearing.

Alcohol not a factor: The state Medical Examiner's Office rules out alcohol as a factor in the drowning of 18-year-old South Carroll High graduate Paul Marcum. Dr. Margarita Korell, an assistant medical examiner, said Marcum had "a very, very small amount. . . a trace" of alcohol in his body. The youth, who drowned while swimming with friends late at night in Liberty Reservoir, may have been hampered by a knee injury, according to his father.

Mining industry sues: The Maryland Aggregates Association Inc., a state mining group, files suit in Baltimore County Circuit Court challenging a new law that protects residents from mining damage to their property. Thesuit, filed the day the law took effect, prompted the bill's sponsors to question the industry's integrity. "It's a clear sign to people they lack integrity and lack concern for citizens who live near mining facilities," said Delegate Richard N. Dixon, D-Carroll. Said MAA President Samuel W. Christine III, "We don't want to have to comply with the law because we think it's unconstitutional."

Murder sentenceupheld: A Maryland Court of Appeals upholds Brian Richard Jordan's convictions in the 1987 murder of South Carroll High School student Richard Purman. Jordan was 17 when he was convicted in 1988 of felony murder, conspiracy to commit murder, robbery, and conspiracy to commitrobbery and sentenced to two life and two 10-year terms to be servedconsecutively. The state's highest court did agree to reduce Jordan's sentence slightly, saying that the facts in the case "did not support the determination that two conspiracies existed." The judges unanimously ruled one of the 10-year sentences for conspiracy illegal and threw it out.

New car, no payments: Carroll County General Hospital nurse Rosa Windsor of Reisterstown, Baltimore County, wins a 1991 Geo Metro as first prize at the Cranberry Square grand opening in Westminster. More than 2,000 entries were received. Said Windsor, "It only takes one; I'm glad it was mine."

Carroll looks west: Although Carroll has become an integral part of the Baltimore metropolitan area, county political leaders say they'd rather be excluded when it comes to political identity. Four of Carroll's six state legislators toldthe Governor's Redistricting Advisory Committee last night they prefer the county be aligned with Western Maryland rather than with the Baltimore metropolitan region when political boundaries are redrawn in1992. A fifth agreed, but did not speak at the meeting.

Crash kills children: A Silver Run husband and wife are in serious but stable condition following a storm-related accident that injured them and claimed the lives of their three young children. Russell M. Corbett Sr., 26, and his wife, Betty Lou Corbett, 24, of the 1100 block of Humbert Schoolhouse Road, were injured in the accident, which occurred at 1:40 p.m. July 7 on Route 97. Jacqueline Michelle Corbett, 5; RussellMichael Corbett Jr., 3; and Loren Cassidy Corbett, 18 months, died when the family's 1991 Ford Taurus station wagon crossed the center line into the path of a Jeep Cherokee on a wet, curved stretch of road.The family baby-sitter, 15-year-old Kathy Posedenti, also was injured and is in critical but stable condition at the Shock Trauma Center.Russell Corbett is in Washington County General Hospital and Betty Lou Corbett is in Shock Trauma. The driver of the Jeep, Peter I. Levine of Reisterstown, is in serious but stable condition at Washington County General Hospital. The children were wearing seat belts and the baby was in a safety seat, but police think they may have been killedwhen heavy objects -- including a 60-pound light fixture -- stored in the back of the station wagon fell forward onto them.

Arson suspects sought: Fire officials are still searching for two teen-age boyswanted in connection with a July 4 two-alarm fire that gutted a two-story home on Pennsylvania Avenue in Westminster. The fire, ruled arson, started in a shed attached to the back of the home; officials said two white males between the ages of 14 and 17 were seen running from the home, which is owned by Frances Walsh. Some 40 firefighters from five companies battled the blaze for 20 minutes before it was brought under control.

Reducing water use: With drought conditions leading to the depletion of the city's water reservoir, the Westminster Council called on residents and businesses to conserve water. Many municipalities have asked citizens to cut back on water usage. But the council took the request one step further by asking businesses to voluntarily do what they can to reduce water use.

Road trip: The Westminster City Council begins having its biweekly meetings on the road, in libraries and senior centers. It isn't just cabin fever prompting the move; the council's chambers at City Hall, reached by climbing a narrow stairway, are not accessible to the disabled. The council is exploring places in which to relocate its chambers.

Blaming hospital: James Kevin Malone, 30, of Reisterstown, a former boxer, is found not guilty of charges of second-degree murder in connection with the death of Ronald Nelson Cardwell, who died after a fight between the two men last September. Malone's attorney, Bruce C. Hill of Baltimore,argued that the actions of the Carroll County General Hospital emergency room staff, not Malone, were responsible for Cardwell's death. Despite testimony from a medical examiner who said Cardwell died of brain injuries received during the fight, a Baltimore County Circuit Court jury found him not guilty after 1 1/2 hours of deliberation.

Daughter donates marrow: Lauren Benz, 12, of Hampstead donates bone marrow in an attempt to help her father, the Rev. Bert Benz, a 47-year-old Hampstead pastor. For Lauren, the transplant meant two hours of surgery. For her father, a patient at the University of Kentucky's Markey Cancer Center, it was an attempt to battle chronic myelogenic leukemia. Lauren's bone marrow is not a perfect match, but after a 10-month search of more than 1 million possible donors, doctors determined his daughter was the closest match. UK has one of the few centers in the country specializing in imperfect transplants.

Abattoir permit sought: Carroll Lynn Schisler, 44, and his brother, August Schisler, 38, of Marston are seeking permission from the county Board of Zoning Appeals to operate a slaughterhouse on their 112-acre farm. The Schislers, who were found innocent of animal cruelty charges in Carroll District Court in a much-publicized trial last December, buy sick livestock and nurse the animals back to health before reselling them. An attorney for the farmers said, "All they want to do is provide a place where their customers can prepare their own meat after buying livestock."

A good deed: Boy Scout Troop 391 starts New Windsor's first curbside recycling program, doing a good deed for both their neighbors and the environment. The troop circulated fliers telling residents what to recycle. Members scheduled regular pickups on the third Saturday of the month. The boys started the project with the idea of helping many of the town's senior citizens transport items to a recycling bin on Gehr Lane.

No bids on house: No one bids on the Green Street house built by Carroll County Career and Technology students, but county officials, noting the depressed economy, say they aren't surprised. The house, a three-bedroom Victorian that cost $90,000 to build, is priced at $165,000. Commissioner President Donald I. Dell said the board may try to sell the home through local Realtors, adding that there have been offers to sell it without the usual commission.

Profits dry up: Heat and lack of rain dry up profits for farmers. The Westminster area received only 1 inch of rain in July instead of the average 4 inches. Milk production is down, even though farmers aresprinkling cows with water and fanning them, and the crops are in bad shape. After touring county farms, Gov. William Donald Schaefer asks U.S. Agriculture Secretary Edward Madigan to qualify Carroll and seven other counties for federal disaster aid.

Biggest tree in state: A sycamore tree in New Windsor is chosen as the largest sycamore inthe state. The 144-foot tree is owned by Mary and John Smith, and the honors were bestowed in a contest by the Maryland Department of Natural Resources. Three dimensions of a tree -- height, trunk circumference and size of crown -- are considered in computing a point value.

Schislers file suit: The Marston farmers who were acquitted last year in the county's largest animal-cruelty case file a $700,000 libeland defamation suit against the Humane Society of Carroll County Inc. and two sheriff's dpeuties. Carroll Lynn Schisler and his brother, August Frederick Schisler, claim in the suit that the Humane Society,its director and its chief animal-control officer "maliciously, negligently and inexcusably exposed" the Schislers to "public hatred, contempt and ridicule."

Mr. and Miss 4-H: Two Westminster High students are selected as Mr. and Miss 4-H. Gabe S. Zepp, 16, the son of Kathleen and Truman Zepp, includes riding horses and showing cattle among his hobbies, and he has won awards for his riding. Heather S. Hull,16, the daughter of Illona and John H. Hull Jr., has been active with the Pleasant Valley 4-H Club for eight years and is noted for her photography.

Library sues patrons: Facing an ever-tightening budgetand increasing circulation, library officials decide to sue 24 county residents who have not returned their overdue materials. Patrons will be sued in civil court for the value of the material lost or the return of the items and payment of a $10 maximum fine, said Laurell Taylor, assistant county attorney. Court costs of $15 per case will be paid by the losing party. The value per patron of the missing materials averages about $99.

August

EPA orders cleanup: The Environmental Protection Agency finds 10 Pennsylvania companies liable for contamination of the Keystone Landfill and orders them to come up with aplan to cap the facility and clean surrounding ground water. The companies would hire a contractor to plan and carry out the cleanup, with each step subject to review by EPA engineers. If they don't comply,EPA can have the work done and sue the companies for reimbursement.

Addicts seek help: Admissions of Carroll residents to crack cocaine treatment programs jump 111 percent from 1989 to 1990, the highest percentage increase in the Baltimore-Washington area. The most recentannual report of the Maryland Alcohol and Drug Abuse Administration says 114 Carroll residents sought help for their crack addiction during fiscal 1990, up from 54 people in 1989. In other metropolitan counties, the numbers of people seeking treatment are greater, but are growing at a slower rate than in Carroll.

Guilty verdict: Donald Allen McCall, 32, of Main Street in Union Bridge, is convicted of manslaughter in connection with the stabbing death of Roger Lee Childers, 24, of the 2500 block of Lawndale Road in Finksburg. After deliberating for 3 1/2 hours, a Carroll Circuit Court jury finds McCall not guilty of first- and second-degree murder charges. By finding him guilty of manslaughter -- a killing without clear premeditation or malice --the jury rejected his claim that he stabbed Childers in self-defense. The stabbing followed a confrontation between the two men while they were shooting pool at E. J.'s bar in Union Bridge.

Water ban in effect: Westminster's mayor and City Council announce mandatory restrictions on city water usage. All non-commercial outdoor water use is banned, and offenders face an initial fine of $25. A second offense will result in a $50 fine.

Prayers for pastor: The Congregation of Faith Baptist Church in Hampstead has a 24-hour prayer vigil in frontof the home of the Rev. Bert Benz, who is battling leukemia. Benz isin intensive care in the University of Kentucky's Markey Cancer Center following a bone marrow transplant from his daughter. Benz has been in intensive care because of complications from an infection.

More jobs: Michel Warehousing Corp. announces plans to move its headquarters to the county in about two years and its entire operation within the next five years. The move will begin in September, when the company will lease 205,000 square feet of space at the Eldersburg Business Center on Route 32, says Christopher P. Michel, senior vice president. The expansion will create about 40 jobs, each paying $10 to $11 an hour.

Right to trial: County and state court officials say Carroll defendants facing misdemeanor charges often abuse the right to trial by jury. Carroll has one of the highest percentages of requests for jury trials in the state, with 66 percent of the 1,665 defendants charged criminally in Carroll in 1990 requesting a jury trial. "Lots of times (jury trials) are done to get away from a judge in District Court or as a delaying tactic," said Carroll Circuit Court Clerk Larry Shipley. But county defense attorneys said most request are not delaying tactics but part of the constitutionally guaranteed right to a fair trial, and they warn against sacrificing those rights for efficiency.

Glider business bankrupt: Bay Soaring Inc., a glider-ride operation involved in a lengthy zoning battle, files for protection from creditors under Chapter 11 of the Federal Bankruptcy Act on Aug. 1.H. Gerard Gaudet, president of Aviation Customer Services Inc., the parent company of Bay Soaring, said $80,000 in legal and administrative bills over the past eight years has pushed his business to the edge. The business, which has operated since 1981, became involved in a zoning dispute in 1984 after residents complained about noise and safety. The legal skirmishes went all the way to the U.S. Supreme Court last fall, but the court refused to hear the case and sent the matterback to where it all began -- the county Zoning Appeals Board.

Water restrictions: The Manchester Town Council bans all outdoor water use after more than a month of voluntary measures. Town officials saythe continuing drought is a threat to the town's system of wells andnatural springs.

No retreat: The Sugar Valley Community Association hires an attorney to oppose a zoning application filed by Full Gospel American Mission Church. Church members have proposed a building conference, prayer, living and recreation facilities on 22 acres nearLineboro. Residents of the 18-lot Gunpowder Ridge subdivision say the retreat could have adverse environmental impacts, produce increasedtraffic and change the community's character. The church is associated with the Assembly of God, and church officials say they estimate about 50 people would use the facility on weekends.

Sin-tax take dwindles: The amount of revenue Carroll -- and the rest of Maryland -- takes in from the so-called sin tax, taxes on alcohol and cigarettes,is on the decline. The county's share of the $87.9 million collectedstatewide during the last fiscal year is $443,605, down 3 percent from the amount Carroll received a year earlier. While that revenue represents only 0.4 percent of Carroll's budget, it underscores a general decline in the amount of money county governments are taking in.

Owner scares robber: Margaret Rumbold, the 84-year-old owner of Margaret's Service Station in the 1500 block of Old New Windsor Pike, tells police a would-be robber fled after she refused to give him money.State police said the suspect, described as a white male in his lateteens or early 20s, came into the station at about 2:45 p.m. and showed Rumbold a handgun while ordering her to put money in a grocery bag. "I said to him, 'What do you think you're doing, boy?' and told him I was going to report him," Rumbold said. When she went around the counter to get her husband, the robber fled.

Robber hits bank: Westminster City Police and FBI agents are working together to try to find a man who robbed the Vermont Federal Savings and Loan at routes 140 and 97. The man walked up to a counter at 1:30 p.m. Aug. 15, pulledout a gun and demanded cash. After taking an undisclosed amount of money, the man ordered the two employees to lie on the floor and then escaped on foot.

Benz dies: The Rev. Wilbert H. Benz dies of leukemia in a Lexington, Ky. hospital with his wife, Linda, at his side. The 47-year-old pastor, who had battled leukemia and undergone a bone marrow transplant in Kentucky, had planned a celebration to mark his "going home" for those he left behind. "I am just passing through here," Benz told his congregation in his last sermon at Faith Baptist Church in Hampstead on June 30.

Postal crime: Barbara J. Hossler, 30, who ran the post office in Lineboro since 1987, is charged with stealing more than $600 in postal money, the U.S. Postal Inspection Service says. The post office, which is adjacent to Hossler's home, has been closed since Aug. 7, which means the 120 post office box holders must drive to Manchester to pick up their mail. Postal officials say the branch will reopen when someone can be found to operate it.

Murder charges dropped: County prosecutors drop first-degree murder andarson charges against Charles Ray Ogline in connection with an April24th blaze that killed a man and destroyed a Westminster apartment building. Ogline, who is homeless, was one of two men who confessed tosetting the fire that killed Carvin Hanna. But after an investigation, building resident John Woodward emerged as a suspect. Woodward, 44, was charged in May with first-degree murder and arson, and he will stand trial in October.

Lightning rips county: A morning thunderstorm, part of a system that dumps more than 6 inches of rain around the county overnight, tears through Carroll Aug. 21, knocking out powerto 18,000 homes. Lightning hits the county's Emergency Operations Center, leaving it unable to dispatch police and fire and rescue equipment and necessitating that the Westminster Fire Department take over those duties. Another bolt hits a 100-year-old barn in Manchester, touching off a two-alarm blaze that destroys the barn and causes $10,000 in damage. Several cars were stranded in high water when intersections flooded.

Legislators trim expenses: Carroll's state legislators shave more than $6,000 off their personal and office expenses paid by taxpayers. The six-member county delegation spent a combined $80,372 during the 1990-1991 legislative year for expenses such as lodging, travel, food, clerical assistance and office supplies. The year before, the legislators spent $86,515.

Selling the sheep: Jack Price,a longtime county sheep farmer and past president of the Maryland Sheep Breeders Association, decides its time for retirement and begins plans to sell his 90-acre farm near Westminster and some of his flock. Generations of school children have passed through the farm, admiring the Hampshire sheep, with their black faces and legs and white bodies. But Price says at 71, he knows it's time to quit.

Lehigh drops plan: Citing costs, Lehigh Portland Cement Co. announces it will not burn liquid hazardous waste as fuel, but company officials said they could reconsider in a few years. Lehigh still wants to burn non-hazardous wastes and will continue to fight for permission to burn carbon waste, said Union Bridge plant manager David H. Roush.

County prepares for cuts: Anticipating state reductions in local aid, the county develops a contingency plan to cut $2 million from agency budgets.The plan could result in diminished services and layoffs. "We're nottrying to be alarmist, but we want people to be aware there truly are problems we have to face," says Commissioner Julia W. Gouge. The state is facing an estimated $300 million deficit for fiscal 1992.

Surprising vote: In an unexpected move, the Westminster City Council votes to begin a $1.6 million addition to City Hall, a project that has been steeped in controversy for months. The 10,000-square-foot addition is the first phase of a plan that would include construction of a 17,000-square-foot building, at a price of more than $3.4 million.

September

SAT scores are up: SAT results reveal Carroll test-takers scored above the state and national averages on the standardizedhigh school exam. Carroll seniors earned an average of 430 on the verbal portion of the test, up from 425 last year. The average math score was 477, up from 469. The combined average for countians is 907, just above the state average of 904 and the national average of 896.

4-H'ers fair well: Some 200 of Carroll's 4-H'ers compete at the Maryland State Fair, and several earn top honors for their animals whileothers score high in the indoor exhibits. But the fair turned dangerous for Margaret Smith, a 4-H volunteer from New Windsor whose leg and arm were fractured when a team of draft horses bolted.

Drought destroys corn: The arid summer devastates 70 percent of the county's corn crop, dries 80 percent of pastureland and destroys 62 percent of the soybean crop. Federal drought estimates show that only Frederick County suffered more damage in the state, and Carroll farmers say thedrought is the worst in memory. Corn is the county's main cash crop.

Judge frees woman: Carroll Circuit Judge Luke K. Burns Jr. releases Amanda Perry, the 29-year-old former Finksburg woman who shot her husband to death, after she served 19 months in jail. She had been sentenced to six years in jail for the 1988 death of her husband, whom she said abused her and snorted cocaine in front of the couple's two children, now 3 and 5 years old. Burns said he sympathized with the children, "the real victims," and wrote that he believed Perry was influenced by the battered spouse syndrome at the time of the murder.

Gunman robs bank: A man with a long-barreled handgun forces five employees of the Westminster Bank & Trust in Gamber to lie on the floor while he empties three cash drawers. The robbery at 2:20 p.m. Sept. 5occurred just two hours after a gunman robbed a Sykesville video store of about $400, but police do not know if the two crimes are related.

Sludge pit denied: The Maryland Court of Special Appeals rules in favor of a Carroll citizens coalition, upholding a county zoning decision that denied the use of a controversial sludge storage facility on a farm in Taneytown. The decision against the Robert C. Neal farm represents a major victory for the Concerned Citizens for the Protection of Land, Water and Wildlife. The group objected to the sludge facility, a concrete and asphalt pit the size of a football field and 8 feet deep, because it was constructed in 1988 without a building permit or zoning approval.

Powell calls it quits: Neal Powell, 70, retires as Taneytown city manager, a post he has held since 1978. He was elected to the Town Council in 1957 and also served as mayor for 11 years. He will be replaced by James White, 44, a financial systems and business adviser from Montgomery County. White was chosen from a field of about 70 candidates.

Upscale Hampstead: Hampstead town officials praise plans for the Oakmont Green development, 89 luxury homes projected to sell for $350,000 and more. The project, which includes an 18-hole, par-72 championship golf course, is slated to be builtby 1995 on 126 acres on Greenmount Church Road. Mayor C. Clinton Becker said that without the upscale housing, higher-income residents would be forced to move elsewhere.

Teacher, pupil partnered: Nineteen years ago, first-grader Wanda McNeave learned to read and write in Linda Witter's classroom at William Winchester Elementary School in Westminster. Today, McNeave, 25, is teaching other children to read and write in the same classroom with the help of Witter. McNeave and Witter teach a Collegial Chapter One class of 25 first-graders, about half of whom have special needs, in a program subsidized by the federal government. "I'm delighted a former student has gone into educationand has become a first-grade teacher," Witter said. McNeave remembers Witter "as being a nice teacher."

'Taneytown 3' appeal: Three Taneytown peace activists convicted of trespassing at a secret militarycommand center near the Mason-Dixon line will appeal their case to the Pennsylvania Supreme Court. Yvonne Small, 46, her husband, James Small, 50, and Wayne Cogswell, 58, were among seven arrested at a peace vigil in August 1989 near Site R, which would direct military operations and house the joint chiefs of staff in the event of a nuclear war.

Doggonest visit: The famous canine Josh, who is central to Richard Stack's books, "The Doggonest Christmas" and "The Doggonest Vacation," visits Winfield and Mount Airy elementary schools, along with his owner, author Stack. Stack came to school to kick off the Doggonest Reading program, a project to encourage students to read. Josh, a stray who wandered onto Stack's doorstep several years ago, has visited hundreds of schools, and he signs autographs with his back paw.

Bypass hits 6-year snag: Mayor C. Clinton Becker of Hampstead informs the town council that the state no longer plans to pay for the construction of the Hampstead bypass for at least six years. State administrators cited, among other problems, budget woes. Town officials will try to proceed with the project despite the postponement of state assistance.

Fire destroys barn: An arson fire destroys a wood-framebarn and 3,000 bales of hay and straw in the 7300 block of Smith Road off Obrecht Road in Sykesville Sept. 17. The fire caused $30,000 indamage, and 35 firefighters battled the blaze for 30 minutes before bringing it under control.

On the trail: Mount Airy officials hopeto develop a hiker-biker trail from the center of town to the Patapsco River along the old B&O; tracks. The first phase of the 2-mile trail would run from the center of town to Watkins Park and would be a multipurpose trail. Organizers hope to continue down the right of way, adding another mile of trail, to the Patapsco. Town officials must decide whether to lease the land, buy it or ask property owners to donate it for the project.

Charter petition readied: The Committee forCharter Government announces it has collected enough petition signatures to start the process of changing the county's 154-year-old commissioner form of government. The committee has collected more than 3,800 signatures from the county's 56,729 registered voters, exceeding the 5 percent necessary to require the county commissioners to appointa board to write a charter. The Board of Elections has yet to verifythe signatures. A previous petition drive was unsuccessful when the Board of Elections invalidated many of the 2,000 signatures because they lacked necessary information.

Mixed reviews for repairs: The $5-million reconstruction of the Liberty Road/Route 32 intersection iscomplete, but businesses on the corner are not entirely pleased. Business owners say concrete barriers in the middle of both roads hindercustomers from getting to their shops. Said Exxon station owner Tom DeBaugh, "It's real hard to get in and out of the station, especiallytrying to get onto Route 32." Project engineers say the median strips safely channel traffic through the intersection.

Escapee at large: Police are still searching for one of two men who escaped from theSykesville Central Laundry Camp. Adam Dare Blades, 20, originally from Caroline County, remains at large. He was serving a three-year sentence for a third-degree sex offense. The other man, 21-year-old MarkJohn Harp of Anne Arundel County, was recaptured in Glen Burnie.

Shelter is full: A waiting list for space in the shelter for the homeless bulged to an all-time high in August, the Human Services Programs of Carroll County Inc. reports. Since HSP began operating shelters in 1985, it has not had a waiting list. But 28 women and children were without a place to stay in August. The list has ranged between 10 and 30 women since mid-August, with a typical wait of 10 days to two weeks.

Attorney buys building: Westminster attorney Robert H. Lennon contracts to buy the colonial-style building on Main Street deserted by Baltimore Federal in June 1990. "I grew up in Westminster and always thought it was an attractive building," Lennon said of the property at 6 E. Main St. The county commissioners tried to buy the building during the liquidation of Baltimore Federal's assets but lost the contract in a closed-bidding process. Lennon would not say how much he had offered for the two-floor, 1,880-square-foot building.

October

Cuts anger Dixon: Delegate Richard N. Dixon, who serves on the House Budget Committee, criticizes Gov. William Donald Schaefer's budget cuts, which would reduce state troopers and social programs. Dixon speculates that Schaefer's announcement of budget cuts was timed toinfluence legislators to support tax increases.

ATV riding

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