Lazar Kaganovich, 97, one of Josef V. Stalin's closest aides and the last survivor of the old guard Bolsheviks who ruled the Soviet Union for decades, has died in Moscow, his housekeeper said yesterday. A Ukrainian Jew who was instrumental in the forced collectivization of peasants in the 1920s and a survivor of a series of Stalin's purges, Mr. Kaganovich had lived in obscurity since Nikita S. Krushchev stripped him of his power in 1957. Born in 1893 near Kiev, he was a young shoemaker when he joined the Bolsheviks in 1911. After the 1917 revolution he rose quickly through the party and in 1925, at age 32, was appointed overlord of the Ukraine, smashing nationalist anti-Bolshevik resistance in the republic. Five years later he became a full member of the ruling Politburo and took over as head of the Moscow party organization.
Carol Laise Bunker, 73, a former ambassador to Nepal and a pioneer among women in foreign diplomacy, died of cancer Thursday at a summer home in Dummerston, Vt. Mrs. Bunker, widow of U.S. diplomat Ellsworth Bunker, began her foreign service in 1948 working as an international relations officer in the U.S. State Department. She went on to become ambassador to Nepal from 1966 to 1973. After leaving Nepal, Mrs. Bunker become assistant secretary of state and director general of the foreign service until she retired in 1974. Her husband, who died in 1984, was ambassador to South Vietnam from 1967 to 1973.