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William S. Masland, 70, retired president and...


William S. Masland, 70, retired president and chief executive officer of the carpeting company that bears his name, died Tuesday in Harrisburg, Pa. Mr. Masland was top executive of C. H. Masland & Sons from 1976 until his retirement in 1985. Mr. Masland, whose great-grandfather founded the company, began his career there in 1945. He held a variety of offices in his 40 years with the company, now known as Masland Industries. B. C. Bud" Gardner, who succeeded Mr. Masland as chief executive, credited him with boosting the company's efforts to supply carpeting to the auto industry and entering a joint venture with a Japanese firm.

The Rev. Lord MacLeod, 96, of Fuinary, who founded an ecumenical religious community on the wind-swept Scottish island of Iona, died Thursday at his home in Edinburgh. The cause of the death was not announced, but Lord MacLeod's son, Maxwell, said he had been ill for some time. George F. MacLeod, a minister in the Presbyterian Church of Scotland, left his ministry at Glasgow's Govan shipyard district in

With a dozen unemployed craftsmen and clergy he set off for Iona, the three-mile-long windy island where Irish missionary St. Columba landed with 12 companions in A.D. 563. It became the base for Columba's ministry to Scotland and Iceland. Lord MacLeod and his followers restored the ruins of the 13th-century Benedictine abbey. Lord MacLeod was a captain in the Argyll and Sutherland Highlanders in World War I and was decorated for bravery with the Military Cross and the French Croix de Guerre. By the time of World War II he had become a pacifist and socialist and later was vice president of the Scottish Campaign for Nuclear Disarmament.

Philip Gollnick, 56, a world-renowned physiologist and Washington State University professor, died in a hospital Wednesday after a heart attack at his home in Pullman, Wash. Mr. Gollnick was known for more than 25 years for research that, among other things, showed how and why muscles adapt to high activity levels. When the space shuttle Columbia returned from an 11-day mission in January, Mr. Gollnick took muscle samples from the astronauts to study the effect of weightlessness on muscle tissue.

Mike M. Masaoka, a decorated combat veteran who worked to restore the rights of Americans of Japanese descent after World War II, died Wednesday at Sibley Memorial Hospital in Washington. He was 75. Mr. Masaoka moved to Washington after the war as the legislative representative of the Japanese American Citizens League, later becoming its national executive secretary. He helped persuade Congress to pass the Evacuation Claims Act of 1948, which compensated Japanese-Americans for some of the losses they suffered as a result of internment during World War II. In 1950 he lobbied for the repeal of the Japanese Exclusion Act of 1924, which barred Japanese immigrants from becoming citizens and from owning land. Mr. Masaoka retired in 1988 but remained active as a consultant and worked for the passage of the Civil Liberties Act of 1988, in which Congress pledged $20,000 in restitution to each of the 60,000 surviving Americans of Japanese descent who were interned.

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