Edmund Demaitre, 85, a retired political analyst with the Voice of America, died Friday at Georgetown University Hospital of respiratory failure. Mr. Demaitre was born in Hungary and received a law degree from the University of Budapest before beginning a career in journalism. He covered the German occupations of Austria and Czechoslovakia and the Japanese invasion of China for various newspapers before becoming a correspondent in Stockholm, Sweden, for the Daily Express of London in 1940. He went to work for the Voice of America in 1949, specializing in European and Soviet affairs. He retired in 1976 but continued to work for the agency as a contract employee until 1988.
Theodore J. Abraham, 68, an artist whose combat sketches from the Vietnam War are on exhibit at the Smithsonian Institution, died Saturday at Mercy Hospital in Port Huron, Mich. Mr. Abraham had Alzheimer's disease. A World War II Navy veteran, Mr. Abraham was one of several artists commissioned by the U.S. Army's history department to chronicle the Vietnam War in the late 1960s. Samples of his work have been hanging in the Smithsonian for about 20 years.
Frank X. Friedmann Jr., 50, one of Florida's leading environmental lawyers, died Sunday of cancer in Jacksonville. Mr. Friedmann represented Jacksonville in its court battle to open a huge landfill in southeast Duval County. The landfill was vetoed in February by Gov. Lawton M. Chiles Jr. and the Cabinet, but Mr. Friedmann retained a reputation as one of the state's top environmental lawyers. One of his biggest victories was a case he argued before the U.S. Supreme Court on behalf of Atlantic Coast Line Railway when he was 29.
Guy B. Johnson, a scholar of black culture and longtime advocate of improved race relations, died Thursday of chronic anemia at his home in Chapel Hill, N.C. He was 90. A former professor of sociology and anthropology at the University of North Carolina, Mr. Johnson studied black culture, including folk music and dialect, in the 1920s, and from demographic data he forecast the increase in black nationalism. In the 1950s Mr. Johnson directed studies in Negro education for the Fund for the Advancement of Education. He was a fellow of the Social Science Research Council and the American anthropological and sociological associations. A native of Caddo Mills, Texas, Mr. Johnson graduated from Baylor University and received a master's degree from the University of Chicago and a doctorate from the University of North Carolina.
William Earl Bell, whose research led to the first atomic clock, now on display with his notes in the Smithsonian Museum of American History, died Friday of cancer at his home in Hyde Park, Utah. He was 70. Born April 2, 1921, in Winnipeg, Manitoba, Mr. Bell served in the Royal Canadian Navy during World War II after graduating from the University of Alberta in 1939. From 1945 to 1950, his research at the Canadian Atomic Energy Project in Chalk River, Ontario, included study of cosmic rays, nuclear physics and particle detection. While he was at Varian Associates in Palo Alto, Calif., Mr. Bell's work with alkali metal vapors led to development of the atomic clock used in the Apollo moon mission.