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The Way It WasEditor: It's unfortunate that...


The Way It Was

Editor: It's unfortunate that Garry Wills, in his May 10 column "Who Commands the Commanders?" chose to accept at face value a paragraph about me in Bob Woodward's book, "The Commanders," without ever calling to ask if his interpretation were accurate.

Let me set the record straight. I never "countered the civilian leadership of the republic" nor did I participate in the "thwarting of a presidential directive."

What I did do was to suggest an informal way for Marshal Akhromeyev, my Soviet counterpart, to communicate with me rather than using the normal system, which was cumbersome, not always timely and subject to rather wide distribution throughout the government.

At no time was there any suggestion, hint or intention expressed or intended that such information would not be shared with our civilian superiors in our respective governments.

On the contrary, I assumed that the marshal would not send me anything that he had not vetted with his government and that any of my responses would be reported to his hierarchy. That was certainly my own practice and I believed that the marshal understood that reality.

In the course of my meetings with Marshal Akhromeyev, we had hours of private discussions. I subsequently briefed the secretary of Defense, the national security advisor and, when appropriate, the president. I understood that the marshal followed a similar practice in the Kremlin.

Early in our talks in the summer of 1988, I and Marshal Akhromeyev concurred that our militaries needed some

emergency communication procedures which could be implemented in the event of an incident between our forces. Those arrangements were included in the formal agreement to reduce tensions in the wake of dangerous militarily activities signed in 1989. My informal line of communications to the marshal was never a part of this system. In fact, it was never used.

The suggestion by anyone that I was trying to set up some extra-governmental "crisis channel" for private communications with the Soviets is not only ludicrous, it's patently untrue.

0&Adm.; William J. Crowe Jr, USN (Ret.).



The writer is a former chairman of the Joint Chiefs of Staff.

Stakes Are High

Editor: I profoundly rue the sentencing of Winnie Mandela, a staunch and intrepid stalwart for freedom and justice in South Africa. It is, to be sure, a grievous and lamentable setback for her, but, too, for her husband and family and all who support equality of opportunity and social justice throughout South Africa.

The historic exclusion, denial of fundamental freedom and flagrant denial of social justice for the 25 million black South Africans by a white minority of 5 million persons raise basic questions about whether Mrs. Mandela was accorded fairness and justice in the court proceedings. I hope, if the judgment against Mrs. Mandela is not set aside, as Nelson Mandela believes, by an appellate court, that she will be pardoned by President F. W. de Klerk.

A failure to reverse the judgment, given the lugubrious and long history of exclusion of the majority black South African population from the socio-economic, political and educational mainstream of South Africa, will seriously encumber and eviscerate the negotiations currently taking place between Nelson Mandela and President de Klerk. The political stakes are high.

Samuel L. Banks.



Editor: What has happened to our lovely Harborplace? There was a time not so long ago when you ventured to Harborplace, you saw well-kept benches, the promenade was clean and bikers were not allowed.

Now, when you venture into Harborplace all you see are the dirty bums begging for quarters, bicycles running into people and trash is all over the place.

There was a time when you would nod or greet a police officer, be able to enjoy a bench or just watch the tourists enjoying themselves.

If we continue not to focus more attention on this wonderful tourist attraction we have developed, it will probably just become another one of Baltimore's slum areas attracting one-time visitors only.

Wake up Baltimore! For once try and keep something special.

Linda M. Hess.



Editor: As a former Baltimore County Gifted and Talented student, I am writing in response to Shawnee Twardzik's letter about future budget cuts threatening the cancellation of the GT program.

I grew up in Timonium, a largely upper middle-class, white-collar Baltimore County neighborhood. I feel it is relatively easier for me to appreciate the value of my high-powered education because my supportive parents were always able to insure that I never went without healthy food, clean clothes or a warm bed.

Looking back, I know that these things were just as important for facilitating my academic progress as my participation in the advanced GT classes -- yet I was never made immediately aware of their value because I never had to go without them.

I am not saying that Ms. Twardzik is wrong in proclaiming the great value of the Baltimore County GT program or for being worried about its demise. I am, however, suggesting that people need to make themselves more aware of exactly who is able to benefit from such elite programs.

Yes, the GT curriculum and its teachers allow extremely talented students to learn to their full potential, but if we pay this program too much budgetary attention at the expense of more mainstream education, we are consciously perpetuating the "average and below-average mentality" problem that Ms. Twardzik also finds troubling.

Most important, voting citizens and legislators need to realize that no improved or advanced education curriculum in the world is going to succeed in altering students' long-term academic success if we continue to expect it to operate in the context of a socio-economic system that allows many to slip through its cracks.

I personally think it is outrageous that many people who are in a position to truly improve the future of our country still believe that education can be separated from larger socio-economic policy issues.

aren A. Rader.


Free Tibet First

Editor: Perhaps it is in order to suggest that China give Tibet back its independence before the U.S. decides on a guideline of trade with China.

Rick Palmer.


Proposed Changes

Editor: I was dismayed to read a letter in The Sun April 11 criticizing the proposed transfer of correctional education services from the State Department of Education to the Department of Public Safety and Correctional Services.

The administration proposal was introduced to improve the way we educate inmates and consolidate in one agency all the services the state provides for inmates. The proposed transfer was not, as the letter stated, included in legislation to reorganize the Human Resources, Juvenile Services and Health and Mental Hygiene departments, though both efforts had the same goal of delivering services more efficiently.

The proposed transfer would not compromise the quality of teaching or reduce our commitment to educating inmates. On any given day, about 5,000 inmates participate in some form of classroom instruction in what is now the state's fastest growing school system. We expected to improve the quality of education by combining educational services with the entire range of services the state provides inmates.

The legislation would have transferred teaching positions for instructors who now work in the prisons from the Department of Education to the Department of Public Safety and Correctional Services. The Educational Coordinating Council would continue to develop services for inmates. Money budgeted for correction education would be used just for that, and not, as the letter suggested, to pay overtime for correctional officers.

I agree that we can use education to discourage repeat offenses by inmates. We proposed that all inmates sentenced to the Division of Correction learn to read at the eighth-grade level, a requirement that doesn't currently exist.

Unfortunately, because the legislature did not approve the proposed transfer, we will continue to have two state departments delivering services to a single group. We lost a chance to consolidate services for inmates, whose numbers are increasing at an unprecedented rate.

The inmates lose.

#William Donald Schaefer.



The writer is the governor of Maryland.

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