The area around Hampstead was settled first by English, Dutch and German immigrants.
Hampstead was located along an old Indian trail from the Susquehanna ridge.
In the mid-18th century, a new road was cut from what is now Hanover, Pa., into this area of Maryland.
Then known as Spring Garden, Hampstead was a stop on the new road.
The town later incorporated in 1888.
With a 1991 population (through February) of 2,763, Hampstead is the sixth-largest municipality in the county.
Its fiscal1990-1991 (budget year starts July 1) property tax rate is 58 cents per $100 of assessed value, which is in addition to the county property tax; homes are assessed at 40 percent (as of July 1) of market value.
The owner of a typical $134,000 home (assessed at $53,600) pays $311 annually in town property taxes, in addition to $1,260 in county property taxes.
The town provides trash pickup once a week through a contract agreement with Eastern Waste Industries.
The cost to residents is included in the town property tax.
The municipalityis run by a non-partisan mayor, an appointed town manager and five council members serving staggered four-year terms.
Elections are the second Tuesday in May of odd-numbered years; in 1991, the mayoral and two council seats are up for election.
Each council member receives $500 annually; the mayor gets $1,000 compensation.
The council meets at 7:30 p.m. the third Monday of each month at Town Hall, 1034 S. Carroll St., 21074, telephone 374-2761.
* Mayor and Council President Richard E. Miller: since 1986, term ends 1991
* Councilman Gary Bauer, appointed 1989, term ends 1991
* Councilman C. Clinton Becker, since 1989, term ends 1993
* Councilman Lewis O. KeyserJr.: since 1989, term ends 1993
* Council Vice President Arthur H. Moler: since 1983, term ends 1991
* Councilman William S. Pearson Sr.: since 1984, term ends 1993
* Town Manager John A. Riley: since September 1984, Manchester resident.
* Town Clerk/Treasurer Patricia L. Warner
* Police Chief Kenneth F. Russell
* Town Attorney Charles O. Fisher Sr.
* Cascade Lake: Just west of the town, this is one of the major tourist attractions.
The privately owned facility on Snydersburg Road is one of two privately owned and operated swimming lakes in the state.
The other is on the Eastern Shore.
The 22-acre wooded resort, dating back to the 1920s, was purchased after a period of decline by Johanna and William Brown in 1983. They put in new piers and bridges, lifeguard stands and picnic tables and a 300-foot concrete retaining wall beside the oldmill-stream.
They tore down a small, ramshackle pavilion, rented out the cabin they lived in initially and poured 1,000 tons of coarsesand to make a small spit of beach. The old gristmill that the stream once powered is still standing, near the rock-faced dam that contains the lake.
The lake is fed by 22 natural springs, which limits the recreation possibilities to summertime. The springs keep parts of the lake from freezing in winter, ruling out public ice skating.
Early in 1989, Steven H. Gassaway and William S. Roohan two real estate consultants from Lutherville, Baltimore County, purchased the property.
The resort is open 10 a.m.-7 p.m. (weekends only until schoolis out) Memorial Day to Labor Day, weather permitting.
The property includes the six-acre lake with a small beach area, boat rentals, swimming and fishing.
Picnic tables and grills are scattered throughout the park, along with a large pavilion, horseshoe pitch and playground area.
A recreation building offers a complete snack bar, pinball and video arcade and pool tables.
Groups can be accommodatedfrom 10-20 to 500-700 people and off-season rentals also are available.
Memberships are available to Cascade Lake, starting at $105 for a full membership, and ranging from $65 for individuals to $155 fora family of four weekdays only.
Daily non-member admission is $9 on weekends for adults; $9 for 6- to 11-year-olds; and $1.95 for 1- to 5-year-olds.
* May 25: Hampstead Day, the town's annual festival, 8 a.m. to 4 p.m., sponsored by the Rotary Club.