RINGING IN THE NEW SATURNS Manufacturers hope new car will drive consumers to buy American, not Japanese


An article in yesterday's Today section gave an incorrect price for the Saturn SL2 with automatic transmission. The correct price is $11,265.

The Sun regrets the errors.

Tooling down Ritchie Highway in a brand new Saturn, we don't have a whole lot of trouble believing what the General Motors publicity machine would have us believe: That we are on the vanguard of a new era in American automaking.

That's because the Saturn is peppy, smooth and quiet -- qualities we haven't previously associated with small, fuel-efficient American cars.

A recent test drive of the Saturn -- which goes on sale in Maryland beginning April 4 -- convinced this die-hard Honda owner that there may be economical, fun-to-drive cars that aren't made in Japan.

If you're accustomed to a Honda, Toyota or Nissan, sitting behind the wheel of the Saturn is going to feel awfully familiar.

For starters, before we even turned the key, we liked the --board tachometer that is standard on all models -- although it does seem somewhat frivolous on a car with an automatic transmission.

The Saturn features three four-door sedan models -- differentiated by engine size and by extras that are included with option packages -- and a two-door sports coupe. We started our test driving a bottom-of-the-line SL sedan with a five-speed standard transmission. It lists for $8,270 (that includes stereo but no air conditioning) and promises 37 miles per gallon on the highway.

The engine started up with a smooth, efficient purr. It's a quiet-sounding engine -- quieter than any American car we have tried but probably a bit rougher-sounding than the Honda engine we are used to. Shifting gears was also smooth and easy.

On the road, the Saturn, like Japanese cars, gives the feel of a larger car. It was quickly responsive to a light touch on the accelerator -- although not quite as peppy, in our subjective judgment, as the Civic. With its front wheel drive, the car handled adroitly.

Other test drivers have verified that the Saturn goes from 0 to 60 miles per hour in 8.5 seconds. We'll have to take their word for it; we didn't bring our stopwatch, nor is there much opportunity for quick acceleration on Ritchie Highway.

The sedan with automatic transmission handled similarly to the five-speed but wasn't as much fun to drive if you like the control that shifting gears gives you. We also noticed a slight clunkiness in the automatic transmission as it shifted gears.

The Saturn is not just a new model, GM emphasizes, but a whole new company, as distinct as Chevrolet or Cadillac or Oldsmobile. "It's a new product, new assembly, new people, and we're trying to build a long-lasting relationship with the American public," said spokesman Mark A. Tanner.

Saturns are built in a plant in Spring Hill, Tenn., 35 miles south of Nashville, where 3,000 workers have emulated Japanese labor practices and manufacturing techniques to try to come up with a product that has so far eluded American car makers -- a small, fuel-efficient car that you can love.

Saturns go on sale in Maryland next week at four dealerships: in Owings Mills, Glen Burnie, Gaithersburg and Marlow Heights.

You can't help but have heard about this $3.5 billion new venture, if you read magazines (it was on cover of Time last fall) or watch TV (ads are beginning to saturate the airways) or read newspapers (stories have appeared in business pages since Saturns first hit the market last October.)

So far, the publicity has been mainly positive. And the recent Persian Gulf war has increased a public interest in buying American, say some Saturn dealers.

All of the early glowing reports must still, of course, stand up to the test of time. One of the chief selling points of Japanese cars is their integrity of manufacture and low frequency-of-repair records. It's still too soon to tell if Saturns will do as well in this category.

Mr. Tanner was defensive when questioned about a report that the first Saturns off the line had been recalled because of a faulty seat-adjustment device.

"That was not a recall, that was a voluntary customer satisfaction campaign to fix the seat-recline mechanism," Mr. Tanner said. "It applied to only 1,200 cars and it was not a safety issue."

As of mid-March, there had been about 6,100 Saturns sold around the country, Mr. Tanner said, mostly from dealerships in the South, West and Midwest. Dealerships are opening this spring in the Northeast and Mid-Atlantic states and by summer Saturns will be available in most major metropolitan areas.

"We've had a very excellent response," said Jim Millner, general manager of Saturn of Richmond, which has been in operation since October. He has had customers from as far away as Baltimore and Washington, Mr. Millner said, especially after auto shows in those cities earlier this year highlighted the Saturn.

"A lot of buyers are out there who really wanted an alternative to buying a Japanese car," Mr. Millner added. "A lot of people have been waiting a long time for an American manufacturer to come up with something that could compete." He said that he has sold over 200 Saturns since Oct. 25 and his customers are "very satisfied."

Saturns were originally scheduled to go on sale in Maryland in February but were delayed, Mr. Tanner said, because "we couldn't increase the rate of production as fast as we'd anticipated. We want to build high quality cars and we're not going to sacrifice quality for quantity."

Locally, "the interest has been absolutely tremendous, the response fantastic," said Scott Fader, general manager of Saturn of Owings Mills, which is owned by Heritage Automotive Group. "Ever since the auto show in mid-January, we've had lots of people come in and ask for them. People want to buy American."

"People like the fact that it's putting so many people in this country to work," agreed Wes Gray, former sales manager of Saturn of Glen Burnie, which is owned by Griffith Auto. After the war, everyone is so patriotic."



EPA estimated MPG


Manual 27/37

Automatic 26/35

Engine Type 1.9-liter, SOHC,

8-valve 4-cylinder


EPA estimated MPG


Manual 24/34

Automatic 23/32

Engine type 1.9-liter, DOHC,

16-valve 4-cylinder

fgh,8,8.5 Braking system



front disc/

rear drum


Overall length

176.3 inches

Overall width

67.6 inches

Overall height

52.5 inches


Overall length

175.8 inches

Overall width

67.5 inches

Overall height

50.6 inches



The Saturn marks a new method of car buying in this country, its sellers say, an end to dickering, comparison shopping, playing one dealer against another. Look at the sticker price and what you see is what you get.

"It's like going into the Giant and buying a gallon of milk," said Wes Gray, former sales manager of Saturn of Glen Burnie.

"You don't have to come in and worry about getting beat. You don't have to go in worrying, 'Is this salesman lying to me? What's he trying to pull over on me?' "

But another dealer indicated that sticker price might not be hard and fast.

"I prefer not to comment on whether we will sell for the ticket price," said Scott Fader, general manager of Saturn of Owings Mills. "We're willing to talk to our customers."

Here are the sticker prices on Saturn models (prices include $275 transportation charge):

SL -- $8,270

SL1 -- $8,870

SL2 -- $10,570

SL2 (with automatic transmission) -- $10,265

SL2 (with automatic transmission and all available options except sun roof) -- $13,095

-! SC (sports coupe) -- $12,050.

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