Johns Hopkins University is the biggest private employer in Maryland, and either directly or indirectly accounts for one in every 29 jobs in the state, a study commissioned by the university has found.
Hopkins and its affiliates employ 27,000 Marylanders -- far more than second-place Giant Food Inc. which has 18,100 employees -- according to a study released yesterday by the Silver Spring-based consulting firm Hammer, Siler, George Associates.
Hopkins also spent about $1 billion on salaries and other expenses in 1990 -- nearly 1 percent of the state's entire economy -- according to Hammer, a firm that specializes in economic impact reports.
And once the effect of Hopkins-sponsored construction, its visitors and other ripple effects were counted, Hopkins accounted for $3.3 billion of Maryland's $103.5 billion economy in 1990, the six-month study found.
The study noted that Hopkins, which employs three Nobel laureates, attracts more federal research money than any other university, and more than twice as much as second-place Massachusetts Institute of Technology's $300 million-a-year level.
The university alone, which has 13,800 employees, would have been the state's third-largest employer, the Hammer study found.
An additional 13,200 people are employed by organizations affiliated with the university, such as its hospitals.